Making homes safe and disaster proof through appropriate disaster resistant techniques By Athar Nawaz Malik Director General, Pakistan Housing Authority Ministry of Housing and Works, Islamabad and Dr. Qamar ul Islam UNDP-DRR Consultant Conference on Working Together for Disaster Risk Reduction
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ByAthar Nawaz MalikDirector General, Pakistan Housing AuthorityMinistry of Housing and Works, IslamabadandDr. Qamar ul Islam UNDP-DRR Consultant
Conference on Working Together for Disaster Risk Reduction
Convention Centre, Islamabad
8th October 2009
Emergency kits: disaster resistant techniques
It is always important to keep 72 hour kit per person in home. These should be kept in easy-to-access places, and should include updated, age appropriate items for each individual. It’s also important to keep a first aid kit in an easily accessible area as well. It is also important to keep a radio with batteries nearby so that we can hear what’s going on and so that we know when it’s over and safe to come out.
resistance construction techniques
Earthquakes: disaster resistant techniques
One long standing method has been to make a house on short posts, which rests on large stones. So that when earthquake strikes, the posts are pin-connected to the top and the bottom of the building and are thus able to away to and fro. This causes a substantial reduction of the lateral forces and thus, isolates the building from the high frequency movements on the ground. However, in case of massive earthquake, this technology is limited.
Cyclones: the ground is now emerging. This is known as base-isolation. This can be achieved by reducing the coefficient of friction between the structure and the foundation
Layout & Design the ground is now emerging. This is known as base-isolation. This can be achieved by reducing the coefficient of friction between the structure and the foundation
Floods: treated with preservative, so that it is durable against weathering and insect action.
The construction of houses should be restricted to the zones involving least risk. Development of any kind in the prohibited zone should be totally disallowed to avoid damage to property and to avert flood situation upstream threatening settlements there.
Thanks disaster risk reduction method, becomes redundant if seen in isolation of the broader economic, social and cultural requirements of the target groups.