Performance metrics in integrated justice measuring success and the need for improvement
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PERFORMANCE METRICS IN INTEGRATED JUSTICE : Measuring Success and the Need for Improvement. presented by: Bob Roper, CIO Colorado Judicial Branch Teri B. Sullivan, SEARCH Group. DO NOT PANIC—THIS IS NOT A STATISTICS COURSE. PRESENTATION OBJECTIVES.

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PERFORMANCE METRICS IN INTEGRATED JUSTICE : Measuring Success and the Need for Improvement

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Performance metrics in integrated justice measuring success and the need for improvement

PERFORMANCE METRICS IN INTEGRATED JUSTICE:Measuring Success and theNeed for Improvement

presented by:

Bob Roper, CIO Colorado Judicial Branch

Teri B. Sullivan, SEARCH Group


Do not panic this is not a statistics course

DO NOT PANIC—THIS IS NOT A STATISTICS COURSE


Presentation objectives

PRESENTATION OBJECTIVES

  • DEVELOP A RATIONALE FOR MEASURING CJIS OBJECTIVES: Why Measure Anything?

  • IDENTIFY METHODS FOR GATHERING DATA

  • OUTLINE SOME CJIS GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

  • SPECIFY SOME CJIS MEASUREMENTS LINKED TO GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

  • CONVERT DATA INTO INFORMATION: DISPLAYING THE METRICS

  • PROVIDE SOME CAUTIONS IN MEASURING CJIS OBJECTIVES

  • IDENTIFY SOME ADDITIONAL RESOURCES


Why measure cjis objectives

WHY MEASURE CJIS OBJECTIVES?


Why evaluate a cjis project are we beyond the trust me stage

WHY EVALUATE A CJIS PROJECT?Are We Beyond the “trust me” Stage?

  • INFORMATION IS CONTROL

  • PROVIDES FEEDBACK TO IMPROVE PRGM.

  • PROVIDES INFO FOR RESOURCE ALLOCATION

  • ENABLES EFFECTIVE PLANNING

  • TESTS GENERALIZATIONS vs INDIVIDUAL ASSUMPTIONS

  • MARKET TO, AND DEVELOP SUPPORT AMONG FUNDING BODIES, CONSTITUENTS, AND STAFF


Legislation that require quantifiable objectives

LEGISLATION THAT REQUIRE QUANTIFIABLE OBJECTIVES

  • Chief Financial Officers Act (CFO) of 1990

  • Government Performance and Results Act (Results Act) of 1993

  • Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act (FASA) of 1994

  • Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

  • Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996

  • Performance Based Budgeting


Methods for gathering data

METHODS FORGATHERING DATA


Measuring the success of the program compared to what

MEASURING THE SUCCESS OF THEPROGRAM: “Compared to What…?”

  • …OTHER PROGRAMS

  • …THE CURRENT SYSTEM - BASELINING

  • …OTHER JURISDICTIONS - BENCHMARKING

  • …OVER TIME


Use more than one measure the balanced scoreboard

USE MORE THAN ONE MEASURE:The Balanced Scoreboard

  • CUSTOMER PERSPECTIVE

  • INTERNAL BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE

  • INNOVATION AND LEARNING PERSPECTIVE

  • FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE


Integrated criminal justice objectives that can be measured

INTEGRATED CRIMINAL JUSTICE OBJECTIVES THAT CAN BE MEASURED


Defining the evaluation process how do i know it worked

DEFINING THE EVALUATION PROCESSHow Do I Know It Worked?

GOALS

“Broad Statements of Interest”

PROJECT OBJECTIVES

“Done on Time, Within Budget and Within Specs”

FUNCTIONAL OBJECTIVES

“Did It Perform As Designed?’

MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVES

“Why Did We Pursue the Program in the First Place?”


Sample goals of integrated justice

SAMPLE GOALS OF INTEGRATED JUSTICE

  • ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

  • IMPROVE ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE JUSTICE SYSTEM

  • IMPROVE PUBLIC TRUST AND CONFIDENCE IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM

  • IMPROVE CASEFLOW MANAGEMENT

  • IMPROVE STAFF EFFICIENCIES

  • ENHANCE THE QUALITY OF DECISION MAKING


Characteristics of measurable business objectives

CHARACTERISTICS OF MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVES

BE INCREASINGLY SPECIFIC ABOUT THE MEASURE—THE MORE SPECIFIC, THE MORE RELIABLE THE MEASURE:

  • WHAT IS THE MEASURE?

  • WHAT’S THE OBJECT OF THE MEASURE?

  • WHAT’S THE VALUE OF THE MEASURE FOR THAT OBJECT?

  • WHERE IS IT GOING TO BE MEASURED?

  • WHEN IS IT GOING TO REACH THAT VALUE?

    BE SURE YOUR MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVE IS RELATED TO A GOAL.


