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Achieving Sustainable Business Benefits with Web Services Standards Patrick Gannon President & CEO eGovernment & Web Services Moscow 21 July 2003 Patrick J. Gannon OASIS – C.E.O., President, Board Director UNECE – Chair, Team of Specialists for Internet Enterprise Development (2000-2002)

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Achieving Sustainable Business Benefits with Web Services Standards

Patrick GannonPresident & CEO

eGovernment & Web Services

Moscow

21 July 2003

© OASIS 2003


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Patrick J. Gannon

  • OASIS – C.E.O., President, Board Director

  • UNECE – Chair, Team of Specialists for Internet Enterprise Development (2000-2002)

  • BEA Systems – Sr. VP Strategic Marketing

  • Netfish Technologies – VP Industry Standards

  • Open Buying on the Internet (OBI) – Exec. Dir.

  • RosettaNet – First Project Leader (1998)

  • CommerceNet – VP Strategic Programs

    • XML eCommerce Evangelist (1997-99)

    • Interoperable Catalog WG (1995-1998)

  • PIDX, CIAG, PVF Roundtable, CIMIS (1988-95)

© OASIS 2003


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Agenda

  • Technology Trends

  • Business Benefits

  • Issues Impacting Web Services

  • Value Proposition for Standards

  • OASIS Role in Standards Adoption

© OASIS 2003


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Information Technology Trends

Technology & Business

© OASIS 2003


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The eBusiness Tidal Wave

Cultural Shift

Business-to-Business

Processes

Supply Chain Distribution

Consumer Services

Internet Based Delivery

© OASIS 2003


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The eBusiness Technologies

Sales and Distribution

B2B iMarketPlaces / Hubs

ASP’s (App’ Srvc Provider)

XML

B2C Integration

Information Mining

Web Services

Directory Services

© OASIS 2003


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The Challenge: How to Take an Architecture That Has Withstood the Test of Time…

© OASIS 2003


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Keep it from being marginalized…

© OASIS 2003


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Keep it from being washed away in the technology tidal wave …

© OASIS 2003


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And turn it into the centerpiece of a thriving marketplace …

© OASIS 2003


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Business Benefits from a Service Oriented Architecture

© OASIS 2003


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The Dawn of a New Era Built on Service Oriented Architecture

© OASIS 2003


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Vision of a Service-Oriented Architecture

  • A place where services are ubiquitous and organically integrated into the way we think and work.

  • A place where both users and providers of information interact through a common focus on services.

  • A world where technology is implemented within industry frameworks that operate on a global scale, enabled by open, interoperable standards.

© OASIS 2003


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A Common Web Service Framework Is Essential

  • To provide a sustainable foundation,

  • That will allow end-user companies to achieve the payback they require,

  • To invest widely in the service-oriented architecture.

© OASIS 2003


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Achieving Sustainable Business Benefits through a Common Web Service Framework

In this post-dot-com era, end user companies are expecting more liquidity and longevity of their assets.

To achieve the ROI, Cost Reduction and Service Expansion benefits expected; the widespread deployment of standards-based Web services is essential.

© OASIS 2003


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What is a Web Service?

Architectural Definition

Core Protocols

© OASIS 2003


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Some Days Its Hard to Know Which Way is Up or Down

© OASIS 2003


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Web Services Definition

A Web service is a software application identified by a URI, whose interfaces and bindings are capable of being defined, described and discovered as XML artifacts. A Web service supports direct interactions with other software agents using XML-based messages via Internet-based protocols.

--W3C Web Services Architecture Working Group

© OASIS 2003

© W3C 2002.


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Web Services Issues

© OASIS 2003


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Fundamental Issues that Must Be Addressed

  • A common framework for Web service interactions based on open standards must occur.

  • An agreed set of vocabularies and interactions for specific industries or common functions must be adopted.

