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MIDDLE AGES …. church dominance. EARLY RENAISSANCE..... Experimentation Heaven to earth centered thought HIGH RENAISSANCE … Creative explosion Domination of Da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo Balance, control, reason. RENAISSANCE OF THE NORTH. Protestant Reformation

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middle ages church dominance
MIDDLEAGES….church dominance

EARLY RENAISSANCE.....

  • Experimentation
  • Heaven to earth centered thought

HIGH RENAISSANCE…

  • Creative explosion
  • Domination of Da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo
  • Balance, control, reason
renaissance of the north
RENAISSANCE OF THE NORTH
  • Protestant Reformation
  • Artist as individual (Durer)

MANNERISM

  • Academic…imitation
  • Free…original expressions
  • Restless, anxious, distortion, uncertainty, unusual colors
baroque
BAROQUE…
  • Change…political, scientific, philosophical, artistic
  • Counter-reformation
  • Passion, exuberance, “over-decorated wedding cake”
  • Rubens, Rembrandt
slide4
ROCOCO…
  • Art for the aristocracy
  • Artificial, frivolous

NEO-CLASSIC...

  • Perfection
  • Controlled by academies
  • Age of Enlightenment

ROMANTIC…

  • Revolutionary
slide5
REALISM…
  • The Truth

IMPRESSIONISM…

  • Experiments with light, color, and atmosphere
  • Advances in technology…portable canvas & paints
  • Monet
post impressionism
Post-Impressionism
  • First art to concentrate on a psychological perception of reality
  • Differs from other art in that it…
  • Simplifies
  • Omits Details
  • Concentrates on the significance of form
slide7
Term Post-Impressionism loosely applies to artists between Impressionism and Pre-Modern
  • Labels now apply to ATTITUDE and to STYLE
  • By 1910…three main categories were obvious:
          • Expressionism
          • Abstractionism
          • Fantastic art
  • Each of these categories were established by a major artist: Van Gogh, Cezanne, Gauguin
two peak periods from 1886 1905
Two Peak Periods (from 1886-1905)
  • Question before…What does this painting represent?
  • Question now…What does this painting make us feel?
  • “A painting should have more in common with a piece of music than with a photograph”
minor post impressionists
“Minor” Post-Impressionists
  • Seurat
  • Toulouse-Latrec
  • Rousseau
paul cezanne
PAUL CEZANNE
  • Recluse…perfectionist
  • “Father” of Modern Art
  • Indifferent to “correct” art
  • “the artist’s task is to represent…NOT to reproduce…nature”
  • ….”make of Impressionism something solid”
paul cezanne cont
PAUL CEZANNE cont.
  • “….look for the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone”
  • art was a “visual research problem”
  • 1883…”bones of nature”
  • An artist must distort whatever in nature does not fit his/her concept of beauty
  • Cezanne must be studied for a long time
paul gauguin
PAUL GAUGUIN
  • Vocal, flamboyant, recognized
  • Wanted freedom…journeyed around the world in his search…wanted to return to the natural BUT with a modern expression
  • Became recognized as a symbolist and a liberator of color
gauguin cont
Gauguin cont.
  • Gauguin’s art aims at five qualities:
      • Ideational
      • Symbolist
      • Synthesis
      • Subjective
      • Decorative
      • Strong, selfish personality
vincent van gogh
VINCENT VAN GOGH
  • ENTIRE LIFE A SEARCH FOR SELF AND SELF-EXPRESSION
  • Ten years of creative activity…completed three phrases:
    • a) August 1880-February 1886
    • b) February 1886-February 1888
    • c) February 1888-July 1890
early life
EARLY LIFE
  • Father: Minister of a Dutch Reformed Church
  • Van Gogh Family: Art and Religion
  • Brother Theo born 1857
  • Age of 15, first job…
  • Eugenie Loyer
  • Tried teaching
  • Worked in bookshop
  • Studied Theology
slide20
Religious work…Belgium
  • Returned home

PHASE I

  • 1880…Studied art
  • 1881…Cousin Kee
  • Hand in flame incident
  • Clasina Maria Hoornik (Sien)
  • 1883…Returned to Parents
  • Margot Begemann
  • Opposition to marriage
slide21
1885…Death of Father
  • First interest in artwork
  • First exhibit in August, 1885
  • Antwerp…Starvation
  • Interest in Japanese woodcuts
japonisme craze for all things japanese
JAPONISMECraze for all things Japanese

1867 … Paris Exposition Universelle

  • Embraced by the public
  • Japanese woodblock prints of particular interest to Impressionists and Post Impressionists
  • 1885 … Van Gogh began collecting Japanese prints
  • 1886 … Bing Gallery next door to Van Gogh’s apartment
  • 1887 … Van Gogh began to paint copies of famous Japanese designs
  • 1888 … Arles work shows influence …
  • Letter to sister …
  • “Theo wrote that he offered you Japanese woodblock prints. That is certainly the best way to understand which direction the light and colorful painting has taken. Here I need no Japanese woodblock prints, because I am here in Japan. This is why I only have to open my eyes and paint the impressions that I receive.”
phase ii
PHASE II
  • Moved to Paris
  • Associated with Impressionists
  • November 1887…Met Paul Gauguin
phase iii
PHASE III
  • Moved to Arles
  • Utopian art colony
  • October 23…Gauguin arrives in Arles
  • December 23…Rachel incident
  • March 1889…Townspeople petition
  • April 17…Theo marries Johanna Bonger
  • May 8, 1889…Vincent admitted to mental hospital
  • May 1890…Under care of Dr. Paul Gachet
  • July 27, 1890…Age of 37…shot himself
  • January 25…Death of Theo
legacy
Legacy
  • Don McLean’s song “Vincent”
  • Anne Sexton poem “Starry Night”
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