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ASIA. DIVERSE CULTURES – Ethnic and Religions Groups FSMS Standard SSG712a.b Day 12-16. ASIA Diverse cultures - Religions. SS7G12 – The students will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.

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Asia

ASIA

DIVERSE CULTURES – Ethnic and Religions Groups

FSMS

Standard SSG712a.b

Day 12-16


Asia diverse cultures religions

ASIADiverse cultures - Religions

SS7G12 – The students will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.

a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and religious groups.

b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism and the philosophy of Confucianism.


First five

FIRST FIVE

Agenda Message: Social Studies Choice Board Projects are due no later than Friday, December 13th. Before-school tutoring is tomorrow starting at 7:30a.

Standard:Compare and contrast different Religious groups in S&EA.

Essential Question, Monday 12/2/13: What is the difference between a religious and an ethnic group?

Warm Up:

Name ten geographic landforms we have studied in S&EA.

Today We Will:

  • Geography Quick Quiz

  • Introduction to the Religions of S&EA


Answer

answer

E.Q. Answer for Monday 12/2/13:

An ethnic group is a group of people who share

cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations. The characteristics they have in common can include;

  • Language

  • Religion

  • History

  • Types of food

  • A set of traditional stories

  • Beliefs, or

  • Celebrations

    A religious group shares;

  • A belief system in a god or gods,

  • With a specific set of rituals, and

  • Spiritual literature


Answer1

answer

Warm-Up Answer for 12/2/13:

(Any ten of the following is an acceptable answer)

Indus River Ganges RiverYangtze River

Mekong River Huang He RiverGobi Desert

Tibetan PlateauTaklimakan DesertArabian Sea

South China SeaYellow SeaKorean Peninsula

Bay of Bengal Himalayan MountainsSea of Japan


First five1

FIRST FIVE

Agenda Message: After-school tutoring is tomorrow from 4-5p. Choice Board Project is due Friday, December 13th.

Standard: Compare & contrast the prominent religions of S&EA. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, & Confucianism)

Essential Question, Tuesday 12/3/13: What is the relationship between reincarnation and the caste system in Hinduism?

Warm Up: When was the Hindu religion developed and in which country?

Today We Will:

  • Continue with the Religions of S&EA, finish Hinduism

  • Chapter 26 Worksheet “Asia Has It All”

  • Start Buddhism


Answer2

ANSWER

E.Q. Answer for Tuesday 12/3/13:

Hindus also believe in reincarnation,the idea that the soul does not die with the body, but enters the body of another being, either a person or animal.

Another important part of Hinduism is the caste system, a belief that social class is hereditary (inherited), and does not change throughout a persons life. The only way to move to a higher caste was to be born into one in the next life.

Warm-Up:

1500 B.C. in India


First five2

FIRST FIVE

Agenda Message: After-school tutoring TODAY from 4-5p. Quiz Thursday, Dec. 12th on Geography, Population Distribution, & Religions of S&EA. Choice Board Projects are due Dec. 13th.

Standard: Compare & contrast the prominent religions of S&EA. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, & Confucianism)

Essential Question, Wednesday; 12/4/13: What is the ultimate goal of Buddhists?

Warm Up: What is the definition for reincarnation?

Today We Will:

  • Continue with the Religions of S&EA (finish Hinduism and start Buddhism)


Answer3

answer

Essential Question Answer for Wednesday; 12/4/13:

The ultimate goal for Buddhists is to reach Nirvana, a state of perfect peace

Warm-Up Answer:

Hindus also believe in reincarnation,the idea that the soul does not die with the body, but enters the body of another being, either a person or animal.


First five3

FIRST FIVE

Agenda Message: Geography, Population Distribution & Religions of S&EA Quiz is Thursday, Dec. 12th. Study!!! Choice Board Projects are due no later than Friday, Dec. 13th.

Standard: Compare & contrast the prominent religions of S&EA. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, & Confucianism)

Essential Question, Thursday, 12/5/13: How do many Shinto followers worship their ancestors?

Warm Up: Who started Buddhism and in what year?

Today We Will:

  • Continue with the Religions of S&EA (finish Buddhism, Shintoism, & start Confucianism)

  • Chapter 27 “Culture & Religion in Southeast Asia”


Answer4

answer

Essential Question Answer for Thursday, 12/5/13:

Many Shinto build shrines and worship their ancestors who they believe became kami when they died.

