Defintions. Remember the definitions are the first rule of the book
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1. National Federation Spirit Rules 2010 - 2011
High School Rules Interpretation
2. Defintions Remember the definitions are the first rule of the book – Rule 1
The definitions help to explain the rule
3. Rules Changes for 2010 2-1-15
An athlete who exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with a concussion (such as a loss of consciousness, headache, dizziness, confusion, or balance problems) shall be immediately removed from the contest and shall not return to play until cleared by an appropriate health care professional. (See guidelines for management of a concussion)
4. Rules Changes for 2010 2-2-8 Support, braces, etc. which are hard and unyielding or have rough edges or surfaces must be padded with a closed-cell, slow recovery foam padding no less than ½” thick. Padded knee and ankle braces which are unaltered from the manufacturer’s original design/production do not require any additional padding. A person wearing a cast (Excluding a properly covered air cast) must not be involved in a stunt.
5. Rules changes for 2010 2-6-7 Add exception: 1 ¼ twist are permitted from side facing stunts.
(Twist cradles from side-facing stunts present only minimally more risk than single twists. The extra ¼ turn allows the flyer to face forward before completing the rotation. This change is consistent with 2-13-2 which allows for the extra quarter turn in double twisting cradles.)
6. Rules Changes for 2010 Suspended splits involving bracer(s) that originate at any height and drop to any level are legal provided all the following conditions are met:
A. The flyer has both hands in contact with the bracers.
B. The flyer does not become inverted.
C. The flyer has at least two bases.
Cont. on the next slide.
7. Rules Changes for 2010 Suspended Splits involving bracer(s):
D. The flyer and bracer(s) each have a separate spotter. Exception: Bracer(s) in shoulder sits and thigh stands.
E. In suspended splits in which the flyer is not released by the bases, the bracer(s) must maintain hand/arm contact with the flyer until she/he is no longer in a split position.
Cont. on the next slide.
8. Rules Changes for 2010 Suspended splits involving bracer(s):
F. In suspended splits in which the flyer is released by the bases, the release must be a continuous vertical up and down movement in which the flyer remains over the base(s). The bracers must maintain hand/arm contact with the flyer during the entire loss of contact with the bases. (Note: See 2 – 12 -1)
Remember bracers are frequently used in many stunts. This rule allows for a flyer in a suspended split to have contact with a bracer rather than the bases.
9. Rules Changes for 2009 - 2010 Rule 2 – 4 – 7h
A spotter is required for stunts in which the supporting arm(s) of the base(s) is (are) fully extended above the head, except for the following:
Exceptions are listed
“A triple base Swedish fall provided all three bases face the flyer.”
10. Rule Changes for 2009 - 2010 Rule 2-6-2b
For all cradle dismounts, the catchers must have continuous visual contact with the flyer.
For all cradle dismounts, the flyer must not hold props (sign, etc.) that are made of solid material, and have corners or sharp edges.
11. Rules Changes for 2009 - 2010 Rule 2-10-5
Toe/leg pitches to a jump or tumbling skill are illegal.
Take out “suspended roll”. This clarifies the intent of last year’s rule change permitting a forward suspended roll from the performing surface.
12. Reminder: All teams are reminded that all GHSA rules and NFHS rules for cheerleading apply to all cheerleading teams – basketball, football, competition ... Rules apply during practice, while performing, while cheerleading and for competition.
13. Basketball Cheerleading GHSA – No stunting or tumbling are allowed at basketball games. Please watch for wording on the release of this new rule.
14. Concerns for 2008 Rule 2-2-1
Jewelry must not be worn except for religious or medical medals which shall be taped to the body (without the chain) under the uniform.
Basketball cheer teams are reminded that basketball cheerleaders cannot wear jewelry of any kind while cheering, practicing, or performing.
15. Concerns for 2008 Rules 2-2-4
Apparel and accessories must be appropriate for the activity involved to minimize risk for the participants. Cheer team members must wear athletic shoes (not gymnastics slippers).
Reports of inappropriate and suggestive uniforms worn while performing.
16. Concerns for 2009 Rule 2-2-7
Glitter is not allowed by GHSA Rules
This is an exception to the NFHS rules and everyone is reminded that a cheerleader should not wear glitter or have glitter on their body at any time.
