VOLLEYBALL OFFICIALS EDUCATION PROGRAM 2013. This Power Point Presentation m ust b e v iewed i n t he “Slide Show” mode f or t he a nimations t o function. Advance the slides by clicking the mouse or the space bar. 2013 Volleyball Certification Clinic Classroom Session Agenda.
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Classroom Session Agenda
Start of match protocol with Introductions and/or National Anthem
Start of match protocol with No Introductions or National Anthem
Starting the match
Line Judge Duties and Responsibilities
End of Non-deciding set protocol
Coin toss procedure prior to deciding set
End of set protocol
R2’s Specific Duties and Responsibilities
Time outs—Special situations
Use of electronic equipment by teams
Rule 5-2: Officials’ Hand Signals Mechanics (New 2013)
Art. 1 After a referee whistles to signal the end of the rally, that referee indicates the decision with the official hand signals.
a. If the fault is whistled by the first referee, he or she indicates the result of the play (point or replay) followed by the nature of the fault. The second referee mirrors the first referee’s signals.
Exception: The second referee does not mirror the signal for a net serve.
b. If a fault is whistled by the second referee, he or she will indicate the nature of the fault and the player at fault, if necessary. The first referee, if in agreement, will then indicate the result of the play (point or replay), followed by the nature of the fault; the player at fault, if necessary; the second referee will mirror the signal of point or replay. The second referee does not need to mirror the first referee’s fault signal since he/she has already given that particular signal.
Art. 2When a double fault occurs, either referee indicates the nature of the faults and, if necessary, the players at fault. The first referee then indicates the result of the play (9-7-2, Pen. 2), which is mirrored by the second referee.
NATIONAL ANTHEM PROTOCOL
The following is the recommended protocol to be used by referees and line judges during IHSAA volleyball matches that include player introductions and/or the National Anthem.
At the end of the timed warm-up and before the start of pre-match ceremonies, both referees and the two line judges walk across the court to the referee’s stand.
2. The first referee and one line judge should be on the left side of the net (looking
from the score table), first referee closest to the net.
The second referee and one line judge should be on the right side of the net
(looking from the score table), second referee closest to the net.
4. The line judge flags should be placed on the referee’s stand.
If there is no Anthem
or introduction of
players, the players
go directly to their
positions on the end
Use this protocol only
if the home team has
the National Anthem
and/or introduces the
All four officials should face the flag and stand at attention during the National Anthem.
All four officials should face the court during player introductions.
At the completion of player introductions, the first referee should take a step
toward the court, whistle and beckon both teams onto the court to shake hands.
(If hands are not to be shaken, the first referee can motion for the starting players to
take their court positions and the remaining team members to go to the bench area).
No Introductions or National Anthem
If a match does not include the National Anthem and introductions, both referees
assume their positions for the start of the match.
2. The line judges move, with their flags, to their respective corners of the court.
The second referee whistles and directs the players from their team benches to their respective end lines. The teams shall line up on the end lines until the first referee whistles and beckons the players to enter the court.
In the case where no introductions are made, all team members may go to the end line to participate in the traditional hand shake with the opponents prior to the match.
After the hand shake, the teams may huddle briefly on the court. The first referee then motions for the starting players to take their court positions and the remaining team members are to go to the bench area. The libero, if used, should be off the court during the line-up check by the second referee.
Thoroughness in pre-match procedures enables the officials to be properly prepared for the match, thus setting the tone for the match to begin on time, in a smooth and efficient manner.
are required to provide the line judge flags. (New in 2013)
Referees may provide line judge flags, but are not required to do so.
If no flags are available, the referees should instruct the line judges
to use hand signals and proceed with the match.
At the conclusion of the match in which no line judge flags were provided, the referees must inform the host management and the IHSAA of the issue.
Line Judge Base Position
1. Line judges are assigned their positions by the first referee and shall hold
these same positions relative to the court throughout the match.
2. A line judge’s base position shall be at the intersection of the left sideline and the end line in the LB corner of each court.
Line Judge Positions
Raise the Flag
Ball In Bounds
Point with the flag down.
Line Fault (Foot Fault)
Wave the flag side to side and point with finger to the fault area
Contact with a Player (Touch)
Raise the flag to shoulder height in front
of the body and place the open palm
of the other hand on the tip of the flag
Wave the flag side to side and
point with finger toward the antenna
Did Not See The Play
Cross arms across chest
The first referee whistles the play dead, awards the deciding point of the set, and
indicates the fault.
After visually confirming the score with the second referee, the first referee
whistles, gives the end-of-set signal, then whistles, signals the teams to change courts.
The teams are no longer directed to their respective end lines prior to changing courts.
(New in 2013)
The team members, on the benches, walk in front of the officials’ table to their new
team benches. The players, on the court, proceed counterclockwise along the
sidelines past the standards to their new team benches.
The second referee shall monitor the exchange of courts.
The second referee instructs the timer to start the three-minute clock, initials the
score sheet and collects the new lineups for the next set.