Warm-Up Answer:

Siddhartha Gautama, a rich young man, founded the religion about 500 B.C.


First five4

FIRST FIVE

Agenda Message: Geography & Religions of S&EA Quick Quiz is TODAY. Choice Board Project is due Friday, Dec. 13th. Social Studies Progress Reports go home next week.

Standard: Compare & contrast the prominent religions of S&EA. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, & Confucianism)

Essential Question, Friday, 12/6/13: Who was Confucius? What did he believe?

Warm Up: What beliefs did Buddha accept from the Hindu religion?

Today We Will:

  • Quick Quiz

  • Introduce Shinto religion & Confucius


Answer5

answer

Essential Question Answer for Friday, 12/6/13:

Confucius was one of the most important scholars in Chinese history. He believed that the key to peace and social order was for people to behave with good character and virtue.

Warm-Up Answer:

He accepted the Hindu belief in reincarnation and karma, but he did not accept the caste system or the need for priests. He also did not recognize gods. He felt man alone could change evil into good.


Asia diverse cultures religions1

ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

An ethnic group is a group of people who share

cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations. The characteristics they have in common can include;

  • Language

  • Religion

  • History

  • Types of food

  • A set of traditional stories

  • Beliefs, or

  • Celebrations


Asia diverse cultures religions2

ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

A religious group shares;

  • A belief system in a god or gods,

  • With a specific set of rituals, and

  • Spiritual literature

    People from different ethnic groups may share the same religion, though they may be from very different cultures.


Asia diverse cultures religions3

ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions


Asia diverse cultures religions4

ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

HINDUISM

Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Hinduism is the 3rd largest religion in the world.

This religion developed in India, taking much from the religions practice by Aryans, a group who had invaded the country from the north around 1500 B.C.

The worship of Aryan priests followed complicated rituals and hymns known as the Vedas, of The Books of Knowledge.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

These prayers and rituals, along with many other Aryan beliefs led to the development of the religion known as Hinduism.

It has been said that Hinduism is a religion of 330 million gods. There can be as many Hindu Gods as there are Hindu followers to suit the moods, feelings, emotions and social background of everyone.


Asia diverse cultures religions6

ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

There is a wide variety of gods to choose from to worship with statues and symbols to pay respect to.

If one wants to pray for acquiring knowledge and understanding, he would pray to the god Sarasati, for example.

One might pray to the god, Moksha, to obtain God’s grace. Many Hindus worship their own village god or goddesses.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

However to say that Hinduism is a polytheistic religion would be incorrect.

Many Hindus view the religion as monotheistic with only “one supreme being”, Brahma. All other gods or goddesses are simply facets (parts of) this one God.

In the Hindu faith, there is a trinity as in the Christian faith, where God is in three persons.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Brahma: is the creator of all reality,

Vishnu or Krishna: is the preserver of all creations.

Shiva: is the destroyer.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Hindus also believe that all living beings have souls, animals as well as people. Some animals, like the cow, are considered especially sacred.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Many Hindus are vegetarians, meaning that they eat no meat.

Hindus also believe in reincarnation,the idea that the soul does not die with the body, but enters the body of another being, either a person or animal.

The type of life a person leads determines what his next life will be like. A good person will have a better life in his next reincarnation. An evil person will suffer in his next life.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

A soul is reincarnated over and over again, until the life it lives is good enough to bring it to be united with Brahman.

The belief that one’s actions determine one’s fate is calledKarma, another important Hindu belief.

Another important part of Hinduism is the caste system, a belief that social class is hereditary (inherited), and does not change throughout a persons life.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

The only way to move to a higher caste was to be born into one in the next life.

There are five main castes;

~ priests and wise men, or Brahmas, are the highest

~ warriors and rulers are next

~ merchants, traders and small farmers are third

~ the Sudras, or peasants and field workers, are last

~ a fifth caste considered even lower, the untouchables, or pariahs, who do work no one else would do


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

There are divisions within each caste, making Indian social structure very complicated.

Traditional families would not let their children marry someone from a different caste. Many jobs in India are still awarded based on caste connections.

The government of India is working to make caste divisions less important, but this is a tradition that is slow to change.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Hinduism is practiced most widely in India where over 80% of Indians claim to be Hindu.


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BUDDHISM

Buddhism is a religion that also began in India.

Siddhartha Gautama, a rich young man, founded the religion about 500 B.C. He had a life of luxury, but was troubled by the poverty and suffering he saw in the world around him.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

He left his family and became a wandering monk for a number of years, hoping to learn why people had to suffer.

