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INDIA PowerPoint PPT Presentation

INDIA Aparna Karanam OVERVIEW Country in South Asia Seventh largest country by geographical area Second most populous country Largest liberal democracy Coast line of over 7000 km Borders Pakistan to the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan to north-east, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

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INDIA

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INDIA

Aparna Karanam


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OVERVIEW

  • Country in South Asia

  • Seventh largest country by geographical area

  • Second most populous country

  • Largest liberal democracy

  • Coast line of over 7000 km

  • Borders Pakistan to the west, Nepal, China and Bhutan to north-east, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.


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  • Capital: New Delhi

  • Independence Day: Aug 15, 1947

  • Religions: Hinduism (80.5%), Sikhism(2%), Buddhism(0.76%), Islam(16.2%), Christianity(2.43%)

  • Official Name: Bharat

  • Government: Federal Republic

  • Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh

  • President: A P J Abdul Kalam

  • Republic: Jan 26, 1950

  • Official Language: Hindi


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PRIME MIISTER

PRESIDENT


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  • Area: 328,7590 sq km

  • Population: 1103371000

  • Population density: 329/sq km

  • Currency: Rupee

  • 28 states, 7 union territories

  • Sex ratio is 993 females per 1000 males

  • Birthrate is 22 per 1000 births

  • Average literacy rate is 64.4%

  • State with the highest literacy rate is Kerala: 94%


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FATHER OF THE NATION


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ECONOMY

  • Labor force of 496 million out of which 60% is employed in agriculture or agriculture related industries, 17% in main stream industries and 23% in service industries

  • Agricultural products: rice, wheat, oilseed, jute, cotton, tea, sugarcane, potatoes

  • Industries: textile, chemical, food processing, steel, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery


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  • Pronounced growth in Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)

  • Trading Partners: USA, UK, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, UAE, Switzerland, Belgium


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TAJMAHAL


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ANDHRA PRADESH


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BRIEF OVERVIEW

  • State in South India

  • Fourth largest state with an area of 276,754 sq km (accounts for 8.4% of the country’s territory)

  • Population: 75,727,000

  • Population density: 275/sq km

  • Fifth largest state in terms of population

  • Largest and most populous in South India


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  • Rice bowl of India

  • Two rivers and a coast line (972km)

  • Official language: Telugu

  • Formed on Nov 1, 1956 (AP FORMATION DAY)

  • Capital city: Hyderabad

  • Andhra – Leader in battle

    Pradesh – Region


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REGIONS

  • Costa – coastal region

  • Telangana – west (on the plateau)

  • Rayalaseema – southeast

  • 23 districts


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IMPORTANT CITIES

  • Hyderabad – Capital, thriving cosmopolitan city, rich in culture

  • Visakhapatnam – Main port. Shipyards, fisheries, docks and steel works make it the power house

  • Guntur – heart of tobacco, cotton and textile industries

  • Nellore – famous for sea food and quality of rice grown


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LANGUAGES

  • Official language – TELUGU (85%)

  • URDU spoken by muslim population (8%)

  • HINDI (2.65%)


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ECONOMY

  • Gross domestic product in 2005 – $62 billion


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RECENT ECONOMIC PROGRESS

  • Information Technology

  • Biotechnology

  • Pharmaceuticals

  • Business Management

  • Construction


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AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

  • Agriculture is the chief source of income

  • Rice, sugarcane, cotton, chillies and tobacco are the local crops

  • Other: Ground Nut, Jute, Mangoes, Grapes, Guavas, Oilseeds, Turmeric, Bananas

  • Drought hit agricultural sector


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However…

  • One of the top 5 IT exporting states

    (20% of work force)

  • Mineral rich state and ranks second in the country

  • Ranks first in generation of hydro electric power (with a national market share of 11%)


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EDUCATION

  • More than 20 leading Institutes of excellence in higher education

  • Courses: Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Law, Medicine, Business

  • 1330 – Arts, Science and Commerce colleges

  • 268 – Engineering schools

  • 53 – Medical schools


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  • Overall Literacy rate: 60.5%

  • Male literacy rate: 70.3%

  • Female literacy rate: 50.4%

    (A cause for concern)


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POLITICS

  • Congress

  • Telugu Desam Party (TDP)

  • Ruling Party: Congress


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CHIEF MINISTER

(Dr. Rajasekhar Reddy)

GOVERNER

(Mr. Rameswar Thakur)

GOVERNING BODIES


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CULTURE


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MOVIES

  • Maximum number of cinema halls

    (about 2500)

  • Produces 200 movies a year

  • Now houses IMAX theatre with 3D screen


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DANCE

  • Kuchipudi – classical dance


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TEMPLES

  • 10 famous temples

  • Tirupati – World’s second richest


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MUSEUMS

  • Salarjung Museum – varied collection of sculptures, paintings and religious artifacts

  • Visakha Museum – features the history of the pre-independence in a re-habilitated Dutch bungalow


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FESTIVALS

  • Ugadi (Telugu New Year’s day)

