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الفصل الثاني - المركبات التناسقية Coordination Compounds PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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الفصل الثاني - المركبات التناسقية Coordination Compounds

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الفصل الثاني - المركبات التناسقية Coordination Compounds

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Coordination compounds

- Coordination Compounds

(Metal Complexes) : (M) (Ligands): L, L, L..... : ML, ML, ML ... .- K2[Cu(CN)4] : [Cu(CN)4]2- [Cu(NH3)4]2+.

KCN, Fe(CN)2, Fe(CN)3 . (Tassaert) 1798 .

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Coordination compounds

(Alfred Warner) . :

(1) : () ( ). () ( ).

(2) ( ) ( ) .

(3) . (Octahedral) . .

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Coordination compounds

(1) CoCl3.6NH3

: [Co(NH3)6]3+ [Co(NH3)6]Cl3.

+3 ( ) .

( ) (). (Ligands). ( ) (Coordination Sphere) . . .

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Coordination compounds

(2) CoCl3.5NH3

: [Co(NH3)5Cl]2+ [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2

.

[Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2 . : [Co(NH3)5Cl]2+ Cl- Cl-. : [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2.

:(3) CoCl3.4NH3 (4) CoCl3.3NH3

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Coordination compounds

(IUPAC) :

1- : : CaCl2 NaCl KCl :

2- : :

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Coordination compounds

3- : (). Cl- () CN- () ... . NH3 () CO () ... . H2O () :

4- : : () . () . () ( ). :

. : (OH-) (Cl-) (NO3-) : (C2O42-) () (H2O) (NH3) (PH3) (H2N-CH2CH2-NH2) :

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Coordination compounds

5- :

: .... ( ) (Br-) (Cl-) (NO2-) ... (-) (bis-) (-) (tris-) (-) (tetrakis-) (-) (pentakis-) (-) (hexakis-) .... . ( : (H2N-CH2CH2-NH2) .

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Coordination compounds

6- : . .

7- : () :

8- : () () .

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Coordination compounds

-( )(+3)---- ( )(+4)

-- (+3)

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Coordination compounds

9- : :

:

10- : (-) (cis-) (-) (trans-) ( ). :

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Coordination compounds

11- : ( d-) ( l-) (+) (-) :

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Coordination compounds

(-) - -( ) (+3)

12- : (bi-) . :

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Coordination compounds

:

1- :

(Cl-) (NO2-) (F-) (H2O:) (:NH3) ( ) .

2- :

. " " . .

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Coordination compounds

:

3- :

. (P , N) (S, O):

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Coordination compounds

:

() :

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Coordination compounds

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Coordination compounds

- . Cl- Mn(CO)5 Mn(CO)6 Mn2(CO)10 - :

- Cl-

- CO

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