Strategic Human Resource Management in Europe. Catherine Voynnet Fourboul . Introduction & objectives. to understand what means International Human Resource Management, the specificity of Europe
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Catherine Voynnet Fourboul
Issues of HRM
Culture & acculturationTowards a definition of International Human Resource Management
Enterprises / local, institutional, cultural environment
Enterprises / local, institutional, cultural environment / international environment
Enterprises / international environment
Local / international environment
Source: Redding S. G. (1994), Comparative Management Theory: Jungle, Zoo or Fossil Bed ?, Organization studies, vol. 15, n° 3.
Net World Order
Spread of English
Third world periphery
Shifting political axes
Source : World investment report, 1996, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Types of international strategies Source : Michael E. Porter, Competition in Global Industries, Harvard Business School Press, BOSTON , 1986
affil to affil + affil to par + par to affil
affil sales + par exports
Source: Brewster C. (1995), Towards a “European” Model of Human Resource Management, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 26, n° 1.
National cultures impact
Adapted from Adler N. J (1984), Understanding the way of understanding, in Farmer R. N. [ed.], Advances in International Comparative Management, pp. 34-35.
Adapted from Hofstede G. (1993), Culture Constraints in Management Theories, Academy of Management Executive, vol. 7, n° 1.
Source: Naulleau G., Criccom J. H. (1993), A comparison of French and British Management Cultures, Management Education and Development, vol. 24, pp. 14-25
Source: Beardwell I., Holden L. (1997), Human Resource Management: A contemporary perspective, Pitman, pp. 695
Flux and transformation
Instruments of dominationMetaphors and images
Morgan G., 1986, Images of Organization
Placeor product departmentalization
Product / divisional Structure
HRM functions Scenario :
Euro managers are able to think European
"glocalized" in their attitudes and behavior
understand local nuances in tastes and preferences
manage people of a different cultural heritage and nationality in a flexible way
bring a diverse team together
learn at least one foreign languageEuro managers
More restricted employer autonomy
Role of 'social partners'
Emphasis on workers
on the group
on the individual
Emphasis on managers
The wild west