17. Concerns For 2008 Rule 2-3
All partner stunts and pyramids are limited to two levels high. The person (flyer) receives primary support from one or more bases who is/are in direct weight bearing contact with the performing surface.
Be aware that the primary support has to be provided by a base who is standing on the floor. That base cannot be a flyer or at the second level.
18. Concerns for 2008 Rule 2-4-5
A spotter’s arms and hands must be in one of the following positions:
Hands grasping the wrist(s)/forearms of the bases
Hands touching or grasping the ankle(s)/lower leg(s) of the flyer
Arms lifted toward the flyer’s head and shoulders (if not touching either the flyer or the base). Note: In ready position to assist.
19. Concern for 2008 Rule 2-4-6
A spotter must not:
Grasp the sole of the flyer’s foot
Grasp the base(s) under the flyer’s foot.
Place her/his torso underneath the stunt.
Note: Can a spotter touch the back of a flyers shoe? Yes, if not under the foot or heel and in a safe position to spot the head, neck and shoulders.
20. Rule 2-4-5 and 2-4-6 continued Interpretation:
Remember the spotter’s hand(s) cannot be under the foot of the flyer.
Remember the spotter’s hand(s) cannot be touching the hand of the bases.
Remember that the spotter can touch the back of the shoe but not under it.
The spotter must be in a position to react quickly, attentive to the stunt and the flyer, able to protect the head, neck, and shoulders of the flyer.
21. Rule 2-4-5 and 2-4-6 continued All extended stunts must have a spotter (look for all exceptions under rule 2-4-7).
Spotting rules apply to the main spot.
NOTE: If an extended stunt needs four bases, the extra spot (usually in the front of a stunt and not the primary spot – example extension held by four bases – one being in the front of the stunt) may place their hands under the foot of the flyer, under the hands of the bases, and in a position that is safe and does not interfere with the building or dismount of the stunt.
22. Rules to be aware of: Rule 2-6-1
Dismounts to the performing surface from shoulder height or above just have assisted landings.
Note: Extension prep level is considered shoulder height. Rule 2-6-3
Neither bases nor catchers shall move during dismounts except for safety purposes.
Note: Do not choreograph in movement of bases or spots during a dismount. Cradles must be complete.
23. Rules to be aware of: Check the NFHS Spirit Rules Book for specific rules referring to when spots are needed.
2-6-8 Check the NFHS Spirit Rules Book for specific rules referring to when a skill can be performed during a dismount.
24. Please remember to keep the definition of inverted in mind when determining if a stunt is illegal.
Inverted is defined as a position in which the flyers shoulders are below his/her waist.
25. Rules to be aware of: Dismounts cannot pass through an inverted position. The only exception is the suspended roll.
See Rule 2-9-1 for rules concerning forward suspended rolls. Remember the rules did allow for the forward suspended roll to be initiated from the floor. The change occurred in 2008.
26. Rules to be aware of: Rule 2-8-1
A participant may not move over or under a partner stunt or pyramid.
Be aware that moving under the body of the flyer in a second level stunt is a violation of this rule. Rule 2-8-3
In braced partner stunts/pyramids, at least one of the bracers of each pair must be at shoulder height or below.
There are 3 exceptions including three extensions bracing – hands touching.
However, a liberty bracing two extensions or one extension would be illegal.
27. Rules to be aware of: Rule 2-8-2
This rule addresses inverted mounts.
The inverted mount must go directly to a
non-inverted stunt at shoulder height or below.
There must be base or spotter who protects the head/shoulders area of the flyer.
The base or spotter must maintain contact with the flyer from the inverted position until the flyer is no longer inverted.
28. To determine if an inverted stunt is legal ask: Is the flyer in a weight-bearing inverted position on the floor before the base(s) take her/his weight?
Is the flyer moved immediately into a non-inverted position/stunt shoulder height or below?
Is there someone (base or spot) who is in a position to protect the flyer’s head and neck if she bobbles/falls? Weight bearing on the floor – handstand/ cartwheel; non-inverted position at shoulder height – prep position/half; spot can be on the side or in position where they can catch or assist as needed.Weight bearing on the floor – handstand/ cartwheel; non-inverted position at shoulder height – prep position/half; spot can be on the side or in position where they can catch or assist as needed.
