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ยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตแบบสีเขียว (Green Growth). ประเสริฐสุข จามรมาน รองผู้อำนวยการองค์การบริหารจัดการก๊าซเรือนกระจก. Contents. 1. Background. 2. Benefit from the Republic of Korea. Potential Cooperation. 3. Background of UNFCCC & Kyoto Protocol. Annex I Party (developed country ).

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green growth

ยุทธศาสตร์การเติบโตแบบสีเขียว (Green Growth)

ประเสริฐสุข จามรมาน

รองผู้อำนวยการองค์การบริหารจัดการก๊าซเรือนกระจก

contents
Contents

1

Background

2

Benefit from the Republic of Korea

Potential Cooperation

3

background of unfccc kyoto protocol
Background of UNFCCC & Kyoto Protocol

Annex I Party

(developed country)

United Nations

Framework Convention

on Climate Change

(UNFCCC) 1994

Non-Annex I Party

(developing country)

Annex I Parties

Targets : reduce GHG

5% of 1990 by 2012

(first commitment period)

Kyoto Protocol

2005

Non-Annex I Parties

Without binding targets

background kyoto protocol
Background: Kyoto Protocol
  • Kyoto Protocol
    • adopted in 1997 & entered into force in 2005
    • Legally binding with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets for Annex I Parties
  • Kyoto Mechanisms
    • Joint Implementation (Art. 6)
    • Clean Development Mechanism (Art. 12)
    • International Emissions Trading (Art. 17)
clean development mechanisms cdm
Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM)
  • Purpose of CDM (KP Art.12.2)
    • To assist Annex I Parties in achieving compliance with their emissions reduction targets of the Kyoto Protocol
    • To assist non-Annex I Parties in achieving sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the UNFCCC
  • Annex I Parties : carry out project activities to reduce GHG emissions
    • Credits will be issues based on emission
      • Credits from CDM = Certified emission reductions (CERs) unit : ton CO2equivalent/year
    • Annex I Parties can use CERs to achieve their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol
cdm project cycle
CDM project cycle
  • Preparation of Project Idea Note (PIN)
  • Preparation of Project Design Document (PDD)
  • Stakeholders consultation by project developer

Project design

  • Check by Designated National Authority for CDM
  • on sustainability contribution => approve/ disapprove

Country approval

  • Very detailed check by Designated Operational
  • Entity of PDD (Calculations, additionality,
  • procedures, consultation of stakeholders etc.
  • Public consultation

Validation

Registration

  • CDM Executive Board decides on registration
  • Monitoring of emission reductions

Monitoring

  • Verification of monitoring report by Designated
  • Operational Entity (DOE)
  • Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)

Verification/

Certification

  • CERs are issued by CDM Executive Board

Issuance of CERs

what is additionality in the cdm
What is additionality in the CDM?

 without credits

without additional income

without good image

Without CDM

Private business may not implement the project because of barriers

Biomass power generation

This is additionality

with credits

with additional income

with good image

With CDM

Private business will implement the project

Source: IGES (2008)

1 st east asia climate forum outcome
1st East Asia Climate Forum Outcome
  • The 1st East Asia Climate Forum was held on 29 May 2009.
  • Mr. Lee MyungBak proposed “East Asia Climate Partnership” scheme:
    • Offer $200 million for developing countries in East Asia within 5 year-term
    • Support Low Carbon-Green Growth Policy
why republic of korea
Why Republic of Korea?

Republic of Korea is well-developed in:

Voluntary Carbon Credit (Korea Certified Emission Reductions: KCERs)

National Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA)

Designated Operational Entities (DOE)

Technology

average annual carbon reduction
Average Annual Carbon Reduction

Source: http://cdm.unfccc.int (June 14, 2010)

korea certified emission reductions kcers
Korea Certified Emission Reductions: KCERs
  • Korea’s Emission Reduction Registration Program (KERRP)
    • 1st program from non-Annex I country that promotes voluntary carbon credit
    • Stimulate greenhouse gas emission reduction from private sector
    • Korean Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO) is cooperating with TGO on this issue.
national appropriate mitigation action nama
National Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA)

NAMA is a national policy in mitigating climate change problem.

It is required to all parties under the UNFCCC.

Republic of Korea is professional in creating NAMA

designated operational entities doe under the cdm
Designated Operational Entities (DOE) under the CDM
  • DOE is either a domestic entity or international designated or accredited by the CDM EB.
  • Two main functions:
    • Validation CDM project
    • Verification GHG emission reduction
  • Thailand does not have Thai DOE.
  • Republic of Korea has developed several DOEs.
technology transfer
Technology Transfer
  • Republic of Korea is one of the world leaders in technology.
  • To support “Green Growth” policy of Mr. Lee Myung Bak.
    • Develop Green Technology
what will thailand get
What will Thailand get?
  • Develop Voluntary Carbon Credit
    • Promote carbon reduction from private sector to achieve sustainable development
  • Produce effective NAMA
    • develop efficient policy for climate change mitigation
  • Develop Thai DOEs
    • Stimulate project developers to perform CDM project
  • Advance Green Technology
thank you

Thank You!

ประเสริฐสุข จามรมาน

รองผู้อำนวยการองค์การบริหารจัดการก๊าซเรือนกระจก

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