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SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM GUIDELINES SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM The Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) was established to provide a means for libraries to submit subject headings and classification numbers to the Library of Congress. SACO: REQUIREMENTS

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subject authority cooperative program2
SUBJECT AUTHORITY COOPERATIVE PROGRAM
  • The Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) was established to provide a means for libraries to submit subject headings and classification numbers to the Library of Congress.
saco requirements
SACO: REQUIREMENTS
  • There are only two basic requirements for libraries to contribute subject heading proposals or changes for inclusion in Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
saco requirements4
SACO: REQUIREMENTS

1. Participants should have access to the online Library of Congress authority files, both for name authorities and subject authorities.

saco requirements5
SACO: REQUIREMENTS

2. Required documentation for subject headings:

  • Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) current editions and updates
saco requirements6
SACO: REQUIREMENTS
  • SUBJECT CATALOGING MANUAL: Subject Headings
  • FREE‑FLOATING SUBDIVISIONS: An Alphabetical Index
saco guidelines
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • Required documentation for classification numbers:
    • SUBJECT CATALOGING MANUAL: Classification
    • Library of Congress Classification Schedules (including additions and ahanges); or
    • OR
    • the commercially available versions of the schedules
saco guidelines8
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • SUBMISSION OF PROPOSALS
  • Proposal form available on the SACO home page
  • paper form available from LC
saco guidelines9
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • Proposals are reviewed for editorial consistency by staff at the Library of Congress and, once reviewed, become part of LCSH or the LC Classification schedules
saco training
SACO: TRAINING
  • SACO workshops are offered by the Library of Congress either in conjunction with library-related meetings or conferences
  • or on demand by contacting the Coop Team Leader at: [email protected]
subject heading proposal form
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • GUIDELINES for filling in the subject proposal form
subject heading proposal
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL
  • 040 Requestor\'s MARC identification symbol
  • Geographic subdivision
    • 008: 2._______ i = May Subd Geog
subject heading proposal form13
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • If you are unable to determine this or think that the heading should not be divided geographically leave it blank
  • (cf. SCM H 194 and H 364)
subject heading proposal form14
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • 053 Library of Congress Classification Number (LC CALL NUMBER or LCC)
    • 053: For guidance on when to assign and when not to assign a number to a heading, please refer to SCM H 365.
subject heading proposal form15
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • Heading
  • 1xx (150, 151, 110, or 130)
subject heading proposal form16
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • Cross References
  • For further guidance in which form and how references should be constructed, please refer to SCM H 195 and SCM H 373.
subject heading proposal form17
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • Broader Term (BT) & Related Term (RT) References
  • 5XX: Most subject headings will need a broader term reference.
    • cf. SCM H 370
  • Most subject headings do not need related term references.
    • CF. SCM H 370
subject heading proposal form18
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • 670 Sources found
  • Include at least one other beyond item in hand
  • Include citations to reference works and information to justify the heading or references being added, changed, or deleted.
    • cf. SCM H 200, H 202, and H 203).
subject heading proposal form19
SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL FORM
  • 680 Scope Notes
  • Include in this area the text of a note to define or limit the use of a particular heading.
    • cf. SCM H 400.
saco guidelines20
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • THINGS TO REMEMBER WHEN SUBMITTING A SUBJECT HEADING PROPOSAL
saco things to remember
SACO: Things to remember
  • Proposed heading does not duplicate an existing heading or reference
    • i.e., heading not already established in another form or is not covered by a free-floating construction.
saco things to remember22
SACO: Things to remember
  • A value has been provided for in FIXED FIELD box 2 [may subd. geog] or [not subd. geog]
saco things to remember23
SACO: Things to remember
  • MARC identification code symbol of contributing library is provided in 040.
saco things to remember24
SACO: Things to remember
  • References (4XXs) are in alphabetical order and do not conflict with existing headings
  • 5XXs are labelled BT (subfield $w gnnn) or RT (subfield $w nnnn)
saco things to remember25
SACO: Things to remember
  • 5XXs are currently valid headings in the subject authority file, OR that
  • For each 5XX not established in the subject authority file an additional subject proposal accompanies the original proposal
saco things to remember26
SACO: Things to remember
  • For each related term (RT) 5XX a subject change proposal accompanies the original proposal with the instruction to ADD the proposed heading as a related term
saco things to remember27
SACO: Things to remember
  • When establishing a new heading that is an intermediate term in a hierarchy, remember to add the new heading as a BT to any existing narrower headings
saco things to remember28
SACO: Things to remember
  • The work generating the proposal is cited as the 1st 670 (repeat the proposed heading in the 670 if necessary)
saco things to remember29
SACO: Things to remember
  • Add 670s or 675s to show research.
    • For topics limited to a specific discipline, authorities cited should be specific to the field (cf. H 203).
    • Authorities cited should apply specifically to the proposed heading as a whole not just to one word or element.
    • Cite general references sources for general concepts (e.g., Web. 3, OED).
saco guidelines30
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • Relevant LC pattern provided (952) or SCM memo cited.
saco guidelines use of patterns
SACO: GUIDELINES: USE OF PATTERNS:

