chapter twenty-two

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1. Chapter Twenty-TwoThe Contemporary Contour1945 - Present An Era of Many Names: The Postindustrial Era The Computer Age The Information Age The Late-Capitalist Age The American Age The Nuclear Age The Space Age The Age of Globalization

3. Existentialism Kierkegaard (1813-1855) “the crowd is untruth” Autonomous individual, self-examination; Christian Existentialism “Who am I? What am I doing here? Where am I going?” Attacked organized state religion; proposed “leap of faith” Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) Moral relativism “If you gaze for long into the abyss, the abyss gazes also into you” Sartre (1905-1980) Implications of a world not rooted in religion Individual place, freedom, ethics

5. Identity Politics since 1945 Civil rights for minorities (1960s-present) Second-wave feminism (1970s-present) Gay and lesbian rights (1980s-present) Growing sense of cultural pluralism as Western nations become home to more and more people from different civilizations and as native peoples assert their rights

7. Architecture The Modern and the Postmodern

8. Le Corbusier, a European modernist architect: a house is a machine for living in. “Le Corbusier-haus, Berlin”

9. American modernist architecture Louis Sullivan (1856-1924) “Form ever follows function”

10. Mies van der Rohe, a European modernist and admirer of Sullivan: “Less is More” The Seagrams Building, NYC

11. American modernist architecture Frank Lloyd Wright (1869-1959) Function is accomplished through form Organic architecture Use of new materials: ferroconcrete Flow of space vs. obstruction of space Private home, Fallingwater Guggenheim Museum (1957-1959)

12. Frank Lloyd Wright: organic architectureThe Kauffman House outside Pittsburgh, aka “Fallingwater.” How is this house organic?

13. Frank Lloyd Wright: Form Follows Function: museum goers walk down a spiral ramp inside, viewing art on the walls in one continuous uninterrupted stream. ”Democracy needs something basically better than a box” The Guggenheim Museum, 1957-59, New York City

14. Atlanta’s Modernist High Museum: how does form follow function here?

15. Midtown Atlanta: Postmodernist Architecture.What is modern looking about this skyline? What isn’t?

16. One Atlantic Center

17. GLG Grand

18. 191 Peachtree Tower

19. Frank Gehry, Postmodern Praguecomputer-aided architecture

20. Peggy Guggenheim: the Medici of Modern Art

21. Pre-WWIIModern Art

22. Picasso’s cubist style

23. Postwar Picasso

24. Romare Bearden, American Cubist and collagist

25. Pre-WWII Expressionism

26. NewExpressionism

27. NewExpressionism

28. NewExpressionism

29. Art Since 1945Prodigious variety; numerous styles International dilution of American art Refugee teachers, artists Peggy Guggenheim Patron of modern art

30. Painting Since 1945:Abstract Expressionism Color field paintings Color detached from imagery Artistic goals Break with other conventions of art Feeling, not seeing

35. Adolph Gottlieb in front of his painting, Spray 1957

36. Adolph Gottlieb,“color field” painting Icon (1964)

37. Robert Motherwell, Elegy for the Spanish Republic n°34, 1953-54

38. Mark Rothko, Center Tryptich for Rothko Chapel, 1966, Houston. The panels of varying shades of the same color are meant to be meditated upon, much like Byzantine icons.

39. Painting Since 1945:The Return to Representation Consideration of the object; painting the stuff of everyday life Jasper Johns (b. 1930) Robert Rauschenberg (b. 1925) John Cage’s “Happenings” Combine paintings Andy Warhol Pop Art, popular culture, consumerism

40. Jasper Johns, Painted Bronze, 1960,

42. Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram, 1955-59, oil and collage on canvas, with stuffed goat and tire

43. Andy Warhol makes art out of the supermarketCoke Bottles and Campbell’s Soup Can

44. Roy Lichtenstein, Blam!, 1962Making art out of mass media and pop culture

45. Photorealism.Chuck Close, Self Portrait

47. Contemporary Sculptureis playful, serious, creepy and wonderful Continuity + Experimentation New materials, technical skills David Smith (1906 – 1965) Alexander Calder (1898 – 1976) Assemblage Disparate materials?Organic wholes Nevelson, Cornell, Segal, Kienholz

48. David Smith, Cubi VII, 1964. 

49. Alexander Calder, Three Up and Three Downat the High Museum of Art, Atlanta 

50. Louise Nevelson, Sky Cathedral (1958) 

51. Joseph Cornell, two box works circa 1950 

52. George Segal, Bus Riders

54. Claes Oldenburg, Floor Burger, 1962, Canvas, foam rubber, 52 x 84'

55. Claes Oldenburg, Clothespin, 1976, cor-Ten and stainless steel, Center Square, Philadelphia

56. Edward Kleinholz, The State Hospital, 1966

57. Christo and Jeanne Claude, Running Fence, 1972

58. Christo and Jeanne Claude, The Gates, NYC 2006

59. Nam June Paik, Megatron

60. Nam June Paik, TV Buddah, 1974

61. Nam June Paik, Nomad

64. The End

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