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How to Boost Your Writing Ability. 新竹女中 應惠蕙. Ask yourself…. 我有能力寫出正確的英文句子嗎? 我的句子結構清楚嗎? 我的時態觀念清楚嗎? 我的名詞記得加冠詞或複數嗎? 總之,我寫英文作文的基礎能力足夠嗎?. 好的文章必須:. 內容切題 按題目要求均衡發展 組織結構完整 introduction, body, conclusion topic sentence, supporting sentences, concluding sentences 重點特色吸引人 文法、句構正確度高 用字適宜

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How to Boost Your Writing Ability

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How to Boost Your Writing Ability

新竹女中應惠蕙


Ask yourself…

  • 我有能力寫出正確的英文句子嗎?

  • 我的句子結構清楚嗎?

  • 我的時態觀念清楚嗎?

  • 我的名詞記得加冠詞或複數嗎?

  • 總之,我寫英文作文的基礎能力足夠嗎?


好的文章必須:

  • 內容切題

  • 按題目要求均衡發展

  • 組織結構完整

    introduction, body, conclusion

    topic sentence, supporting sentences, concluding sentences

  • 重點特色吸引人

  • 文法、句構正確度高

  • 用字適宜

  • 善用轉折詞

    besides, however, therefore…


得高分的祕訣

  • Grammar無誤

  • Content新鮮

  • Structure正確

  • Diction難度提升

  • Pattern多變化


作文因應對策

  • 符合主題

  • 文法正確

  • 程度好的同學最好寫200字

  • 程度稍弱的同學寫一篇國中程度沒錯的120字文章即可

  • 留40至45分鐘寫翻譯和作文


建立基礎寫作能力

  • 寫出簡單正確的英文句子。

  • 練習加長句子。

  • 背課本的佳句及片語,如:

    a comfortable, prosperous job

    a matching rival

  • 確實學會並使用句型,如:1, 2, 3, 4

  • 練習翻譯。

  • 多閱讀時事新聞*


Breaking News English*


翻譯要注意:

  • 找到句子的主詞動詞

  • 時態

  • 拼字


翻譯練習

  • 許多人不知如何增強寫作能力。

    Many people do not know how to improve their English writing.

  • 其實多閱讀好文章對增強你的英文寫作能力非常有幫助。

    In fact, reading good articles is very helpful.


翻譯練習

  • 此外,你可以嘗試用英文寫日記.甚至結交外國筆友。

    Also, you can keep a diary in English or make foreign pen pals.

  • 總之,只有靠不斷地練習,你的寫作能力才會進步。

    To sum up, constant practice is the only way to make progress.


加長句子(一)

WHO:The alligator eats.

WHAT: The green alligator eats a turtle.

HOW: The green alligator eats a turtle quickly.

WHERE: The green alligator eats a turtle quickly in the pool.

WHEN: The green alligator eats quickly a turtle in the pool at 9:00 A.M.

WHY: The green alligator eats a turtle quickly in the pool at 9:00 A.M. because he is hungry.


加長句子(二)

  • + 對等連接詞 Mark was excited but nervous.

  • + 關係子句 Mark was invited by Tracy to sit at her table, where they shared apot of coffee.

  • + 同位語 Mark, an extremely shy person around girls, was invited by Tracy to sit at her table, where they shared a pot of coffee.


加長句子(三)

  • + 副詞子句 After Mark had coffee with Tracy, he decided to ask her out for a date.

  • + 分詞片語 Mark, having butterflies in his stomach, did not know what to say.

  • + 獨立分詞片語 His eyes closed, Mark was thinking about Tracy.

  • Try this!

  • Telescopic


Telescopic Text


http://www.telescopictext.com


Telescopic Text


外語群英語類專業科目非選擇題

  • 翻譯:英翻中、中翻英

  • 作文:簡函寫作、看圖寫作、主題式寫作

  • 試題範例


信件

  • Format

    (12/17/2012)

    Dear John,

    ---------------------------------------------------------------

    ------------------------------------------------------------------

    ------------------------------------------------------------------

    ---------------------------------------------------------------

    ------------------------------------------------------------------

    Yours Sincerely,

    Susan


信件種類

  • Thank-you (gratitude/appreciation) letter

  • Apology letter

  • Advice letter

  • Complaint letter

  • Consolation letter


表達感謝及道歉的用語

  • I would like to express my sincere gratitude to sb. for sth.