Patterns should only be cited to substantiate:

1. A topic with an adjectival qualifier (to demonstrate that the heading in question has been analogously qualified and that the qualifier has been used )

saco guidelines use of patterns32
SACO: GUIDELINES: USE OF PATTERNS
  • Example:
    • 150 -0 Propaganda, Zimbabwean
    • 952 LC Pattern: Propaganda, West German and Poets, Zimbabwean
saco guidelines use of patterns33
SACO: GUIDELINES : USE OF PATTERNS

2. When establishing a non-free-floating subdivision

  • Example:
    • 150 -0 Church buildings--Remodeling for other use
    • 952 LC Pattern: Service stations--Remodeling for other use
saco guidelines on use of patterns
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

3. When establishing a "... and ..." or "... in ..." headings or headings always constructed according to a standard pattern

saco guidelines on use of patterns35
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS
  • Example:
    • 150 0 National characteristics, Brazilian, in literature
    • 952 LC Pattern: National characteristics, Latin American, in literature
saco guidelines on use of patterns36
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS

4. When establishing a heading with a parenthetical qualifier

  • Example:
    • 150 -0 Cheesecake (Cookery)
    • 952 LC Pattern: Brownies (Cookery)
saco guidelines on use of patterns37
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS
  • Patterns are cited only to demonstrate previous usage of the qualifier
  • NOT in lieu of appropriate authority for the substantive portion of the heading.
saco guidelines on use of patterns38
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS
  • Patterns should be truly analogous.
  • Example:
    • 150 -0 Australia in motion pictures
    • 952 LC Pattern: Great Britain in motion pictures
saco guidelines on use of patterns39
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS
  • Not: 952 LC Pattern: Lesbian vampires in motion pictures
  • It is not necessary to cite patterns for changes.
saco guidelines on use of patterns40
SACO: GUIDELINES on USE OF PATTERNS
  • Be wary of citing older subject headings as patterns (esp. sh85 prefixed hdgs.)
  • Other than in the 4 cases above, it is not necessary to cite patterns at all -- cite the SCM memo instead!
saco guidelines41
SACO: GUIDELINES
  • LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS
library of congress classification proposals
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS
  • An non-interactive form for proposed LC classification numbers is available on the SACO home page.
library of congress classification proposals43
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS
  • To use this form, view it, print it, fill it in, and fax it to the Coop Team at (202) 707-2824.
library of congress classification proposals44
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS
  • Concise guidelines for filling out the form are also available.
  • Basic documentation:
    • LC Subject Cataloging Manual (SCM): Classification F 50
library of congress classification proposals45
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION PROPOSALS
  • Classification proposals that appear to involve major or complex development should be discussed the Coop liaison.