DD-963 Spruance Class Ship Aging Vs Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00
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DD-963 Spruance Class Ship Aging Vs Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00 SCEA 2002 National Conference Bill Stranges Colleen Adamson Andrea Nowicki Deanna Ohwevwo June 2002 Outline Purpose Approach DD-963 class characteristics Data scrubbing Results Summary Purpose

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DD-963 Spruance Class Ship Aging Vs Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

SCEA 2002 National Conference

Bill Stranges

Colleen Adamson

Andrea Nowicki

Deanna Ohwevwo

June 2002


Outline l.jpg
Outline Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • Purpose

  • Approach

  • DD-963 class characteristics

  • Data scrubbing

  • Results

  • Summary


Purpose l.jpg
Purpose Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • Determine if Annual Ship Maintenance Expenditures are Correlated to Ship Aging for the DD-963 Class of Ships


Example of ship life cycle cost decomposition l.jpg
Example of Ship Life Cycle Cost Decomposition Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

MISSION PERSONNEL -

UNIT LEVEL CONSUMPTION -

INTERMEDIATE MAINT -

DEPOT MAINTENANCE -

SUSTAINING SUPPORT -

INDIRECT SUPPORT -

OFFICERS

ENLISTED

CIVILIANS

CONTRACTOR

POL

CONSUMABLES

TRAINING EXPENDABLES

O&S ~ 60%

HULL/GFE -

PROPULSION -

GOVERNMENT -

GOV OVERSIGHT -

R&D - <3%

Plan Costs 3%

Basic Construction 52%

Change Orders 2%

Technology Insert 1%

Electronics 11%

Propulsion 21%

HM&E 9%

Other Costs 1%

Direct Labor 21%

Material Costs 36%

Overhead Costs 30%

FCCM & Profit 13%

PROD*- 37%


Dd 963 class characteristics background l.jpg
DD 963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Background

  • 31 ships in class

  • All built at Ingalls Shipbuilding

  • First ship in class commissioned in FY75

  • Several ships forward deployed to Japan

    • DD-966, 972, 975, 985, 991

  • Maintenance data from VAMOSC (FY84-FY00)

    • Organizational level (O-level) maintenance costs

    • Intermediate level (I-level) maintenance costs

    • Depot level (D-level) maintenance costs


Dd 963 class characteristics history l.jpg
DD 963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00History

1984 DD-974, 976, 979, 983, 984, 986, 990 received Armored Box Launchers (ABL) to launch Tomahawk Cruise Missiles

USS Olendorf (DD 972) becomes forward based in Yokosuka, Japan

1986 Vertical Launch System (VLS) was retrofitted to the 24 ships without ABL

1988 USS Fife (DD 991) becomes forward based in Yokosuka, Japan

1990s Persian Gulf War and maintenance of the Iraq No-Fly Zones scrambles the operational tempo of all ships

1990 USS Hewitt (DD 966) becomes forward based in Yokosuka, Japan

1991 USS Olendorf (DD 972) returns from Yokosuka, Japan to San Diego


Dd 963 class characteristics history continued l.jpg
DD 963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00History (continued)

1992 USS O’Brien (DD 975) becomes forward based in Yokosuka, Japan

1996 Condition-based maintenance philosophy began

USS Fife (DD 991) returns from Yokosuka, Japan to San Diego

1998 Ships with ABL, which were not upgraded to VLS due to budget constraints, were decommissioned

USS Hewitt (DD 966) returns from Yokosuka, Japan to San Diego

USS Cushing (DD 985) becomes forward based in Yokosuka, Japan

2001 DD-980 and 981 turned over to Naval Reserve Force


Dd 963 class characteristics technical parameters l.jpg
DD-963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Technical Parameters

Overall Length

563 feet

Water Line Length

529 feet

Beam 55 feet

Full Displacement 9,300 tons

Dead Weight 2,400 tons

Speed 33 knots

Crew 30 Officer

352 Enlisted


Dd 963 class characteristics major weapons systems l.jpg
DD-963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Major Weapons Systems

Antenna

AN/SPS-55

AN/URN-20 TACAN

MK 15

Phalanx

(Port)

MK 22

TAS

AN/SPG-60

AN/SPS-400

NSSMS

Launcher

AN/SLQ-32

(Port&STBD)

AN/SPQ-9A

MK 95

NSSMS

Director

AN/SQR-15

TASS

MK 15 Phalanx

(STBD)

MK 45

5”/54

Gun

MK 45

5”/54

Gun

LAMPS

RAM

MK 141

Harpoon

(Port & STBD)

MK 32 SVTT

(Port & STBD)

AN/SLQ-25 NIXIE

AN/SQR-19 TACTAS

MK 36 SRBOC

DLS

(Port & STBD)

MK 41

VLS

AN/SQS-32

MK 36 Mod 6

SRBOC

MK 15 Phalanx

AN/SLQ-32V(2)

