Chapter 16 the single market
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Chapter 16 The Single Market PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Chapter 16 The Single Market. Cini (ed.) European Union Politics, 2 nd edition OUP Online Teaching Resources. Structure of the Lecture. Market integration in historical perspective Harmonisation: The politics of intervention The free trade umpire: The ECJ and judicial activism

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Chapter 16 The Single Market

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Chapter 16 the single market

Chapter 16The Single Market

Cini (ed.) European Union Politics, 2nd edition

OUP Online Teaching Resources


Structure of the lecture

Structure of the Lecture

  • Market integration in historical perspective

  • Harmonisation: The politics of intervention

  • The free trade umpire: The ECJ and judicial activism

  • The 1992 Programme: A blueprint for action

  • Maintaining and correcting the market

  • Theorising the single market & Conclusion


Market integration in historical perspective

Market integration in historical perspective

  • Objective of creating a single European market – the Spaak Report (1956)

  • The Treaty of Rome – establishing a common market

    - Custom union; a common external tariff; the removal of non-tariff barriers (NTBs)

  • Clash between laissez-faire and interventionist; between regulated capitalism and neo-liberalism


Harmonisation the politics of intervention

Harmonisation: The politics of Intervention

  • A policy of harmonisation or standardisation for the creating of a single market

    • Reconciling differences in national regulatory practices and creating common rules

  • Reasons for limited success of harmonisation

    • The decision rule of unanimity

    • Complex technical process such as NTBs

    • Lack of political interest

  • A new regulatory framework


The free trade umpire the ecj judicial activism

The free trade umpire: the ECJ & judicial activism

  • The role & power of the ECJ regarding NTBs

    • Dassonville case in 1974

    • Cassis de Dijon in 1979

  • Mutual recognition as a crucial step

    • Promoting mutual reciprocity of standards rather than harmonisation

    • Only in areas which are not mutually equivalent that member states can invoke national restrictions, practices, and traditions and restrict free trade in the Community


Market making the politics of neo liberalism

Market Making: The Politics of Neo-liberalism

  • The failure of Keynesian economic policy (?)

    • Neo-corporatist class

    • Growing recognition of a competitiveness gap vis-à-vis the US, Japan and newly industrialising economies

  • Major steps for making a single market

    • The European Council meeting in Fontainebleau (1984)

    • Intergovernmental conference in Milan (1985)

  • Institutional reform: QMV, cooperation procedure, etc.


1992 programme a blueprint for action

1992 Programme: a blueprint for action

  • Jacques Delors, Commission president & Lord Cockfield, Internal Market Commissioner

    • A Commission White Paper ‘Completing the Internal Market’: 1002 Programme

  • The single market project

    • The concept of mutual recognition

    • A policy framework for action; a Community-level regulation

    • Widespread political support

    • Obstacles in areas of tax harmonisation, social dimensions & politically sensitive areas


1992 programme a blueprint for action1

1992 Programme: a blueprint for action

  • Debates on the community-building process in terms of the creating of a competitive market economy


Maintaining and correcting the market

Maintaining and Correcting the Market

  • Market correcting: The politics of regulated capitalism

    • Structural policy to promote economic and social cohesion / Consumer & environmental protection / Rural development

    • The single market: balanced between the market-oriented policies & market-interventionist measures


Maintaining and correcting the market1

Maintaining and Correcting the Market

  • Market maintenance: The politics of efficiency

    • The effectiveness and credibility of the single market

    • The transposition of EU Directives into national law (problems of infringement & infringement proceedings)

    • Economic & political efforts by EU institutions


Theorising the single market conclusion

Theorising the single market & Conclusion

  • The resurgence of European integration in the mid-1980s: Intergovernmentalism Vs Neo-functionalism

  • Other approaches

    • Majone’s regulatory approach / Scharpf’s argument on the relationship between economic development and democratic condition


Theorising the single market conclusion1

Theorising the single market & Conclusion

  • The Single European Market – not yet complete, but one of the most noteworthy accomplishments of the European integration project


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