The Crisis of Authority in the Muslim Middle East. POLS 168 – Politics of the Middle East and North Africa – Fall 2008. A Violent Region. Violence in Iraq Violence in Gaza Violence in Lebanon What unites these crises? Iran? The United States?. The Crisis of Authority.
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The Crisis of Authority in the Muslim Middle East
POLS 168 – Politics of the Middle East and North Africa – Fall 2008
Golden Mosque, Samarra, Iraq
before and after Feb. 22, 2006 attack
Voters in the Turkish parliamentary election, August 2007
The crisis is the core of the al-Qaeda challenge to Middle East regimes.
Turkish election of 2007: AK Party victory
Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood wins 88 seats in parliament -- 2005
Hamas wins the 2006 Palestinian elections
Sunni and Shi’i Islamist parties dominate the Iraqi elections of 2005
The Islamists are divided by sect (Sunni and Shi’a) – sectarian tensions and fighting in Iraq, Lebanon.
The Islamists are divided by strategy: violence of al-Qaeda, electoral politics of Turkish AK Party, mixed strategies elsewhere
Secularists are not really secular – they do not believe in a separation of mosque and state.
But they are not in favor of the complete Islamization of politics, as their Islamist opponents advocate.
The secularists are divided themselves: authoritarian leaders, liberals who see their best hope with the regimes, democrats willing to ally with Islamists
But it usually is.
Arab states with the ability
to control their societies