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The Food Pyramid Different Categories Bread, Rice, Cereals, and Pasta Fruits Vegetables Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese Meat, Poultry, Fish, and Eggs Fats Bread, Rice, Cereal, and Pasta Need 6-11 servings per day Eat whole grains Be careful when adding sugar and fats Fruits

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Different Categories

  • Bread, Rice, Cereals, and Pasta

  • Fruits

  • Vegetables

  • Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese

  • Meat, Poultry, Fish, and Eggs

  • Fats


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Bread, Rice, Cereal, and Pasta

  • Need 6-11 servings per day

  • Eat whole grains

  • Be careful when adding sugar and fats


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Fruits

  • Need 2-4 serving per day

  • Whole fruits are usually higher in fiber

  • Count only 100 percent fruit juice as fruit


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Vegetable

  • Need 3-5 servings per day

  • Good sources of vitamins and minerals

  • Different vegetables provide different nutrients


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Milk, Yogurt, Cheese

  • Need 2-3 servings per day

  • Skim milk and low fat yogurt are lower in fat

  • 1 cup of milk equals one serving


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Meat, Poultry, Fish, Eggs

  • Need 2-3 servings per day

  • Trim fats off of meat

  • Broil, roast, or boil these foods instead of frying them


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Fats

  • Use sparingly

  • Go easy on fats and sugars

  • Eat lower fat foods






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More Good Eating Habits

•   Emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products.

•   Include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts.

  • Eat foods low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt, and added sugars.

  • Diabetes Food Pyramid suggests getting the bulk of your calories from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.


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Meal Planning for Special Populations

  • Using the nutrition guidelines in the Food Science text/ Chapter 12 plan an appropriate 3 day eating plan for the following:

    • Family of four with limited budget- think vegetables, fruits in season, grains, inexpensive hamburger cuts, etc.

    • A seventeen year old pregnant or lactating female- think same as above but include foods rich in iron and foliate.

    • Diabetic young male- insulin dependent. Think again vegetables, fruits, foods low in starch, sugar, lean meats and fish.



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