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SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM GUIDELINES SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM The Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) was established to provide a means for libraries to submit subject headings and classification numbers to the Library of Congress. SACO: REQUIREMENTS

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SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM

  • The Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) was established to provide a means for libraries to submit subject headings and classification numbers to the Library of Congress.


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SACO: REQUIREMENTS

  • There are only two basic requirements for libraries to contribute subject heading proposals or changes for inclusion in Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)


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SACO: REQUIREMENTS

1. Participants should have access to the online Library of Congress authority files, both for name authorities and subject authorities.


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SACO: REQUIREMENTS

2. Required documentation for subject headings:

  • Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) current editions and updates


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SACO: REQUIREMENTS

  • SUBJECT CATALOGING MANUAL: Subject Headings

  • FREE‑FLOATING SUBDIVISIONS: An Alphabetical Index


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • Required documentation for classification numbers:

    • SUBJECT CATALOGING MANUAL: Classification

    • Library of Congress Classification Schedules (including additions and ahanges); or

    • OR

    • the commercially available versions of the schedules


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • SUBMISSION OF PROPOSALS

  • Proposal form available on the SACO home page

  • paper form available from LC


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • Proposals are reviewed for editorial consistency by staff at the Library of Congress and, once reviewed, become part of LCSH or the LC Classification schedules


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SACO: TRAINING

  • SACO workshops are offered by the Library of Congress either in conjunction with library-related meetings or conferences

  • or on demand by contacting the Coop Team Leader at: [email protected]


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • GUIDELINES for filling in the subject proposal form


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL

  • 040 Requestor's MARC identification symbol

  • Geographic subdivision

    • 008: 2._______ i = May Subd Geog


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • If you are unable to determine this or think that the heading should not be divided geographically leave it blank

  • (cf. SCM H 194 and H 364)


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • 053 Library of Congress Classification Number (LC CALL NUMBER or LCC)

    • 053: For guidance on when to assign and when not to assign a number to a heading, please refer to SCM H 365.


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • Heading

  • 1xx (150, 151, 110, or 130)


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • Cross References

  • For further guidance in which form and how references should be constructed, please refer to SCM H 195 and SCM H 373.


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • Broader Term (BT) & Related Term (RT) References

  • 5XX: Most subject headings will need a broader term reference.

    • cf. SCM H 370

  • Most subject headings do not need related term references.

    • CF. SCM H 370


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • 670 Sources found

  • Include at least one other beyond item in hand

  • Include citations to reference works and information to justify the heading or references being added, changed, or deleted.

    • cf. SCM H 200, H 202, and H 203).


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SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM

  • 680 Scope Notes

  • Include in this area the text of a note to define or limit the use of a particular heading.

    • cf. SCM H 400.


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • THINGS TO REMEMBER WHEN SUBMITTING A SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL


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SACO: Things to remember

  • Proposed heading does not duplicate an existing heading or reference

    • i.e., heading not already established in another form or is not covered by a free-floating construction.


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SACO: Things to remember

  • A value has been provided for in FIXED FIELD box 2 [may subd. geog] or [not subd. geog]


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SACO: Things to remember

  • MARC identification code symbol of contributing library is provided in 040.


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SACO: Things to remember

  • References (4XXs) are in alphabetical order and do not conflict with existing headings

  • 5XXs are labelled BT (subfield $w gnnn) or RT (subfield $w nnnn)


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SACO: Things to remember

  • 5XXs are currently valid headings in the subject authority file, OR that

  • For each 5XX not established in the subject authority file an additional subject proposal accompanies the original proposal


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SACO: Things to remember

  • For each related term (RT) 5XX a subject change proposal accompanies the original proposal with the instruction to ADD the proposed heading as a related term


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SACO: Things to remember

  • When establishing a new heading that is an intermediate term in a hierarchy, remember to add the new heading as a BT to any existing narrower headings


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SACO: Things to remember

  • The work generating the proposal is cited as the 1st 670 (repeat the proposed heading in the 670 if necessary)


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SACO: Things to remember

  • Add 670s or 675s to show research.

    • For topics limited to a specific discipline, authorities cited should be specific to the field (cf. H 203).

    • Authorities cited should apply specifically to the proposed heading as a whole not just to one word or element.

    • Cite general references sources for general concepts (e.g., Web. 3, OED).


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • Relevant LC pattern provided (952) or SCM memo cited.


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SACO: GUIDELINES: USE OF PATTERNS:

Patterns should only be cited to substantiate:

1. A topic with an adjectival qualifier (to demonstrate that the heading in question has been analogously qualified and that the qualifier has been used )


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SACO: GUIDELINES: USE OF PATTERNS

  • Example:

    • 150 -0 Propaganda, Zimbabwean

    • 952 LC Pattern: Propaganda, West German and Poets, Zimbabwean


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SACO: GUIDELINES : USE OF PATTERNS

2. When establishing a non-free-floating subdivision

  • Example:

    • 150 -0 Church buildings--Remodeling for other use

    • 952 LC Pattern: Service stations--Remodeling for other use


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

3. When establishing a "... and ..." or "... in ..." headings or headings always constructed according to a standard pattern


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

  • Example:

    • 150 0 National characteristics, Brazilian, in literature

    • 952 LC Pattern: National characteristics, Latin American, in literature


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

4. When establishing a heading with a parenthetical qualifier

  • Example:

    • 150 -0 Cheesecake (Cookery)

    • 952 LC Pattern: Brownies (Cookery)


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

  • Patterns are cited only to demonstrate previous usage of the qualifier

  • NOT in lieu of appropriate authority for the substantive portion of the heading.


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

  • Patterns should be truly analogous.

  • Example:

    • 150 -0 Australia in motion pictures

    • 952 LC Pattern: Great Britain in motion pictures


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

  • Not: 952 LC Pattern: Lesbian vampires in motion pictures

  • It is not necessary to cite patterns for changes.


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SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

  • Be wary of citing older subject headings as patterns (esp. sh85 prefixed hdgs.)

  • Other than in the 4 cases above, it is not necessary to cite patterns at all -- cite the SCM memo instead!


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SACO: GUIDELINES

  • LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS


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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS

  • An non-interactive form for proposed LC classification numbers is available on the SACO home page.


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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS

  • To use this form, view it, print it, fill it in, and fax it to the Coop Team at (202) 707-2824.


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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS

  • Concise guidelines for filling out the form are also available.

  • Basic documentation:

    • LC Subject Cataloging Manual (SCM): Classification F 50


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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS

  • Classification proposals that appear to involve major or complex development should be discussed the Coop liaison.