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Parallel Structure PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Parallel Structure What is Parallel Structure? Parallel structure involves putting together elements of similar structure to achieve balanced writing Winston Churchill did not say I have nothing to offer but bleed ing , toil, tears, and sweat ing He said

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Parallel Structure

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Parallel structure l.jpg

Parallel Structure


What is parallel structure l.jpg

What is Parallel Structure?

  • Parallel structure involves putting together elements of similar structure to achieve balanced writing

  • Winston Churchill did not say

    • I have nothing to offer but bleeding, toil, tears, and sweating

  • He said

    • I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat

  • Churchill understood parallelism


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Parallel Structure

  • Good parallel structure improves the clarity of your writing

  • To make your writing parallel, use the same grammatical form for all items in a list

  • Lists can be any of these things:

    • Parts of a sentence

    • Headings in a report

    • Items in a resume

    • Bulleted lists


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Parallel Structure In Sentences

  • Poor: Betty has intelligence, honesty, and she is funny

  • Improved: Betty has intelligence, honesty, and she is funny humour

  • Poor: Good writing requires you to plan outlines, write several drafts, and revision

  • Improved: Good writing requires you to plan outlines, write several drafts, and revision revise your work


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Parallel Structure in Lists

  • Poor: I left my job for several reasons:

    • The pay was poor

    • Long hours

    • I found the work tedious

    • Equipment was dangerous

  • Improved: I left my job for several reasons:

    • Poor pay

    • Long hours

    • Tedious work

    • Dangerous equipment


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Parallel Structure in Headings

  • Poor:

    • Identifying your Purpose

    • Audience Analysis

    • The Importance of Outlines

    • Prepare a Draft

    • How to Revise your Work

  • Improved:

    • Identify your Purpose

    • Analyze your Audience

    • Write an Outline

    • Prepare a Draft

    • Revise your Work


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