29. Partner Stunts and Pyramids Please refer to each rule to determine if you are executing the stunt correctly. These rules have not changed for 2009 – 2010.
2-8-4 Hanging Pyramids
2-8-5, 2-8-6, 2-8-7, 2-8-9 Pendulums
2-8-10 Totem Poles
2-8-11 Swinging Stunts
2-8-12, 2-8-13, 2-8-14 Suspended splits
30. Rules to be aware of: Tosses
Toss rules remain the same 2-10
Be aware that tosses must be executed on an appropriate surface. The basketball court is not an appropriate surface.
Basket tosses are a high level skill and should only be executed by teams who have the skill/ability to do and the coach has a full understanding of how a toss is executed.
31. Release Stunts These are defined as stunts where the bases/spot fully release the flyer.
Refer to Rule 2-10 (tosses) and 2-11 (helicopters, log rolls
32. To determine if a Release Stunts is legal ask: Is the flyer directed vertically and caught by the original bases? Required
Do any participants pass over or under other participants? Illegal if they do.
Do the tossers/catchers remain in their original positions? Required
Does the flyer become inverted? Illegal
Note see individual rules for each type of stunt.
33. Transitional Stunts Transitional Stunts are defined as stunts where the flyer moves from one stunt to another and it may involve changing bases.
Refer to rule 2-12
Loss of Contact – same bases Rule 2-12-1, a-i
Transition changing bases Rule 2-11-2
34. Two types of Transitional Stunts: 1. Loss of contact: The flyer has a total loss of contact with her bases while remaining braced at the second level. (Rule NFHS 2-12-1, a-i) Example: Tick-Tock
2. Change of bases: The flyer moves from one set of bases to another set of bases. (Rule NFHS 2-12-2)
35. To determine if a loss of contact Transition is legal ask: Is the flyer braced by at least one bracer during the entire loss of contact from her/his bases?
Does the flyer become inverted? This would be illegal.
How many bases are there? See rule 2-12-1c.
Is there a separate spotter for the flyer and each bracer?
36. To determine if a loss of contact transition is legal ask: 5. Are the spotters paying attention to the correct flyer? Does the flyer provide primary support? This would be illegal 2-4-1
6. Is the loss of contact continuous up and down movement? The flyer must remain over her own bases and move directly up and then down. She cannot move to the side or transition to new bases when implementing this rule.
37. To determine if a loss of contact transition is legal: 7. Does the flyer’s center of gravity remain over her bases? This is the up and down movement.
8. Does the flyer return to the same bases?
9. Is the flyer released to a toss? 2-12-1h Illegal
38. Vaults Defined: A stunt in which the hands of the flyer are used to assist in clearing a base(s).
Vaults cannot involve head over heels rotation – become inverted. (NFHS – Rule 2-14)
Can a vault move backward over the spot?
*** RULE CHANGE: The Vault when moving in the backward motion has been interpreted to be a Transitional Stunt. By placing this stunt in the Transitional Stunt (2-12-2) category, it now becomes illegal to land in a horizontal position. In any vault in which the flyer goes in a backward direction over the back spot the flyer must remain in a vertical position.
Stunt has been updated on the http://www.ghsacheerleading.com/
39. Vaults Can the vault be done to the same bases who move? Yes, if the post/spot is the person who is holding the hands of the flyer as they transition.
Can a vault land in a horizontal position? No, See Rule 2-12-2.
(**You will note that Rule 12 has changed in the new Rules Book.)
40. Ghsacheerleading.com When in doubt check the web site for rules interpretations and explanations.
Check video examples on the web site.
Check for up-to-date information.
Check messages for spirit coaches.
41. Sportsmanship Sportsmanship is common sense: Conduct yourselves in a manner that you would expect others to conduct themselves.
Respect other coaches, teams, and officials as well as fans.
Do not bait or taunt another team.
42. Sportsmanship Please see the sportsmanship statement that should be read at all GHSA events. It is located on page 14 in your GHSA Cheerleading Manual.
Please see the guide for Basketball Coaches in the Manual and on the ghsacheerleading.com web site.