First Nation Governance. Created and Presented by Sharon Meyer April 2014. Traditional Structures: Elders Councils Clan Mothers/ Grandmothers Longhouse Bundle Societies Hereditary Leaders Warrior Leaders . https ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlA0NNCSKmc
Created and Presented by
Sharon Meyer April 2014
Clan Mothers/ Grandmothers
The speaker introduces the role of a hereditary Chief
The speaker introduces the clan system of governance
Our Indigenous Knowledge is based on our spiritual connection to Creator, the relationship to the land we inherit and how we survive within our ecosystems: medicines, plants, animals, land, sky, water, and all of Creation. - See more at: http://www.onionlake.ca/treaty-government/turtle-lodge-our-way-life#sthash.9rR4Z4ox.dpuf
The Indian Act of 1876 was a consolidation of regulations that impacted First Nations people living throughout the country. It gave greater authority to the Department of Indian Affairs by permitting it to intervene in a wide variety issues and to make sweeping policy decisions across the board such as determining who was an Indian, managing Indian lands, resources and moneys, controlling the access to intoxicants and promoting "civilisation". The principle behind the Act was that it was the Crown\'s responsibility to care for and protect interests of First Nations people by acting as their "guardians" until such time as they could reach a level of sophistication that allowed them to fully integrate into Canadian society. The Indian Act was frequently amended in the 70 years after it was passed into law in 1876. The amendments were largely concerned with assimilation and civilisation of First Nations people. Amendments to the Indian Act became increasingly restrictive and imposed ever greater controls upon the lives of First Nations peoples.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) defines "governance" as "how a community is run and the rules that apply in its day to day operation." INAC says the legislation will be based on the idea of "tools for effective governance" and will look specifically at the financial accountability of First Nations; the operational accountability of chiefs and councils to community members; elections (leadership selection and voting rights); and the legal status and capacity of Indian Bands.Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS
1969 White Paper proposed getting rid of the Indian Act, extinguishing Aboriginal title and rights, and terminating the historical nation-to-nation treaty relationship-was seen by Aboriginal peoples as just another attempt by the federal government to assimilate them. According to the Royal Commission
We do not want the Indian Act retained because it is a good piece of legislation. It isn\'t. It is discriminatory from start to finish.…but we would rather continue to live in bondage under the unequitable Indian Act than surrender our sacred rights. Any time government wants to honour its obligations to us we are more than ready to help devise new Indian legislation."Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS
Under the act, a status Indian has rights to health, education, and tax exemptions for which other Canadians don\'t qualify.
The elders of Muskeg Lake play several important roles within our community:
•Consulting – With the wisdom and experience they have gained in the course of a lifetime, our elders have much to offer in a consulting role, both with the Chief and Council, and with individuals and committees within the community.
•Being a spiritual presence at meetings – An elder attends each Chief and Council meeting to provide wisdom, insight and spiritual support.
•Sharing insight – Elders meet monthly to interact with one another, share their wisdom, and consult about all aspects of community.
•Teaching our grandchildren – Elders play an important role in passing on culture and knowledge to the community’s grandchildren, teaching Cree, talking about family trees, and providing positive cultural role models.
Minister Nault\'s First Nations Governance initiative does not respect this. His Indian Act legislation is based on a colonial mentality and will further diminish our rights, where First Nations are treated as \'wards of the state\' rather than as sovereign participants in this land. We now have to work on a real political relationship between First Nations and Canada. A Nation-to-Nation relationship that will bring about fundamental changes for First Nations in the same way the Charter of Rights has done for non-aboriginal Canadians."Ed Bianchi is the Aboriginal Rights Program Coordinator for KAIROS
Knowledge transmission is guided by our way of life through, ceremonies, songs, observations, traditional teachings, and languages. Language is connected to the plants, animals, and the spiritual relations that help sustain our environments. We have an inherent right to our Original instructions and to live upon our lands under Natural Law. The law of wāhkōhtowin directs and guides the transmission of knowledge. The integral source of our traditional knowledge is our wāhkōhtowin relationship to the ecosystems and those with whom we share the lands. In this manner, Indigenous Peoples carry the memory of our history and connection to Creation. - See more at: http://www.onionlake.ca/treaty-government/turtle-lodge-our-way-life#sthash.9rR4Z4ox.dpuf
Harper Launches Major First Nations Termination Plan: As Negotiating Tables Legitimize Canada’s Colonialism
by Russell Diabo on November 9, 2012
Your community to a First Nation community
North East School Division
First Nation and Metis Instruction Consultant