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German-Japanese Cooperation. DESD. Decade of Education for Sustainable Development. 2006 ACCU International Exchange Programme under the UNESCO-Japan Funds-in-Trust for the Promotion of International Cooperation and Mutual Understanding.

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German-Japanese Cooperation

DESD

Decade of Education for Sustainable

Development

2006 ACCU International Exchange Programme under the UNESCO-Japan Funds-in-Trust for the Promotion of International Cooperation

and Mutual Understanding


Sustainable berlin transport system economic and ecological implications

Sustainable Berlin Transport System- Economic and Ecological Implications


1.1 Curriculum for geography in Berlin´s

secondary schools

  • Education for Sustainable Development

  • plays an important role

  • for a deeper understanding the strategies of

  • sustainability should be put into action by pupils


- positive examples

- experiences

- environment - friendly

  • practical learning in everyday life – learning

  • process becomes more plausible

  • That means for our students:

  • active participation in and organization of

  • school life

  • responsible consumption

  • acting in solidarity towards the disadvantaged

  • asking questions concerning the future


1 1 1 geography grade 11 mobility and transport
1.1.1 Geography Grade 11: Mobility and Transport

  • geography projects in 11th grade – study of the

  • future capabilities of the Berlin public transport

  • system

  • understand sustainability in traffic

  • sustainable development – economic, ecological

  • and social system are coordinated in a way that

  • the natural basis of life is preserved for future

  • generations

  • sustainability in traffic

  • -minimize damages and risks for the environment

  • a long-term preservation of the natural basis of

  • living is ensured


  • economically, traffic should contribute to

  • guaranteeing jobs and economic success

  • shortage of natural and financial resources –

  • consistently improve efficiency

  • resources have to be used more efficiently


2. Mobility and Transport in

Berlin

2.1 Transport situation in Berlin

  • until 1939 an efficient transport system of

  • trains, subways,trams and buses developed

  • separation of transport system in 1949 –

  • different development in both parts of the city

  • 1990 – Berlin became the capital city – two

  • transport systems had to be joined together

  • big economic and technical challenge – the

  • opportunity to mind a sustainable development

  • of transport in Berlin and its surroundings


2.2 Change of traffic parameters

  • Most local authorities of metropolises are

  • confronted with increasing problems of

  • congestion and pollution due to the steady growth

  • of urban motorized traffic.

  • emissions of carbon dioxide, air pollution and noise

  • - carbon dioxide emissions increased from

  • 17.2 to 22.9% between the years 1990 and 2000

  • by 2010 transport will be the largest single

  • contributor to greenhouse gas emissions


organization of world of

employment

population and homes

urban structure

Traffic

technical

development

budget

possibilities of

transport and costs

global economic

network


2.2.1 Dilemma of traffic policy

  • wrong reaction to the increase in traffic –

  • extension and improvement of the road network

  • declining demand for public transportation

  • would set off a downward spiral leading to a

  • greater volume of motorized traffic and there-

  • fore a higher burden on the environment


Decreasing attractiveness of public transport and decreasing demand

less cost-coverance, higher deficits

higher fares, less stops, less frequent trains and buses, stoppage of ancillary railways

decreasing attractiveness of public transport, because it seems to be too expensive, slow, rare connections, bad condition of vehicles, unsafe at night

increasing volume of traffic, increasing demand of parking space, car-friendly shopping areas and workplaces

need for further investments in roads, introduction of „intelligent guidance systems“

increasing attractiveness of cars, because it seems to be cheap, independent, flexible, safer and faster

Extension and improvement of road network, removal of bottlenecks


2.3 Transport development planning demand

2.3.1 mobil2010

  • Berlin´s new urban transport development plan

  • integrated strategy aims to fulfil future mobility

  • needs of inhabitants

  • meet ambitious standards set for sustainable

  • urban transport by

  • putting priorities on the maintenance of the

  • existing infrastructure instead of expansion

  • using infrastructure more efficiently

  • promoting public transport, walking and cycling

  • 32% in Berlin of all trips are made on foot or

  • by bicycle


  • city´s budget is limited – confronting the city´s

  • government with a major challenge

  • mobil2010 aims to achieve its goals in the

  • following areas:

  • form and keep compact urban structures

  • free the inner city from through-traffic

  • extend local public transport system

  • and parking management


Cycling in Berlin demand

  • bicycle route network - 800 kilometers

  • mobil2010 - the city will promote cycling and will

  • increase the potential for bicycle use

  • for instance by making it possible to transport

  • bicycles on both regional and suburban trains

  • and on the underground

  • the target is to increase the modal split for

  • cycling from now 10% to 20% in the year 2015


Public Transport demand

  • modernisation of public transport vehicles has

  • been carried out continuously since reunification

  • BVG has introduced soot filters for 1000 of

  • 1400 buses

  • new buses which already fulfil Euro V standards

  • are now in service

  • trams have been refurbished

  • new low-floor trams have been introduced

  • tram tracks have been renewed

  • infrastructure measures in the tram network

  • focus on links with other forms of public

  • transport


  • new ticket ideas will replace the demand

  • paper ticket

  • the metrocard will combine the BVG ticket

  • with a car sharing concept

  • lifts have been installed in many train stations

  • to give better access for people with

  • disabilities and elderly people


Traffic Calming and Parking demand

  • 70% of Berlin´s road network – speed limit

  • of 30 km/h

  • main roads – 50 km/h

  • in residential areas speed reductions have been

  • extended

  • traffic calming areas are being enlarged

  • continuously

  • on-street parking charges have been introduced

  • in selected inner city and shopping areas


2.3.2 Agenda 21 demand

  • What is Agenda 21?

workplan for the 21st century – signed by 178

countries at the UN Conference for Environment

and Development in Rio in 1992

  • goals are:

  • enough jobs

  • healthy environment

  • social teamwork

  • - use the earth‘s resources efficiently

  • Agenda Forum – combination of representatives

  • from social groups and organisations


The Action Areas in Berlin are: demand

  • transport/ mobility

  • climate protection

  • social urban development/ social cohesion

  • participation of citizens

  • future work, sustainable regional development

  • potential

  • structural change toward an information society

  • education

  • Berlin in One World

  • gender fairness


My main Topic: demand

Sustainable development in public transport

  • vision of Berlin as a city of sustainable mobility

  • - city of minimized transport needs

  • people and goods reach their everyday

  • destinations without problems

  • equal opportunities are available to all genders

  • and social groups

Public and non-motorized transit is attractive,

comfortable, simple to use and is well-adapted to

the routines of everyday life.


The Local Agenda 21 names the following measures: demand

  • increase attractiveness and safety for

  • pedestrians and cyclists

  • increase attractiveness of public transport

  • systems

  • support environmentally-friendly freight

  • transport

  • traffic calming

  • reduction of air traffic


2.4 Berlin public transport demand

  • Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB) –

  • system of collaboration between the various

  • public transport providers

  • 3.3 million passengers in Berlin

  • 1.7 million passengers in Brandenburg

  • Berlin – S-Bahn and BVG



  • now existing 331 km have been refurbished

  • during the last decade

  • S-Bahn serves the city area of Berlin

  • connects it with the surrounding region

  • rapid city transport system provides high

  • transport capacities

  • is able to move large flows of traffic over

  • large distances at high speeds

  • about 1 million passengers use the 16 lines

  • every day


2.4.2 BVG – Berlin Transport Company demand

The BVG provides subways, buses, trams

and ferries.

U – Bahn (Subway)


  • well-known for its high levels of performance

  • emphasis on environmental responsibility

  • nine subway lines – 152 kilometers


Buses demand


  • 1929 – more than 620 buses

  • today:

  • 150 daytime bus lines

  • 54 night lines

  • length of the Berlin bus network amounts to

  • 1626 kilometers during the day

  • in the inner city are special bus lanes –

  • can only be used by buses, taxis and bicycles


1898 demand

Trams

2005


  • 187.7 km of tram tracks in Berlin

  • Trams feature

  • - outstanding speed

  • safety

  • punctuality

  • reliability

The environmental friendliness of the trams is

especially important for the highly polluted

inner city.


2.4.3 Umweltkarte – Environment Ticket demand

  • the VBB offers the Umweltkarte (Environment

  • Ticket) available as a monthly or yearly pass

  • you can use buses, trams, subways, urban trains

  • and ferries

  • the Environment Ticket is very cheap, compared

  • to buying day tickets, can used around the clock

  • pass is transferrable

  • on weekdays from 8 pm to 3 am and on weekends

  • you can take along one adult or three children

  • free of charge

  • for a small charge you can take along your bike


2 5 conclusion
2.5 Conclusion demand

  • The share of motorized individual transport in Berlin is still too high. Especially the inner city area must be relieved from burdens of traffic conditions such as noise and exhaust fumes. The City Administration has developed different plans supporting non-motorized transport.


Some of the measures are
Some of the measures are: demand

- „bike + ride“ facilities at rail and subway stations

- „park + ride“ facilities

- transport of bikes on trams and trains

- priority signaling for trams …

The catalogue of measures must still be developed further with respect of sustainability.



You can be a hero without devastating the earth
YOU CAN BE A HERO WITHOUT DEVASTATING THE EARTH. demand

Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux


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