Prior to Deciding Set
1. The first referee whistles the play dead, awards the deciding point of the set, and
indicates the fault.
2. After visually confirming the score with the second referee, the first referee
whistles, gives the end-of-set signal, and directs the teams to their respective benches.
3. The first referee remains on the referee’s stand.
4. The second referee calls the captains to the officials’ table for the coin toss with
a double whistle while holding a coin above his/her head. (New in 2013)
The second referee conducts the coin toss in front of the officials’ table with the
home team captain calling the toss. The winner of the coin toss shall choose to
serve/receive, or the playing area. The loser of the toss shall be given the
Prior to Deciding Set
After the coin toss, the second referee indicates to the first referee which team has the first serve with an extended arm and open hand.
Then, the second referee signals to the first referee that the teams shall change courts or remain at their current benches.
The first referee whistles and signals for the teams to change courts or remain at their bench.
The second referee observes the change of team benches, if necessary, and instructs the timer to start the three-minute clock.
10. The second referee gives the results of the coin toss to the scorer.
11. The second referee verifies the score of the previous set by initialing the score
sheet and prepares for the next set.
During the set, the second referee\'s specific responsibilities shall be to:
1. Whistle and give the signal for calls he/she initiates, including time-out and substitution;
2. Mirror the first referee\'s signal for each loss of rally/point, violation or replay/re-serve;
3. Assist the first referee by making sure a whistle is blown for each dead ball;
4. Determine the alignment of players on the receiving team at the moment of the serve;
5. Determine net faults on both sides of the net;
6. Determine hand/foot faults at the center line;
7. Determine back-row player faults;
8. Control the entry of substitutes onto the playing area;
9. Check the lineup of each team from the lineup card prior to each set and identify the floor
captain to the R1 (New). Once the lineup is verified, the libero may enter the set;
10. Manage illegal replacements;
11. Grant time-outs and indicate the number of time-outs used by each team (New in 2013),
substitutions, and requests for serving order;
12. Whistle when both teams are ready to play prior to 60 seconds expiring;
13. Signal at the completion of a charged time-out, how many time-outs each team has used;
14. Notify the coach when a team uses its 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th substitution;
15. Check the score sheet for accuracy during each time-out and at the end of each set;
16. Verify and confirm to the first referee that the 24th point has been scored (14th point in
a deciding set.);
17. Initial the score sheet after each set, including the end of the match (New in 2013);
18. Determine, then notify first referee of unsporting conduct violations by players, coaches
or other team personnel;
19. Confirm illegal player equipment or uniform and warnings, penalties and disqualifications
for unsporting conduct with the scorer;
20. If requested by the first referee, notify appropriate coach of reason for disqualification;
21. In the absence of a timer, time time-outs and intervals between sets;
22. Conduct the coin toss prior to the deciding set
An all-white, short-sleeved collared polo shirt with the IHSAA logo on the left chest
Referee’s shirts MUST HAVE
this IHSAA logo starting
with the 2013 volleyball season
Starting with the 2013 volleyball season,
shirts with this logo ARE NOT to be worn by referees during any IHSAA sanctioned match.
Indiana DOES NOT allow officials to officiate while wearing shorts
The shirts should be clean, pressed, and not yellowed
The slacks should be clean and pressed
The shoes should be polished
Equipment needed includes
but is not limited to:
Volleyball referees need specific
equipment to officiate a match.
Injury Time Out—Rule: 5-8-3b
Both the second referee and the official timer will now time the 30-second
injury time-out without use of the visible scoreboard (New in 2013).
Special Injury Time Out—Rule: 11-4-2 (New in 2013)
In the case of a team having an injured/ill player who is unable to play
at the end of an official’s time-out regarding injury/illness and all other time-outs
and no legal or exceptional substitute is available, the first referee may call a
special injury time-out of up to three minutes for the injured/ill player to return.
If the player cannot return by the conclusion of the special injury time-out,
then the team shall play short for the remainder of the set.
A player may be granted only a single special injury time-out during the match.
A team may use electronic devices during the match: (New in 2013)
Host management has the authority to establish restricted areas where the teams’ electronic device(s) shall not be used.
The first referee may restrict the use of the device(s) if it is determined the device(s) interferes with the contest.
The prematch conference is conducted
by the R1 and R2, standing together
facing the court. The conference should be brief
and include, but not be limited to, the following:
request time-out from the playing court or to
verify a non-judgment call.
7. Reminder to play until a whistle is heard and, when appropriate, to return the ball promptly to the opponent’s court by rolling it under the net
8. Review court protocol, start of match procedure, warm-up procedures, etc.
9. The first referee conducts the coin toss.
10. Answer any questions from either team. Wish each team a good match.
11. Begin the prescribed timed warm-up
Volleyball equipment is available for purchase through many companies.
Some company websites are listed below. Others can be found through web searches.
Vendors which sell referee shirts for IHSAA volleyball can be found at www.ihsaa.org.