Introduction to charm
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INTRODUCTION TO CHARM. A SHORT HISTORY of DISASTER MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS IN THE PACIFIC REGION. POST WORLD WAR II / COLD WAR ERA. Developed Countries. CIVIL DEFENCE OR CIVIL PROTECTION. Derived from WW2 model Located in President / PM Office / Internal Affair

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INTRODUCTION TO CHARM

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Introduction to charm

INTRODUCTION TO CHARM

A SHORT HISTORY

of

DISASTER MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS

IN THE PACIFIC REGION


Post world war ii cold war era

POST WORLD WAR II / COLD WAR ERA

Developed

Countries

CIVIL DEFENCE

OR

CIVIL PROTECTION

Derived from WW2 model

Located in President / PM Office / Internal Affair

Protection, Preservation of Civilian Life & Property

PREPARE FOR and RESPOND TO events : P R

Multi disciplinary


Introduction to charm

Early 80,s FORUM

USA

1982–86 Disaster Preparedness Project: Pacific Island Development Project, Honolulu

1988-90 Disaster Preparedness Project: US Agency for International Development, SUVA

Mid 80’s FORUM

1985 Disaster Coordination Unit,

Forum Secretariat, Suva

Late 80’s AUSTRALIA

Pacific Disaster Preparedness Project: Emergency Management Australia

Early 90’s UN

1990-99 UN International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

1994-2000 South Pacific Disaster Reduction Project

Late 90’s FORUM

AUSTRALIA

1995 SOPAC to coordinatee all disaster and risk management functions

1998 AusAID Review

Early Millennium UN

SOPAC & PICs

2000 ISDR

July 2000 DMU Established

2001 CHARM launched


Ndmo core functions 1990 s p pr r

NDMO CORE FUNCTIONS 1990’sPPRR

Major focusP R coordination

q

planning, equipping, training and exercising

qFOCUS on MANAGEMENT IMPACT TYPE EVENTS


Introduction to charm

Limited Input LONG-TERM

Policies, Programmes, Visions

prevention and recovery

Prevention and Recovery DOMAIN of other DEPTS.


Emerging concepts

EMERGING CONCEPTS

RISK MANAGEMENTSAFER COMMUNITIES

INCREASE RESILIENCE – reducing vulnerability

COMMUNITY SUSTAINABILITY – wise management in utilisation of resources

RE-FOCUS:

 Manage broader range of Sources of Risk

Effective Management of Disaster Situation


Introduction to charm

REQUIRES

Whole of Country Approach

All Agencies Interacting

Maintain Credibility

Transparency

Responsibility

Accountability

*INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES


The all hazards whole of country comprehensive approach to hazard and risk management

The All Hazards, Whole ofCountry Comprehensive Approach to Hazard and Risk Management

requires that programmes and processes:

·Address all hazards including natural, human-induced, technological, biological and environmental

·Adopt all appropriate risk treatments, including prevention / mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery


Introduction to charm

  cont’d

Integrate the efforts of all relevant regional and national organisations and agencies, public sector, NGOs, and community organisations

Link to national development planning and decision-making processes / systems

Seek to develop prepared communities with reduced vulnerability to risk and with increased resilience to the impact of hazards and

Seek to strengthen multi-sectoral collaboration and partnerships


Risk management principles

Risk Management Principles

  • Risk management embraces the continuum of activities of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery from disasters.

  • National risk management is government responsibility using existing core decision-making structures of government

  • Declaration of an emergency should be made at an appropriate level of government

  • Everyone is a stakeholder and emergencies is best handled at the district/island level whenever possible

  • Recognising the involvement of all the authoritative spheres of influence within the community


Charm

CHARM

A comprehensive hazard and risk management tool and / or process within the context of an integrated national development planning process.


Principles underpinning charm development

Principles Underpinning CHARM Development

  • (a) Linking CHARM with national development strategies whilst using existing decision-making processes.

  • (b)Developing appropriate communication, consultation and information management systems to facilitate coordination, collaboration, reporting and sharing information within departments, with stakeholders and with the communities.


Introduction to charm

  • Acknowledging that the CHARM approach is a powerful cost saving and easy to use tool in the reduction of risks that is vital to enhancing equitable and sustainable national development through wise use of resources.