  • Sankranti (Festival of kites)

  • Dasara (Celebrates the death of demon)

  • Diwali (Fire works)

  • Holi (Festival of colors)


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TOURISM

  • Home of pilgrim centres

  • One million year old limestone cave, Valleys, Hills, Narrow Gorges and Beaches


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In the Capital City…

  • Mecca Masjid


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  • Charminar


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  • Golconda Fort


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FOOD


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AT A GLANCE…


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Administrative Setup

  • Districts – 23

  • Inhabited Villages – 26586

  • Un-inhabited Villages – 1414

  • Towns – 264

  • Mandals - 1123


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Population

  • Total (in thousands) – 75727

  • Males (in thousands) – 38286

  • Females (in thousands) – 37441

  • Rural (in thousands) – 55224

  • Urban (in thousands) – 20503

  • Density of population (per sq.km) – 275

  • Literacy rate – 61.11%

  • Urban population – 27%

  • Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) - 978


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Employment

  • State Government Employees – 500,000

  • Public Sector Undertakings – 296,000

  • Universities – 20,000


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Agriculture

  • Percentage of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown – 42.5

  • Total live stock – 3578800

  • Total Poultry - 6550000


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Forest

  • Forest Area in sq.km - 63814


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Electricity (in Million Units)

  • Total Generation – 38171

  • Total Consumption – 23770

  • Industrial Consumption – 1357

  • Agricultural Consumption – 9336

  • Domestic Consumption - 4535


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Banking

  • Banking Offices (Scheduled and Commercial) – 5076

  • Villages having Banking Offices - 2445


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E-BANKING


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“The recent arrest of a suspected

Lashkar-e-Tayiba operative from Andhra Pradesh, in connection with the terrorist attack in the country holds a lesson: That Andhra Pradesh may swiftly becoming jihad's production factory”

-Rediff News


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Reasons…

Drought prompts the youngsters to become militants

Youngsters have no jobs, and some of them may be falling prey to the designs of fundamentalist groups


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"I also come from a farmer's family and I have some idea of the suffering and difficulties of the farmers, but after what I have seen and heard here today, I have come to know the extent of the sufferings and losses of the farmers for the first time."

Prime Minister, India


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Suffering for long…

Farmers have been taking their lives in Andhra Pradesh after failing to repay high-interest loans from private money lenders

Analysts say the spate of suicides points to the complete collapse of cheap and affordable government credit to farmers.


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POSSIBLE SOULTIONS


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  • Improve the quality of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides

  • A thorough state-level research on ground water tables and ways of improving their levels

  • Complete all pending irrigation projects and plan new projects in drought hit areas of Telangana and Rayalaseema regions


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  • Establish a State-level Banking & Insurance Corporations which outlaw all forms of private lending schemes


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ROLE OF E-BANKING


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  • For poor, risk is familiar and high. Strategies for coping with risk are a part of everyday life

  • Borrowing helps households achieve economic stability – temporary solution

  • Poor require savings services to help them better manage their resources and enable them to plan and finance their investments

  • Most importantly, the poor need insurance to lessen the blow when, for instance, the crops fail


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The poor should not be shut out of the resources for the risk they bear; on the contrary, the poor need additional services to mitigate that risk


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Importance of Saving

  • Saving builds assets for future planned activities like children’s education and marriage

  • Saving decreases the amount of credit a household has to seek at high cost from informal lenders and reduce the sale of assets at low cost during times of distress


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  • Poor can save in the form of human capital by improving their health, nutritional status and education

  • This form of saving can produce real future benefits by raising productivity and speeding development


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Importance of Insurance

  • The poor need insurance to protect themselves from uncertainty

  • However, insurance services is fraught with special difficulties

  • The existence of insurance may cause people to involve in riskier behavior which ultimately pose higher costs on insurer


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Choosing the right programs

  • To increase the financial services to the poor, the programs must fit the specific context of a particular area and its population

  • Programs must be adopted based on local occupational patterns, household spending and saving behavior, culture, resources available, agro-ecological characteristics, division of labor by gender and historical experience


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Checklist


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  • What kinds of financial services do the poor value? What economic activities are the poor engaged in, and what implications does this have for the type of services to be provided? What are existing sources of financial services, and how do the poor use them?


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  • What combination of financial instruments—credit, savings, insurance—are best developed, given specific demand from different types of clients? Do delivery systems (credit union, village banking, group-based lending) take into account the prevailing socioeconomic environments or local organizational systems?


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  • What non-conventional methods do the poor use to secure loans? Can these

    collateral substitutes be used within a more formalized banking system?


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  • Are regulations in place that govern mutually supportive transactions between

    the clients (borrowers) and institutions (lenders), such as deposit insurance and contract enforcement?


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  • Would the introduction or expansion of these services in a region be one of the most socially cost-effective ways to alleviate poverty there, given the state of infrastructure and markets, the availability of services, and the existence of other antipoverty and development programs in the region?


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