An Empire Divided: The Loyalist Experience by Bev & Ken Rees. Agenda. Some Definitions The Loyalist Experience Research Strategy Repositories Primary Sources Secondary Sources. Some Definitions. Pre-loyalists Early, First, United Empire Loyalists Late, Simcoe Loyalists
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by Bev & Ken Rees
Early, First, United Empire Loyalists
Late, Simcoe Loyalists
Those who came to Nova Scotia from one of the rebelling colonies before the war broke out.
Those who adhered to the Unity of Empire. They lived in America before 1775, came to the Royal standard prior to the treaty of Separation (1783), and settled in areas remaining under the control of the Crown.
Those who came to Upper Canada following the invitation of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe in 1791 to those who had not taken up arms against the Crown. This includes those living in what was then termed the United States of America, but also former military officers living in the Maritimes who were loyal to Britain.
Those early loyalists who went to England, and were compensated there.
Members of regular British army units (or hired mercenaries) who remained in British North America and claimed land on behalf of their services
1775 - Start of the Rebellion
19 Oct. 1781 - Surrender at Yorktown
4 May 1783 – Settlement in Nova Scotia Begins (~30,000)
3 Sept. 1783 - Treaty of Paris Signed
25 Nov. 1783 – New York Evacuated
22 May 1784 – Settlement in Quebec Begins (~10,000)
16 Aug. 1784 - Formation of New Brunswick
9 Nov. 1789 - Order in Council
19 June 1791 – Constitutional Act
National Archives and Libraries
State Archives and Libraries
Family History Library
Muster rolls are housed in four collections in three repositories.