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EGYPTIAN ART 3000 B.C.- 1000 B.C.

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EGYPTIAN ART 3000 B.C.- 1000 B.C. Farming communities formed along the Nile during the Neolithic period - before 7000 B.C. From approximately 3000 B.C., Egypt was ruled by Pharaohs (kings). Artists worked for the state and its rulers. They had to work under strict rules and

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EGYPTIAN ART

3000 B.C.- 1000 B.C.

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Farming communities formed along the Nile

during the Neolithic period - before 7000 B.C.

From approximately 3000 B.C., Egypt was

ruled by Pharaohs (kings).

Artists worked for the state and its rulers.

They had to work under strict rules and

guidelines regarding what kind of art they

could make.

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Egyptian art is said to be timeless. For

nearly 3,000 years artists used many

of the same artistic rules made by priests.

In wall sculptures and paintings, figures

are shown in an unnatural way. We have

learned a great deal about everyday

Egyptian life from the paintings and artifacts

that have been found in tombs.

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Vocabulary words:

  • Pharaoh:

King of Egypt (thought to be a God) - means

“Great house who shelters all his people.”

  • Book of the Dead:

To help the dead on their journey to the

after-life. Contained about 200 spells.

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Ka:

The invisible soul of a dead person that

goes to the after-life. It is kept “alive”

by grave offerings from the living.

  • Hieroglyphics:

Egyptian writing – made up of pictograms.

  • Cartouche:

An oval or oblong frame that encircles a

ruler’s name.

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Papyrus:

Early form of paper made from the papyrus plant.

Strips were placed together, then beaten flat.

  • Tomb murals:

Paintings of a person’s life in his/her tomb.

  • Linear picture plane:

All the forms are in line. No background or

foreground.

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Horror vacui:

Fear of empty spaces. Art crowded with figures.

  • Hierarchical scale:

Art showing more important figures larger

than less important figures.

  • Scribe:

A man who wrote on papyrus or carved into

walls. Like a secretary, performed any

writing duties.

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Web Links

Main Map of Ancient Egypt

http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/maps/mainmap.html

Ancient Egyptian Culture

http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/archaeology/index.html

Alabaster Canopic Jar Lids

http://members.aol.com/egyptold/jar.html

MyStudios - Egyptian Art

http://www.mystudios.com/art/ancient/egyptian/egyptian.html

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