Finally, he quit wandering and simply sat and thought, meditated, about the unhappiness of man.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

He felt he understood what needed to be done. He believed that people could find peace if they could reject greed and desire.

He accepted the Hindu belief in reincarnation and karma, but he did not accept the caste system or the need for priests.

He was called “Buddha” or “The Enlightened One,“ by his followers.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Buddha taught that there were Four Noble Truthsin life.

  • One was that life always brought pain.

  • The second was that suffering and sorrow were usually caused by greed and the desire for material things.

  • Third was that by giving up these greedy desires, a person could end his suffering and reach Nirvana, a state of perfect peace. Nirvana is the ultimate goal of Buddhists.

  • The fourth was that to achieve Nirvana, a person needed to follow The Middle Way.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

The Middle Way was accomplished by following what Buddha called the Eightfold Path (eight rules for conduct):

  • Try to recognize the truth

  • Try to avoid evil actions and bad people

  • Do not say things that hurt others

  • Respect other people and their belongings

  • Choose a job that does no harm to others

  • Do not think evil thoughts

  • Avoid excitement or anger

  • Work at meditation, thinking carefully about what matters in life


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Buddha believed that unselfishness was the key to everything.

He did not recognize gods or see a need for priests. He felt man alone could change evil into good.

If one followed the Middle Way, ones soul would eventually reach a state of perfect peace, or Nirvana.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Their holy book, the Tripitaka, tells all of Buddha’s teachings.

Buddhists do not worship a god but rather Buddha by thanking him for his teachings and reading the Tripitaka to become more enlightened.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Buddhism Summary

Buddhism is the teachings of one man.

Nirvana is the ultimate goal of the Buddhists. It is a state of enlightenment where one can have happiness and peace. It is often found through meditation.

About 6% of the world’s population today is Buddhist, making it the fourth largest religion in the world. Its largest numbers of followers are found in Southern and Eastern Asia.


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Compare ~ Contrast

Hinduism & Buddhism


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

ISLAM (review)

Islam is the second largest religion in the world. Only Christianity has more followers.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

SHINTO

The earliest religion of Japan was Shintoism, which literally means the “way of the gods.”

Shintoism is based on the traditional Japanese teaching that everything in nature contains kami, or the spirit of a god.

Unlike most of the religions of Southern and Eastern Asia, Shintoism has no rules for moral living and no concepts of a single ruling God.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

The basic ideas of Shinto include:

  • Shintoists are expected to be reverent to nature, life, birth, and fertility.

  • Shinto teaches that physical purity is more important than moral purity

  • Many Shinto build shrines and worship their ancestors who they believe became kami when they died


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Since Shinto offers no ideas of a moral code or one God, many people who practice Shinto also practice another religion such as Buddhism.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Shintoism was once the official religion of Japan. It is no longer the official religion, but Shintoism is still widely honored among Japanese.

There are followers of Shintoism around the world, but they are relatively few in number when compared with other major religions.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

CONFUCIANISM

Confucius was one of the most important scholars in Chinese history.

He was born around 550 B.C. at a time when the government was having trouble keeping order and warlords controlled much of the countryside.

He believed that the key to peace and social order was for people to behave with good character and virtue.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

Virtue is behaving fairly and with justice towards others.

His Golden Rule of Behavior was “What you do not like when done unto yourself, do not unto others.”

He believed a good ruler was one who treated his people fairly and was kind to them.

Confucius was not a religious prophet or even a religious leader.


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ASIAdiverse cultures - Religions

He saw himself as a teacher and Confucianism is thought of as a philosophy or ethical system based on good deeds and morality rather than a religion.

Confucius believed there were five basic relationships among men:

a. Ruler and subject

b. Father and son

c. Husband and wife

d. Older brother and younger brother

e. Friend and friend


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He believed that if each relationship was based on kindness, there would be peace and harmony in the country.

In 121 B. C. the Emperor Wu declared that Confucianism would be the official guiding practice for the Chinese government during his reign.

He hired Confucian scholars to make up his government staff and Confucian philosophy continued to have a great influence on Chinese government for 2000 years.


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Even since the Communist revolution in China in 1949, many in China still support the teaching of Confucius and his emphasis on treating people fairly.

Many other people in Southern and Eastern Asia also admire the teaching of Confucianism.

Many historians see Confucianism as one of the foundations of Chinese society.


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