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REGIONAL SLIDES EUROPE The Black Triangle, Czech Republic Cop şa Micâ, Romania Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, Ukraine London, England Moskva, Russia Paris, France Atat ürk Dam, Turkey Gabcikova, Slovakia Arkhangelsk, Russia Lappi, Finland Sakhalin, Russia Almeria, Spain

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EUROPE

  • The Black Triangle, Czech Republic

  • Copşa Micâ, Romania

  • Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, Ukraine

  • London, England

  • Moskva, Russia

  • Paris, France

  • Atatürk Dam, Turkey

  • Gabcikova, Slovakia

  • Arkhangelsk, Russia

  • Lappi, Finland

  • Sakhalin, Russia

  • Almeria, Spain

  • Novovolynśk, Ukraine

  • Ijsselmeer, Netherlands


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EUROPE

  • Air pollution is particularly acute in Europe's large cities. Of the 10 countries with the highest sulphur dioxide ratings 7 are in Western and Central Europe

  • Europe is one of the most urbanized continents; some 75% of Europe's population live on just 10% of its land area

  • Farmland, including arable land and permanent grassland, is one of the dominant land uses in Europe, covering more than 45% (180 million hectares)

  • Roughly 30% of the Europe’s land area is still covered by forest, recent estimates show a slight overall increase in the extent of European forests, by about 0.5% per year

Sources: Global Change Game; EEA 2005


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EUROPE

Current water availability and changes expected by 2030

Source: EEA, 2005.


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Coal mining in Black TriangleCzech Republic

  • 1975: The gray areas are surface mines located primarily in the Czech Republic

  • 2000: The image reveals somewhat improved vegetation cover


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Copşa Micâ – Environmental disaster areaRomania

  • The area is classified as “environmental disaster area”

  • In 1989, the area was exposed as one of the most polluted places


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Devastating nuclear accident in Chernobyl, Ukraine

The Chernobyl nuclear accident killed more than 31 people immediately

More than 120 000 people from 213 villages and cities were relocated outside the contamination zone

Much of the farmland surrounding the plant was heavily contaminated with radio active nuclides and subsequently abandoned


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Growing London city, United Kingdom

  • Over 7 million residents

  • Population projected to approach 8 million by 2021


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Expanding population in largest European city – Moskva, Russia

1975-2001: Images show urban expansion during the last 25 years of the 20th century


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Seine River dissecting the city of Paris RussiaFrance

1976-2001: Images show expansion of city into the surrounding rural areas


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Atat Russiaürk Dam changes the landscape of surrounding areas, Turkey

Transformation of the region around the dam is strikingly apparent in these images

Right-hand corner of the 1999 image shows irrigated fields surrounding the town of Harran


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Transformation from natural waterway to controlled water supply – Gabcikova, Slovakia

1973-2000: Images show changes brought about by massive re-channeling of river water


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Disturbances in Arkhangelsk forest cover supply – Gabcikova, Slovakia

  • In some places, large sections of the forest have been clear-felled

  • Other places show a block pattern, where section of relatively undisturbed forest are left between clear-felled sections


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One of the world’s most intensive forests – Lappi, Finland

Images show a result of this logging in the northeastern areas of the country

The patches of tan in the 2002 image signify clearcut areas


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Impact of forest fires in Sakhalin Russia Finland

Area burned due to forest fire in Boreal region


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Conversion to intensive greenhouse agriculture – Almeria, Spain

  • 1987: The landscape reflects rather typical rural agricultural land use

  • 2000: The areas has been converted to intensive greenhouse agriculture

  • 2004: Greenhouse-dominated land appears as whitish gray patches


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Notably different agricultural method along SpainNovovolynśk, Ukraine

1988-2000: Apparent change in the approach to land use in Ukraine, following the patterns in Poland


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Farming along SpainIjsselmeer coastThe Netherlands

These images show the transformation of polders (areas of reclaimed land) into useable farming land

  • 1973-2004: lighter blue water is the Markermeer – buffer against floodwaters

  • 2004: this area of reclaimed land was covered with farms


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EUROPE Spain

One Planet Many People: Atlas of Our Changing Environment

Thank You!

Free Downloads:

www.na.unep.net

Purchase:

www.Earthprint.com


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