MK 45 5”/54

Gun

MK 41 VLS

MK 45 5”/54

Gun

NSSMS

Launcher

MK 95 NSSMS

Director

MK 141

Harpoon

MK 15 Phalanx

AN/SLQ-32V(2)


Dd 963 class characteristics ship homeports l.jpg
DD-963 Class Characteristics Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Ship Homeports

JAPAN

3 ships

2 ships

2 Ships

5 ships

9 ships

2 ships

1 ship


Approach l.jpg
Approach Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • FY84-00 VAMOSC data collected and analyzed

  • Potential trends identified

  • Secondary review yielded discrepancy in data

    • VAMOSC source data repositories changed (3M)

  • FY84-90 VAMOSC data removed

  • Analysis performed using FY91-00 VAMOSC data


Data scrubbing l.jpg
Data Scrubbing Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • Forward based ships were removed from analysis

    • Depot data do not include cost of work done by Japanese

    • Forward based ships have higher OPTEMPO

  • DD-987 removed from data set due to major corrective maintenance problems

    • O-Level maintenance in FY91 = $10.7M (class avg = $4.1M)

    • I-Level maintenance in FY95 = $6.3M (class avg = $584K)

    • I-Level maintenance in FY96 = $42.3M

  • DD-973 and DD-992 removed from FY97 and FY93 data respectively due to being “stuck” in availabilities in Pearl Harbor

    • DD-973 O-Level maintenance in FY97 = $9.1M

    • DD-973 I-Level maintenance in FY97 = $954K

    • DD-992 O-Level maintenance in FY93 = $14.2M


Data scrubbing cont l.jpg
Data Scrubbing (Cont.) Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • Seven decommissioned ships removed from analysis

    • Low or negative maintenance costs in last few years of ships’ lives

  • Incomplete O&I maintenance data prior to FY91

    • 3M system upgraded in FY91

  • Ships are all relatively the same

    • Same hull structure, engineering, systems, OPTEMPO, maintenance schedule


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Results Expenditures from FY91 to FY00


Maintenance cost o i d class average l.jpg
Maintenance Cost (O+I+D) Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Class Average

No real increase in maintenance $ over time

Reflects average maintenance cost for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


Organizational level maintenance cost class average l.jpg
Organizational Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00 CostClass Average

Before 3M System Update

After 3M System Update

Reflects average O-level maint $ for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


Intermediate level maintenance cost class average l.jpg
Intermediate Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00 CostClass Average

Before 3M System Update

After 3M System Update

Reflects average I-level maint $ for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


Depot level maintenance cost class average l.jpg
Depot Level Maintenance Cost Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Class Average

Reflects average D-level maint $ for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


Ship age vs o level maintenance cost fy91 00 l.jpg
Ship Age vs. O-Level Maintenance Cost Expenditures from FY91 to FY00FY91-00

DD 963 Commissioned in 1975

Each point represents a cost per yearly age


Ship age vs i level maintenance cost fy91 00 l.jpg
Ship Age vs. I-Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00 CostFY91-00

Each point represents a cost per yearly age


Ship age vs d level maintenance cost fy91 00 l.jpg
Ship Age vs. D-Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00 Cost FY91-00

Each point represents a cost per yearly age


Summary l.jpg
Summary Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

  • No apparent correlation between ship aging and maintenance expenditures for corrective maintenance.

  • Anecdotal information from NAVSEA PMS 400 indicates a backlog of repairs existing for DD-963 class of ships.

    • Difficult to track.

  • No meaningful metric to assess ships readiness and aging.

    • Existing databases highly subjective.

  • Please address additional questions to:

    Bill Stranges [email protected]

    Colleen Adamson [email protected]

    Andrea Nowicki [email protected]

    Deanna Ohwevwo [email protected]


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Backups Expenditures from FY91 to FY00


Life cycle cost breakout l.jpg

80% O MORE of O&S Costs Locked In Expenditures from FY91 to FY00

$

Procurement

O&S

R&D

Disposal

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Years

Life Cycle Cost Breakout

*From ARO TOC brief


O level maintenance manhours class average 18 ships l.jpg
O-level Maintenance Manhours Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Class Average (18 ships)

Reflects avg O-level maint mhrs for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


I level maintenance manhours class average 18 ships l.jpg
I-level Maintenance Manhours Expenditures from FY91 to FY00Class Average (18 ships)

Reflects avg I-level maint mhrs for 18 ships per year; FY93 and FY97 each have only 17 ships


Ssn age vs o level maintenance fy91 00 l.jpg
SSN Age vs. O-Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00FY91-00


Ssn age vs i level maintenance fy91 00 l.jpg
SSN Age vs. I-Level Maintenance Expenditures from FY91 to FY00FY91-00


Average steaming hours l.jpg
Average Steaming Hours Expenditures from FY91 to FY00


Average steaming hours underway l.jpg
Average Steaming Hours Underway Expenditures from FY91 to FY00


Average steaming hours not underway l.jpg
Average Steaming Hours Not Underway Expenditures from FY91 to FY00


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