Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change
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Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change 20-23 July 2010 San José, Costa Rica. Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change

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Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change

Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO

Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

20-23 July 2010

San José, Costa Rica


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Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change

Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO

Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

20-23 July 2010

San José, Costa Rica


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Basic concepts

The Climate Change challenge

An agenda for action


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What constitutes Health?

Physical, mental health?

Social well-being?

Everything?


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What constitutes the environment?

Physical, Chemical, Biological agents?

Social, cultural environment?

Everything?


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What is Environmental Health?

It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling environmental factors which can harm human health, or promoting those which protect health

Environmental health refers to those aspects of human health or disease whichare determined by environmentalfactors


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Cardiovasc. diseases

Cancer

Diabetes

Physical inactivity

Respiratory infections

Lung cancer

Respiratory diseases

COPD

Cardiovasc. diseases

Injuries

Diarrhoea

Malaria

Malaria

Injuries

Dengue

Cardiovasc. diseases

etc.

Leishmaniasis

etc.

Malnutrition

Intestinal parasites

Diarrhoea

Drownings

Malnutrition

etc.

Environment-society-individual interaction on health

Causes of the causes

Migration

Energy

Transport

Direct causes

Radiation

Air pollution

Chemicals

Climate change

Degraded ecosystems

Health

Vector breeding sites

Water,

sanitation

Desertification

Water scarcity


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Global inequalities: GNI versus EBD

Sierra Leone

Angola

Guinea-Bissau

Mozambique

China

India

Brazil

Finland

USA

Iceland

Afro AmroEmroEuroSearoWpro


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Basic concepts

The Climate Change challenge

An agenda for action


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Health

Climate change impacts on other risk factors

Causes of the causes

Migration

Energy

Transport

Proximal causes

Radiation

Air pollution

Chemicals

Climate change

Degraded ecosystems

Vector breeding sites

Water,

sanitation

Waterscarcity

Desertification



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Climate change produce local health impacts

and increase inequalities


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Climate change begins with…

the most vulnerable groups:

Children under 5;

Pregnant women;

Elderly people;

Marginalized rural, urban and indigenous populations;

Displazed persons


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The most vulnerable to environmental changes are the least responsible for their cause

Climate change: children are the worst affected

88% of the burden of disease attributable to climate change affects children under 5


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climate change begins with… responsible for their cause

the most vulnerable regions:

With high transmission of climate sensitive diseases;

Low food production;

Water scarcity;

Island and coastal cities

Mountain communities


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Climate change begins with… responsible for their cause

the most important public health problems:

Communicable diseases;

Food security;

Disaster risks

Water quality and access

Disease vectors


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Many of the major killers are climate sensitive responsible for their cause

  • Each year:- Undernutrition kills 3.5 million - Diarrhoea kills 2.2 million- Malaria kills over 900 thousandEach of these is highly sensitive to temperature and precipitation


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Basic concepts responsible for their cause

The Climate Change challenge

An agenda for action


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  • Global Workplan for addressing the implications of climate change for health and health systems

  • Workplan Aims:

  • Support health systems in all countries, in order to enhance capacity for assessing and monitoring health vulnerability, risks and impacts due to climate change;

  • Identify strategies and actions to protect human health, particularly of the most vulnerable groups; and

  • Share knowledge and good practices.


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Strengthen change for health and health systems

health

systems

Addressing the

implications of

climate change

for health

Evidence

Partnerships

Raising

awareness

Global Workplan Objectives


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Workplan Objectives: change for health and health systems

1. Raising awareness of the effects of climate change on health, in order to prompt action for public health measures.

2. Engage in partnerships with other United Nations organizations and sectors other than the health sector at national, regional and international levels, in order to ensure that health protection and health promotion are central to climate change adaptation and mitigation policies

3. Promote and support the generation of scientific evidence

4. Strengthen health systems to cope with the health threats posed by climate change, including emergencies related to extreme weather events and sea-level rise


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Actions from the local to the global setting change for health and health systemsWe have only one Mother Earth


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