© OASIS 2003


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Issues Impacting Web Services for the Global Business Market

  • Moving proprietary WS specifications through an open standards process

    • Core specifications (SOAP, WSDL) at W3C

    • Infrastructure specifications (security, management, business process, etc.) at OASIS

  • Coordinating and demonstrating related infrastructure standards

  • Adapting industry business vocabularies and business scenarios to WS framework

© OASIS 2003


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Value Proposition for Open Standards

© OASIS 2003


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Formula for Sustainable Standards

Traction

XML

W3C

SOAP v1.1

SOAP v1.2

W3C

ebMSG v2

OASIS

Market Adoption

WSDL v1.1

WSDL v1.2

W3C

eb Reg v2

OASIS

UDDI v2,3

UDDI.org

UDDI v2,3

OASIS

SGML

ISO

Proprietary

JCV

Consortia

SDO

Sanction

Open Standardization

© OASIS 2003


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Why Are Software Standards Important?

Compatibility

Extensibility

Predictability

Interoperability

Rapid Development

Leverage Existing Skills

© OASIS 2003


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Why Do Vendors Comply?

  • Deliver customer value

    • Faster customization

    • Easier integration with other customer applications

  • Secure broader adoption of technology

    • More developers means broader deployment

    • More companies can easily build applications

  • Gain competitive edge

    • Leadership role in the formulation of standards

    • Larger developer community grows adoption

© OASIS 2003


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How Can Users Influence Vendors?

  • Examine and understand standards that are pertinent to your industry

  • Participate in standards bodies that relate to your business practices

  • Help vendors understand the importance of your requirements for interoperability

  • Help vendors understand what standards you rely upon today and in the future … and why

  • Do not purchase products from vendors who do not support the standards you need

© OASIS 2003


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Delphi Group Research on the Value of Open Software Standards

  • Greatest benefit to support open standards

    • Increases the value of existing and future investments in information systems

    • Provides greater software re-usability

    • Enables greater data portability

  • Factors driving participation in standards

    • Vendor neutral environment

    • Access to a community of developers

    • Membership comprised of both end-users and software developers

© OASIS 2003


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Delphi Group Research on the Value of Open Software Standards

“Compliance with standards in software development is not simply a strategic direction, but a business imperative.”

“Even those who took a very practical approach and stated that standards might slow down their efforts initially, agreed that in the long run the presence of a standard represented a much more secure investment.”

© OASIS 2003


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What Should an Open Standards Process Provide?

  • Opportunity to pursue technical work in a neutral environment – level playing field

  • Balanced participation by technology vendors, end users & governmental agencies

  • Opportunity to set the technical agenda – member driven

  • Active support from relevant industry associations

  • Visibility and sanction by an internationally recognized standards body

© OASIS 2003


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ebXMLElectronic Business using eXtensible Markup Language

The Global Standard for Electronic Business

Achieving International Support & Adoption

© OASIS 2003


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United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business

Developers of EDIFACT

One of four organizations in the world that can set de jure standards

World’s largest independent, non-profit organization dedicated to the standardization of XML applications

More than 600 members

© OASIS 2003


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ebXML Industry Adoption

  • Automotive (AIAG)

  • Computers, Electronic Components (RosettaNet)

  • Construction

  • e-Government

  • Financial Services (SWIFT)

  • Healthcare (HL7)

  • Human Resources (HR-XML)

  • Insurance (ACORD)

  • Law Enforcement

  • Petroleum - Oil & Gas (PIDX)

  • Pulp, Paper, Printing & Publishing

  • Steel

  • Telecommunications

  • Trading Networks

  • Transportation – Aerospace, Shipping

  • Travel – Airlines

© OASIS 2003


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IDAInterchange of Data between Administrations

XML Europe 2003

5th May, London

Paul E Murphy

IDA, Enterprise Directorate General

European Commission

© OASIS 2003


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Interoperability activities

Architecture Guidelines

XML / ebXML / Web Services

Interoperability

Framework

for pan-European

e-government services

BusinessModels

© OASIS 2003


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Business Models

ebXML

Web Services

Generic B2B

data exchange

Generic B2B

data exchange

XML / SOAP

XML / SOAP

Parallel

Merge or Parallel development?

Highly regulated

B2B

Not highly

regulated B2B

© OASIS 2003


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Electronic Business Technologies

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS

Role in Standards Adoption

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS drives the

development,

convergence and adoption

of e-business standards.

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS Relationships

  • Attempt to cooperate and liaise with other standards organizations as much as possible

    • Avoid duplication, promote interoperability

    • Gain sanction/authority for OASIS work

  • Formal working relationships with:

    • W3C, OMG, IDEAlliance, RosettaNet, CommerceNet

    • ACORD, HL7, LISA, SWIFT, VCA, UCC, ONCE, etc.