Evolution of a measurable business objective goal improve caseflow mgmt

EVOLUTION OF A MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVEGOAL: IMPROVE CASEFLOW MGMT

  • Reduce the time to disposition

  • Reduce the time to disposition of misdemeanor cases

  • Reduce the time to disposition of misdemeanor casesto an average of 6 months

  • Reduce the time to disposition of misdemeanor cases to an average of 6 months Statewide

  • Reduce the time to disposition of misdemeanor cases to an average of 6 months Statewideby 6/30/03


Evolution of a measurable business objective goal improve quality of decision mkg

EVOLUTION OF A MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVEGOAL: IMPROVE QUALITY OF DECISION-MKG

  • Reduce the number of false arrests

  • Reduce the number of false arrests of felony cases

  • Reduce the number of false arrests of felony casesto less than 4 a month

  • Reduce the number of false arrests of felony cases to an average of 6 months in Denver

  • Reduce the number of false arrests of felony cases to an average of 6 months Statewideby 9/30/02


Evolution of a measurable business objective goal improve public safety

EVOLUTION OF A MEASURABLE BUSINESS OBJECTIVEGOAL: IMPROVE PUBLIC SAFETY

  • Increase the percent of court dispositions that match to an arrest

  • Increase the percent of court dispositions that match to an arrest in felony cases

  • Increase the percent of court dispositions that match to an arrest in felony casesto 80%

  • Increase the percent of court dispositions that match to an arrest in felony cases to 80% Statewide

  • Increase the percent of court dispositions that match to an arrest in felony cases to 80% Statewideby 6/30/02


Some measurable objectives for integrated justice goals

SOME MEASURABLE OBJECTIVES FOR INTEGRATED JUSTICE GOALS


Performance metrics in integrated justice measuring success and the need for improvement

THESE ARE ONLY THE BASIC MEASURES THAT NEED TO BE EXPANDED AS DESCRIBED IN THE PRECEDING 3 EXAMPLES IN ORDER TO BECOME FULL MEASURABLE OBJECTIVES.


Goal enhance public safety some measurable objectives are

GOAL: ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETYSome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Increase the % of court dispositions that match to an arrest incident

  • Decrease the # of times court cases are not reported in criminal histories

  • Decrease the average response time it takes to receive a positive identification

  • Decrease the # of incidents where the wrong person is released from custody

  • Decrease the # of incidents where criminal records are associated with the wrong person

  • Decrease the recidivism rate

  • Reduce the # of escapes during prisoner transport

  • Decrease the % discrepancy between active warrants on the court system and those on the State Registry

  • Decrease the amount of time it takes to issue victim notices


Goal improve accountability some measurable objectives are

GOAL: IMPROVE ACCOUNTABILITYSome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Increase the # of Mgmt Reports available to the public on the WWW

  • Increase the # of hits on the CJIS Web page

  • Increase the # hrs the general public views data electronically


Goal improve public trust confidence some measurable objectives are

GOAL: IMPROVE PUBLIC TRUST/CONFIDENCESome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Reduce the # hrs it takes to respond to a request from the general public

  • Reduce the # minutes it takes to complete a criminal history background check

  • Increase the % of the general public that trusts the courts

  • Increase the % of the general public that is satisfied with local law enforcement

  • Reduce the # of civil complaints against local law enforcement


Goal improve caseflow mgmt some measurable objectives are

GOAL:IMPROVE CASEFLOW MGMTSome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Reduce the # of continuances per case originating from scheduling conflicts

  • Reduce the # of cases without a next scheduled event

  • Increase the % of hearings held as scheduled

  • Reduce the average days from arrest to arraignment

  • Reduce the average days held waiting for bond decisions

  • Reduce the # days to process cases from arrest to disposition

  • Reduce the processing time required to process inmates at the Department of Corrections


Goal enhance staff efficiencies some measurable objectives are

GOAL: ENHANCE STAFF EFFICIENCIESSome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Reduce the # hrs staff spends entering data electronically

  • Reduce number of hrs to collect data manually

  • Reduce # of phone-calls among governmental entities

  • Reduce the costs of copying paper for other governmental entities

  • Reduce the costs of storing paper

  • Reduce the costs of buying paper supplies

  • Reduce the number of hrs spent filing paper manually

  • Reduce the mailing costs among governmental entities

  • Reduce the # of hrs spent searching other automated systems

  • Reduce the # of hrs spent by staff looking for hard copy files

  • Increase the # of law enforcement personnel that can be reassigned from a desk to the street

  • Increase the # of data transfers among the agencies

  • Reduce the costs associated with producing forms


Goal improve decision making quality some measurable objectives are

GOAL: IMPROVE DECISION MAKING QUALITYSome Measurable Objectives Are:

  • Reduce the # of false arrests

  • Reduce the # of hrs it takes to enter a court disposition into the State Criminal History Repository

  • Reduce the amount of missing data among the governmental entities

  • Reduce the # of data errors reported for correction

  • Decrease the amount of time it takes to enter a warrant into the State Warrant Registry

  • Decrease the amount of time it takes to enter a protective order into the Statewide Protective Order Registry

  • Increase the # of query hits among the agencies

  • Reduce the # of inaccurate background checks


Displaying and publishing the metrics

DISPLAYING AND PUBLISHING THE METRICS


Performance metrics in integrated justice measuring success and the need for improvement

…In order to reach the goals and objectives, one needs to measure and publish because, “People behave based on how they are measured.”


