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IPPC Directive state of play and future developements Alexandre Paquot European Commission Environment Directorate-General (Internet: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/index.htm ). Future milestones. Adoption of IPPC Communica- tion. MS implemen- tation reports to be submitted.

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IPPC Directive state of play and future developements Alexandre Paquot European Commission

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IPPC Directivestate of play and future developements

Alexandre Paquot

European Commission

Environment Directorate-General

(Internet: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/index.htm)

Future milestones

Adoption of

IPPC Communica-tion

MS implemen-tation reportsto be submitted

Commission reports

on implementation of


Jan 2003

June 2003

Sep 2003

June 2004

Sep 2006

June 2007

May 2004

Jan 2005

June 2005

Dec 2005

Oct 2007


Amendmentallowing green-house gasemission tradingcomes in effect


strengtheningpublic partici-pation comesin effect

Firstedition of all BREFsshould beready

Latest com-pliance datefor existinginstallations

The first national reports (1)

  • Some preliminary conclusions:

  • Directive has been adequately transposed in most Member States

  • Implementation has been slow in some of them, particularly in those without prior experience in integrated environmental permitting

The first national reports (2)

  • Problems common to several Member States:

  • Legal requirements on reconsideration and updating of permits

  • Disproportionate number of applications may have to be be filed immediately prior to the October 2007 deadline

  • No transboundary cooperation in permit procedures

The first national reports (3)

  • Views on IPPC:

  • Effective tool in combating pollution by industrial installations

  • Administrative simplification

  • Fosters dialogue between the authorities and industry

  • Flexibility allowed in the actual implementation

  • Wish for greater uniformity and technical coherence with other EU legislation

COM(2003) 354: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ippc/index.htm

Why a Communication?

June ’03 Communication on IPPC

  • stress the importance of IPPC

  • insufficient progress

  • key interpretation issues

  • launch consultation

Keys conclusions of consultation on the Communication

  • Concern about the October 2007 deadline

  • General support of the IPPC Directive – no call for radical changes

  • Unanimous call for guidance documents

  • Call for technical review for clarification of certain provision (in particular the scope)

  • Possibility to use emissions trading instruments (NL, UK, certain industries) / creating more incentives

  • Assess the coherence with other legislations

  • More “user-friendly” BREFs

  • Local considerations according to Article 9(4)

  • BAT (in BREFs)

  • BAT-based permit or General Binding Rules

From BREF to Permit condition



MS right to choose how

Legally binding

BAT Information Exchange

  • required by Directive (Art 16 paragraph 2)

  • purpose to support licensing authorities

  • published BAT Reference Documents (BREFs) for each sector

  • BREFs should be taken into account by the licensing authorities

Iron and steel production

Cement and lime production

Non ferrous metals processing

Pulp and paper production

Glass production

Ferrous metal processing

Cooling systems

Chlor-Alkali production

Tanning of hides and skins

Large-Volume Organic Chemicals production

Waste water and waste gas treatment in the chemical industry

Refining of mineral oil

Textile industry

Pig and poultry farming

Principles of monitoring

Slaughterhouses and animal by-products(*)

Smitheries and foundries(*)

(Management of mining waste)(*)

Finalised BREFs

Economic and cross-media issues

Food, drink and milk processes

Large combustion plant

Emissions from storage

Waste treatments

Waste incineration

Ammonia, acids and fertilizers

Surface treatment of metals

Surface treatment using solvents

Organic fine chemicals

Other large-volume inorganic chemicals

Speciality inorganic chemicals



Ongoing BREFs


Energy efficiency

Cement and lime production

Iron and steel production


Pulp and paper production

Ferrous metal processing

Glass production

Tanning of hides and skins

Non ferrous metals processing

Next BREF phase


  • More revisions

  • New sectors?

Concluding remarks (1)

  • Flexible, goal-setting legislation = opportunity for environment + industry

  • Heavily dependent on “good faith” (on behalf of industry operators and authorities)

  • Complements other instruments (EQS-based, voluntary / market-based, economic instruments)

  • High level of protection of the environment

Concluding remarks (2)

  • Integrated approach by industry operators and authorities

  • Application of Best Available Techniques

  • Provides framework for further and “better” regulation where necessary

  • No short term review (2005) of the Directive

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