FOCUS and AFFIXES. www.seasite.niu.edu/tagalog Tagalog Grammar - VERBAL FOCUS. Actor Focus Verbal affixes. Indicate that the focus (actor) of the sentence is doing the action of the verb The -UM- Verb The MAG- Verb The MA- Verb. The –UM Verbs.
Tagalog Grammar - VERBAL FOCUS
This verb is formed by attaching the infix -UM- to the verb root. The -UM- affix always comes right before the first vowel of the root word. (samples are in the past tense/perfective aspect)
A major affix that is usually found in verbs denoting casual action and/or action not involving movement of an object external to the actor.
Designates actor’s movement from one place to another
Does not occur with roots/base words beginning with m or w
These verbs are formed by attaching the prefix MAG- to the verb root. Because MAG- is a prefix, it is always attached to the front of the word.
Magbigay (bigay) – to give
Magluto (luto) – to cook
Maglaro (laro) – to play
Maghanda (handa) – to prepare
A major actor focus affix that connotes deliberate action involving movement of an object external to the actor. In a sentence, this verb requires a object or ng phrase.
Used in verbalization of borrowed words
These affixes indicate that the focus of the sentence is the object (receiver of the action).
*** in suffixation o changes to u
*** han is used if final letter of the root is a vowel a