Displaying and publishing the results converting data into information

DISPLAYING AND PUBLISHING THE RESULTS:CONVERTING DATA INTO INFORMATION

  • CONVERT DATA INTO PICTURES AND GRAPHICS

  • COLOR HELPS TO HIGHLIGHT YOUR POINTS

  • K.I.S.S. YOUR DISPLAY

  • PUBLISH REGULARLY

  • DON’T OVERWHELM WITH DATA


Graphic display of data disposition matching in colorado

GRAPHIC DISPLAY OF DATA:DISPOSITION MATCHING IN COLORADO


Graphic display of data warrant transfer in colorado a picture is worth a thousand words

GRAPHIC DISPLAY OF DATA:WARRANT TRANSFER IN COLORADO—A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS


Graphic display of data ranking leads to improvement

GRAPHIC DISPLAY OF DATA:RANKING LEADS TO IMPROVEMENT


Graphic display of data benchmarking age of criminal cases

GRAPHIC DISPLAY OF DATA:BENCHMARKING AGE OF CRIMINAL CASES


Cautions in measuring cjis objectives

CAUTIONS IN MEASURING CJIS OBJECTIVES


Things to avoid

THINGS TO AVOID

  • TOO COMPLEX

  • GENERALIZING FROM LIMITED DATA

  • CANNOT COLLECT ACCURATE OR COMPLETE DATA

  • TOO MANY MEASURES

  • SPURIOUS RELATIONSHIPS

  • ASSUMPTIONS

  • BE CAREFUL: THE STATS YOU PUBLISH WILL BE PUBLIC


Things to do

THINGS TO DO

  • BE SURE TO ID THINGS/CONCEPTS THAT ARE IMPORTANT AND CAN BE MEASURED

  • PILOT THE MEASURES

  • RECEIVE FEEDBACK

  • MODIFY MEASURES

  • REASSESS SUCCESS

  • BROADCAST SUCCESS: GET AN AGENT

  • DON’T FORGET TO TALK ABOUT SOME THINGS THAT CAN’T BE MEASURED

  • MEASURE THE INTEGRITY/QUALITY OF DATA


Coping with data quality

COPING WITH DATA QUALITY

  • DATA RELIABILITY

    • COMPLETE

    • ACCURATE

    • TIMELY

  • DATA VALIDITY: Are we measuring what we intend to measure?

  • DECIDE ON DAY FORWARD OR CONVERSIONS—THEN ANNOUNCE

  • INSERT DATA EDITS

  • PUBLISH THE RESULTS

  • GET UPPER LEVEL MANAGEMENT SUPPORT

  • PROVIDE MECHANISMS FOR CORRECTING DATA


Measures should be

MEASURES SHOULD BE…

  • SPECIFIC

  • MEASURABLE

  • ACTIONABLE

  • RELEVANT

  • TIMELY


Resources

RESOURCES

  • Executive Guide – Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments – GAO/AIMD-98-89

  • Performance Measurement for Government, “Introduction to Performance Measurement”, http://accounting.rutgers.edu/raw/seagov/pmg/perfmeasures

  • Manny DeVera, “Putting Performance Measures and Capital Planning Into Practice”, pg. 1 – 25, March 2001 http://wwwoirm.nih.gov/itmra/perform.html

  • Robert S. Kalpan and David P. Norton, “The Balanced Scorecard – Measures that Drive Performance”, Harvard Business Review, Jan-Feb 1993

  • Dave Trimble, “How to Measure Success: Uncovering the Secrets of Effective Metrics”, pg. 1- 7, http://www.prosci.com/metrics.htm

  • Dave Trimble, “Benchmarking – Uncovering Best Practices and Learning from Others”, pg. 1 – 8, http://www.prosci.com/benchmarking.htm

  • Mark Glover, “A Practical Guide for Measuring Program Efficiency and Effectiveness in Local Government”, Tampa, FL: The Innovation Groups, 1994

  • Office of Management and Budget, “OMB Circular No. A-11 (2000)

  • “Performance Measures for the Criminal Justice System”, Discussion Papers from the BJS-Princeton Project, October 1993, NCJ-143505


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