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Contribution of Religion To Scientific & Technological Advancement By William Lau, Ph.D. Sumerian Civilization ( 3500 – 800 BC ) Rotary  presses,  the  "cylinder  seal Mathematics and Measures Astronomy & Calendar Temples,  Courts  and Trading Houses Clay  Pottery, Stelas & Sculptures

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Contribution of religion to scientific technological advancement l.jpg

Contribution of ReligionTo Scientific & Technological Advancement

By William Lau, Ph.D.


Sumerian civilization 3500 800 bc l.jpg
Sumerian Civilization(3500 – 800 BC )

  • Rotary  presses,  the  "cylinder  seal

  • Mathematics and Measures

  • Astronomy & Calendar

  • Temples,  Courts  and Trading Houses

  • Clay  Pottery, Stelas & Sculptures

  • The  Metal-work, Chariots, Wheels

  • Energy  and  Fuels

  • Ancient  Law  and  Medicine

  • Textile and Clothing Industries

  • Agriculture & Animal Husbandry

  • Ship Building & Musical Instruments

Sumerian Temple

Re: http://www.strayreality.com/Lanis_Strayreality/sumerian_civilization%202.htm


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Sumer – Location & Artifacts

SUMER

Area between the

Euphrates & Tigris Rivers

Royal Standards of UR

Showing Peace & War

A Lyre decorated with

The Curly-haired Bull


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Egyptian Civilization3000-1070 BC

  • Art, sculpture, farming, brick-making, monumental construction, metal work and writings

  • Solar Calendar & Year

  • Astronomy, Mathematics, Agriculture, Textile and Traditional Medicine

  • Religion: Ra (sun god)


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Greek Civilization2000 – 300 BC

  • Medical science, physics, mathematics, astronomy, biology, geology, metallurgy, agriculture, ship-building, sculpture,

    art, music and sports

  • Greek Language and the translation of the Hebrew Bible

  • Scientific Methodology

  • Greek Philosophy

Epidauros Stadium

Relief

Sculptured

figurine


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Mathematics & Science

Drama & Philosophy

Art & Architecture

Law & Democracy

Medicine & Engineering

Greek  communities  had  the freedom  to govern themselves and  they  shared their traditions of  language, customs, religion and  festivals, such as the Olympic Games in the ancient town of Olympia in Peloponnesse District

About Greece


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Famous Greek Philosophers

Anaximander of Miletus

610-546 BC

Socrates

470-399 BC

Pythagoras

582-507 BC

Plato

427-347 BC

Heraclitus

535-475 BC

Aristotle

384-322 BC

Thales

624-547 BC

Philo of Alexandria

20 BC-50 AD


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Greek’s Influence on Religion and Science

  • Greek Language – International Language

  • Translation of Bible into Greek

  • Birth of Jesus Christ and Teaching of Love

  • Evangelization – Good Salvific News

  • Knowledge Exchange through Trade &

    Students’ Exchanges

  • Scientific Books Translated into Arabic

  • Emergence of Islamic Scientists & Scholars


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Conducive Factorsfor Scientific Advancement

The Abrahamic Faiths provide the ambience

for Scientific Advancement:-

  • The Material World is Good

  • All Physical Laws are Consistent

  • Time Marches Forward

  • The World is Orderly


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15th-17th Century Scientific Progress

  • Royal Society dedicated to God & Humanity

  • 1831: BAAS – Honored the Church

  • Albert Einstein & Max Plank Views on Science, Religion and God

  • Scientists – Johannes Gutenburg, Isaac Newton, Robert Boyle, Michael Faraday, Gregel Mendel, James Y. Simpson, Gottfried Leibritz, Galileo Galilei, Louis Pasteur and Alexander Fleming

  • Industrialization & Work-houses

  • Exploration, Evangelization & Colonization


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Scientists’ Limitations

  • Isaac Newton – recognized the Immensity of God

    Limit 1/x + (infinity)

    x 0

  • Albert Einstein: “Religion without Science is Blind and Science without Religion is Lame”

  • Max Plank: “Science brings Man nearer to God. Science and Religion are fighting a joint battle in an incessant never-ending crusade against skepticism, dogmatism, disbelief and superstition and the rallying cry in this crusade has always been and always will be – on to God”


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Renown Medieval Christian Scientists

Robert Boyle

1627-1691

Boyle’s Law

Nicholas Copernicus

1473-1543

Sun – Centre of Universe

Michael Faraday

1791-1867

Electro-magnetism


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Renowned Medieval Christian Scientists

Johannes Kepler

1571-1630

Celestial Mechanics

Logarithm

Galileo Galilei

1546-1642

Telescope

Sir Isaac Newton

1642-1727

Gravitation

Law of Motion

Calculus


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Renowned Medieval Christian Scientists

Louis Pasteur

Sterilization

James Watt

Steam Engine

Maxwell

Mathematician

Lord Kelvin

Elasticity & Material

Strength


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Renowned Muslim Scientists

  • Astronomer

  • Mathematician

  • Improved Trigonometry

  • Compiled Co-tangent Table

Al-Battani

(850-828}


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Al-Khawarizmi(780 – 850 AD)

  • Decimal System

  • Algebra


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Ibn Al-haitham(965 – 1039 AD)

  • Physician

  • Optics – Book of Mirror

  • Corpuscular Theory of Light


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Thabit Ibn Qurra(833 – 902 AD)

  • Theory of Numbers

  • Postulated on the Gravitational Force

    between two Bodies


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Ibn Rusd (Averroes)(1126 – 1129 AD)

  • Jurist

  • Philosopher

  • Physician

  • Studied Mathematics

    and Theology



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Science & Technology Today

  • Less Identified with Religion & Nationality

  • Science has expanded in Scope

  • Stem-cell Research

  • Genetically Engineered or Modified Plants

  • Latest Imaging Technology

  • Information Communication Technology

  • Mobile Phone Invention

  • Nano-technology


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Conclusion

  • Words of Late Pope John Paul II

  • Scientific & Technological Progress for

    Humanity – not for DESTRUCTION of

    God’s Creations


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