Attitudes to Language Change. Prepared by: Sana Lamtara Bouchra Arrif . Outline. Introduction I- The Inevitability of Change II- Aspects of Change in Written and Spoken Language a- Examples of Changes in Spoken Language. III- The Conservative Attitude a- Prescriptivism
I- The Inevitability of Change
II- Aspects of Change in Written and Spoken Language
a- Examples of Changes in Spoken Language.
III- The Conservative Attitude
b- Positive aspects of Prescriptivism
d- Aitchison’s Attitudes to Language Change
IV- In Favor of Language Change
b- Criticism of Descriptivism.
V- Political Correctness (PC) approach
b- Historical Background of the approach
VI- Language: a political Concern
a- Language Policy
b- Language Academies
c- Example of the French Academy (L'Académiefrançaise)
Aitchison described 3 different attitudes to language change:
Language development is viewed as positive because:
The standard form of language can be negatively affected by the use of non-standard varieties in written publications, school or workplace.
“a neutral language”
“Language Policy is what a government does either officially through legislation, court decisions or policy to determine how languages are used, cultivate language skills needed to meet national priorities or to establish the rights of individuals or groups to use and maintain languages.”
The Role of Language Academies
These standards are maintained by:
"The primary function of the Académie will be to work, with all possible care and diligence, to give specific rules for our language and make it pure, eloquent, and useful in the arts and science.“
Article 24 of the Bylaws of L'Académie française
Why should language change be unavoidable?