  • Ensuring that CHARM is promoted appropriately at the highest level of government particularly with Cabinet, key ministries and national development committees.

  • Ensuring clear articulation in legislations and policies for nation-wide implementation of CHARM.

  • Ensuring that appropriate training filters into agency levels.


Introduction to charm

REGIONAL VISIONVULNERABILITY TO THE EFFECTS OF NATURAL HAZARDS, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE AND OTHER THREATS WILL BE OVERCOME


Introduction to charm

Risk Management Process

ESTABLISHTHE CONTEXT

C

O

M

M

U

N

I

C

A

T

E

A

N

D

C

O

N

S

U

L

T

M

O

N

I

T

O

R

A

N

D

R

E

V

I

E

W

IDENTIFY RISK

ANALYSE RISK

EVALUATE RISK

Yes

Accept

Risk

No

TREAT RISK


Key elements

Key Elements

  • identify and analyse each hazard against national development priorities

  • identify vulnerable sectors and their risk factors in relation to each of the hazards

  • determine the most appropriate treatment options within integrated Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Recovery programs


Key elements1

Key Elements

  • identify what activities or projects are already being implemented or proposed at the country level and by regional organisations

  • identify programming gaps or needs that are not being addressed

  • determine lead responsibilities for managing the implementation of the risk reduction strategy


Outcome of charm

OUTCOME OF CHARM

  • Accepting and identifying “cause-impacts” or risk relations linking significant hazards and their potential adverse, ripple impacts on future growth and development

  • Recognising that risks can be managed

  • Availing a DECISION-MAKING toolfor designing of effective risk management programs

  • Involving all government and NGO resources in inter agency collaboration

  • Analysing role and functions of NDMO & NDMC

  • Identifying linkages / benefits between all the stakeholders


Development goals at country level

Development GoalsatCountry Level

  • Advocate to Senior Executives & Politicians

  • Involve senior key postholders

  • Mainstream into national implementation arrangements


Development requirement regional level

Development RequirementRegional Level

  • Advocate / Promote to and Coordinate with CROP agencies

  • Enhance Region-wide approach and uniform guideline / standard

  • Advocate to and Encourage Proactive Donor support


Implemenation guideline major steps

IMPLEMENATION GUIDELINE : Major Steps

  • Introductory working sessions

  • Sensitising key government ministries and NGO’s

  • Developing an Action Plan

  • Conducting an all agency Workshop

  • Designing the draft support programme

  • Designing the CHARM policy document


Implemenation guideline major steps1

IMPLEMENATION GUIDELINE : Major Steps

  • Conducting a follow-up country meeting

  • Preparing an annual task activity statement

  • Establishing monitoring, review and reporting mechanism


Application

Application

  • SPC – MASLR : Fruit- Fly =>Pest and Disease Threats

  • Foot-and-Mouth; Taro Blight are the most significant threats

  • Draft ERP

  • To in-build Prevention and Recovery Strategies in Work Programmes


Introduction to charm

WATER SUPPLY RISK TREATMENT

EXISTING RISKS at national level for Water Supply

RISK TREATMENT OPTIONS

IMP. AGENCY

SUPPORT AGENCIES

FUNDS

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

SECTORIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

EXISTING MEASURES

GAPS

PRIORITY

National Water Strategy Plan

Ministry of National Planning

Works & Energy

Regional

FAB, Health, MRD, NLTB, Lands, Agriculture

Budget & Donor

National development program

Need to develop water resource sector, multi sectorally

none

Strategy and legislation

(1)

Development of regional and local maps and plans

Ministry of Works

Finance, Town Planning,

Donors, Reg Dev & others

Same as supporting agencies

National development plan / strategy

utilities and infrastructures

In existence

Prioritise for implementation

(2)

Infrastructure Upgrading

Ministry of Works

Finanace

Donors

Public

Planning

Same as Supporting Agencies

As above

In existence

Strengthen & prioritise funding aid

(2)

Public awareness

Works

Education

NDMO, NGO, Health

Donors

Education

Finance

As above

Multi-sectoral approach

None or limited

(1)


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