    • ISO/IEC JTC SC34, ISO TC154 (Cat. A Liaison)

    • ITU-T A.4 and A.5 Recognition

    • ISO, IEC, ITU, UN-ECE Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for E-Business

© OASIS 2003


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Balanced Member Representation

© OASIS 2003


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Conceptual Model for Standards

Transaction Instance

Vertical Industry

Transaction Patterns

Specialized Content

Specialized Processes

Generalized Content

Generalized Processes

Content Definition Language

Process Description Language

Registry / Directory

C o n f o r m a n c e / I n t e r o p e r a b I l I t y

S e c u r i t y

M a n a g e m e n t

Quality of Services

XML and WS

Repository

Presentation Description

Service Description Language

Messaging

XML Syntax

Transport

© OASIS 2003

Network


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Conceptual Model For OASIS

Transaction Instance

Transaction Patterns

Vertical Industry Area

Specialized Content

Specialized Processes

Generalized Content

Generalized Processes

Content Definition Language

Process Description Language

Registry / Directory

Conformance and Interoperability

Management

Quality of Services

S e c u r i t y

Repository

Presentation Description

Service Description Language

Messaging

XML Syntax

Transport

© OASIS 2003

Network


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OASIS TCs: Vertical

  • Automotive Repair Information

  • Controlled Trade

  • Docbook

  • Education XML

  • e-Government

  • e-Procurement Standardization

  • Election and Voter Services

  • Emergency Management

  • Human Markup

  • Tax XML

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS TCs: Vertical (cont.)

  • LegalXML

    • Court Filing

    • eContracts

    • eNotarization

    • Integrated Justice

    • Lawful Intercept

    • Legislative Information

    • Online Dispute Resolution (ODR)

    • Transcripts

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS TCs: Vertical (cont.)

  • Generalized Content Definition

    • Customer Information Quality (CIQ)

    • Open Office XML

  • Generalized Processes

    • ebXML CPPA

    • Localization Interchange Format (XLIFF)

    • Provisioning Services (SPML)

    • Translation Web Services

    • Content Assembly Mechanism (CAM)

© OASIS 2003


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Conceptual Model For OASIS

Transaction Instance

Transaction Patterns

Specialized Content

Specialized Processes

Generalized Content

Generalized Processes

Content Definition Language

Process Description Language

Registry / Directory

Conformance and Interoperability

Management

Quality of Services

S e c u r i t y

Repository

XML and Web Services Area

Presentation Description

Service Description Language

Messaging

XML Syntax

Transport

Network

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS TCs: XML and Web Services

  • Registries, Repositories, and Directories

    • Directory Services (DSML)

    • ebXML Registry

    • UDDI Specification

  • Messaging

    • ebXML Messaging

    • Web Services Reliable Messaging

  • Content Definition Language

    • Universal Business Language (UBL)

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS TCs: XML and Web Services (cont.)

  • Security

    • Access Control (XACML)

    • Application Vulnerability Description Lang. (AVDL)

    • Common Biometric Format (XCBF)

    • Digital Signature Services (DSS)

    • Extensible Resource Identifier (XRI)

    • Provisioning Services (SPML)

    • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)

    • Rights Language (RLTC)

    • Security Services (SAML)

    • Web Application Security (WAS)

    • Web Services Security (WSS)

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS TCs: XML and Web Services (cont.)

  • Process Description Language

    • Business Transaction Protocol (BTP)

    • Web Services Business Process Execution Language (WSBPEL)

  • Presentation Description

    • User Interface (UIML)

    • Web Services for Interactive Applications (WSIA)

    • Web Services Remote Portal (WSRP)

  • Management

    • Management Protocol

    • Web Services Distributed Management (WSDM)

© OASIS 2003


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OASIS Value

  • Sanctionx Traction = Adoption

  • Ten years demonstrated success

  • Neutral and independent

  • Technical and procedural competence

  • Worldwide visibility and outreach

  • Close coordination with peer standards organizations on a global level

  • Relevance, Openness, Implement-ability

© OASIS 2003


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Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world.

Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe

© OASIS 2003


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patrick.gannon@oasis-open.org

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