Analysis and reduction soft delay errors in cmos circuits
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Analysis and Reduction Soft Delay Errors in CMOS Circuits. Balkaran Gill, Chris Papachristou, and Francis Wolff Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Case Western Reserve University Cleveland Ohio USA. Outline. Introduction. Soft delay phenomenon. Soft delay modeling.

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Analysis and Reduction Soft Delay Errors in CMOS Circuits

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Analysis and reduction soft delay errors in cmos circuits

Analysis and Reduction Soft Delay Errors in CMOS Circuits

Balkaran Gill, Chris Papachristou, and Francis Wolff

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland Ohio USA


Outline

Outline

  • Introduction.

  • Soft delay phenomenon.

  • Soft delay modeling.

  • Soft delay error analysis and reduction technique in combinational circuits.

  • Future work and conclusion.


Introduction

Introduction

  • Single Event Upsets (SEUs) are due to high energy particle strikes at sensitive nodes in CMOS circuits.

  • These upsets originate from cosmic rays in outer space and α-particles within the chip.

  • Soft Error Rate (SER) in CMOS circuits is projected to increase as the process technology scales down.


Introduction cont d

Introduction (cont’d)

  • A particle strike at the sensitive nodes of combinational circuits results in a glitch (pulse) which can propagate to the circuit output and captured by output flip-flops.

  • A particle strike at the sensitive node during the signal transition can result in temporary delay (soft delay) which can violate the circuit timing.

  • SEUs in memory cause temporary cell flip.

  • Semiconductor memories are more vulnerable than logic.


Soft delay phenomenon

Soft Delay Phenomenon

  • When a particle strike occurs during the transition at a node, it can introduce additional temporary delay.


Soft delay propagation

Soft Delay Propagation

  • Propagation of the soft delay.


Soft delay propagation1

Soft Delay Propagation

  • The pulse generated due to the particle strike during the transition attenuates resulting in soft delay.

Soft Delay Error


Soft delay modeling

Soft Delay Modeling

  • Mixed-mode simulations: Circuit and Device Simulations.


Device simulations for soft delay

Device simulations for Soft Delay

  • Particle strike simulations using photo-generation models in DAVINCI.


Current pulse extraction

Current Pulse Extraction

  • Extracted current pulses for various energies of the hitting particle.


Soft delay in iscas85 benchmark circuits

Soft Delay in ISCAS85 Benchmark Circuits

  • Soft delay at the critical path of ISCAS85 circuits for various hitting particle energies.


Soft delay error analysis and mitigation flow

Soft Delay Error Analysis and Mitigation Flow


Reducing sde example

Reducing SDE - Example


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Found Soft Delay problem and developed models to analyze its effects.

  • Verification of the soft delay using mixed-mode simulations.

  • Characterization of the soft delay in ISCAS85 circuits.

  • Soft delay error analysis and mitigation technique.


Current and future work

Current and Future Work

  • Current work

    • Soft delay error analysis approach for large circuits.

    • Soft errors analysis in reconfigurable system (FPGA).

  • Future work

    • System level node sensitivity analysis approach.

    • Mitigation techniques for soft errors in VLSI circuits.

    • Mitigation techniques for soft errors in SRAM.


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