PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Classical theories on human nature' - oshin
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Soul has three parts:(a) rational component (the soul reflects) (immortal)(b) spirited, courageous component (mortal)(c) appetitive component (desires) (mortal)
True knowledge: Person must suppress the needs of the body and concentrate on rational pursuits.
Differential theory of human nature: In some individuals: appetitive aspect of the soul dominates -> workers and slaves; in others the courageous aspect of the soul dominates -> soldiers; and in still others the rational aspect dominates -> philosopher kings.