4th GradePicasso Portraitasymmetry & cubismConcept:To create an abstract portrait in black line on newspaper, then use oil pastels to fill in Cubist shapes in and around the portrait. Objective: Learn about the artist Pablo Picasso - his style of abstracting a face through asymmetry and Cubism.
symmetry - in drawing, is a balanced arrangement of lines and shapes, on opposite sides of an often-imaginary centerline (the line of symmetry)
cubism - art made up of cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones, and other geometric shapes.
The paintings looked like someone had cut them up and glued them back together.
Carafe, Jug, and Fruit Bowl, Pablo PicassoViolin and Palette, Georges Braque
Do you see lines that go in different directions?
(hair, nose, chin, sleeves)
Discuss symmetry/asymmetryShow slides of Picasso’s work.Talk about his portraits of people and how abstract (weird, twisted, crazy), asymmetrical (one eye high, one eye low, etc), and cubist (show the picture of the Three Musicians) they are. cubism - art made up of cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones, and other geometric shapes. The paintings looked like someone had cut them up and glued them back together.Three Musicians - can you see the instruments? Have the kids point them out as well as other parts.Cubists wanted to show the most important parts of the things they painted. Look at this face - It shows you every detail of the face even though you would never be able to see all sides of his face at the same time. Cubists wanted to show all the sides of an object in the same picture.portraits of women - in these portraits, you can see both the profile and the straight on view at the same time.
About PicassoPicasso lived in Spain, he spoke Spanish and his first words were “piz, piz” – a shortening of the Spanish word for pencil. Picasso’s father was also an artist. When Picasso was 13, his father found him painting over one of his sketches and realized the young Picasso would be a better painter than himself.He co-founded Cubism and produced a monumental 20,000 artworks during his 70-year career.
1. Show students more of Picasso’s work (slide 11) and talk about colors he used and the boldness of his colors. Later in his life circus people, acrobats and comedic characters influenced the colors and mood of his paintings (oranges, pinks, yellows and other cheery colors). Talk about how color can create a mood. Ask what mood they get from these works.
2.Tell students they can pick three colors of pastels to use. Suggest at least one bright color if they chose neutrals. Show them how you use pastels on their sides and rub, sometimes using your finger to smear colors. If they want to use more than three colors, have them share with their neighbor. Using different colors, have students fill in large areas (or shapes of color) throughout. It is okay to let the newsprint show through or even be pure newsprint in some areas, let them decide. There is no right or wrong way to do this…Have fun!
If students finish early they can draw more Picasso like faces.