  • I am very thankful/grateful to sb. for sth.

  • I am sorry for sth.

  • I want to apologize to sb. for sth.

  • I owe you an apology for sth.

  • A Letter to the Teacher*


單張圖

  • 想像有三張圖

  • 不要只描述圖

  • 內容不要與圖距離太遠

  • 注意時態


連環圖

  • 記敘文或描寫文

  • 三格漫畫提供學生故事的發展順序,第四格留問號給學生發揮創意。

  • 看圖說故事必須掌握的原則是:人、事、時、地、物,一一說明清楚。

  • 可用第一或第三人稱

  • 動詞時態應用過去式為宜

  • 必用轉折語氣詞


看圖寫作的步驟

  • narration & description

  • Who? What? Why? When? Where? How?

  • 5 senses

  • emotions

  • patterns: with + O + OC, 分詞構句: Adj, S + V

    倒裝句: only when, not until, Little did I know that…

  • imagery (like, as...as)

  • quotation marks

  • flashback*

  • message


學生作品


文章的種類

  • 記敘文 (narration)

  • 描寫文 (description)

  • 說明文 (expository)


記敘文 (narration)

  • 說故事

  • beginning, middle, end

  • 5W1H

  • setting, characters, sequence, exposition, conflict, climax, resolution

  • Elements of a Story


描寫文 (description)

  • an experience

  • a person: appearance, personality, action*

  • a place: clockwise, counterclockwise

  • a memory

  • an object


Example

  • I grew tired after dinner.

  • As I leaned back and rested my head against the top of the chair, my eyelids began to feel heavy, and the edges of the empty plate in front of me blurred with the white tablecloth.


Describing a Person

  • general appearance

  • top to down

  • clothing

  • a general statement


Describing a Person

  • This looks like a small, elderly, Asian man. He looks as if he may be rather poor.

  • He is wearing a battered hat, and his eyes look cheerful. He has a grin.


Describing a Person

  • He is wearing an old-looking, dark jacket.

  • He looks like a happy, kind-hearted sort of man.


Example of Describing a Person

He has a potbelly and a squeaky voice. His arms and legs are as thin as sticks. He wears funny-looking red shorts with big white buttons, and he has big round black ears and a pointed nose.


Describing a Place: Gathering Details

  • Sensory details

    my team running onto the field (sight)the crack of the bat (hearing)smooth wooden seats (touch)hot dogs cooking (smell)warm, buttery popcorn (taste)

  • Factual details

  • Figurative details

  • Thoughts and feelings


Describing a Place: Organizing Details

  • Spatial Order

    from top to down

    from left to right

    clockwise/counterclockwise

  • Order of Importance

    from least important to most important

    from most important to least important


Example of Describing a Place

Located about fifty kilometers off the coast of Taitung County, Orchid Island is a magical spot set in the deep blue Pacific Ocean. From the air, the mountains peak out from the clouds as you approach the island. As your airplane lands, you can see the green fields and woods along with the blue water. On arriving, you can catch sight of fishing and farming villages. From the mountaintops to the crashing waves on the rocky beaches, Orchid Island, a paradise waiting to be discovered, seems frozen in time.

  • 學生作品


提升字彙

  • 多用課本中的字彙(情緒、戰爭、故事等)

  • 盡量不要重複

  • use  make use of  take advantage of  utilize  employ

  • buy  purchase try  attempt

  • work hard  make efforts  put effort into  endeavor

  • I am sad.  My heart sank.

  • He was happy.  His face brightened up.


Weather

  • one day

  • one burning hot day

  • one scorching day

  • on a freezing cold day

  • one foggy winter day

  • one gloomy/dark/cold rainy day

  • one beautiful sunny day


Color

  • + light/dark

  • ruby red, bloody red

  • emerald green, jade green

  • sapphire blue, ocean blue, midnight blue

  • rosy pink

  • pitch dark

  • -colored

  • as red as blood, as white as snow


Emotions

  • I was happy...

    --> I was delighted with/by/at...

    --> I was overjoyed to...

    --> I was ecstatic about...

    --> I beamed with joy...

    --> I was thrilled at...

    --> I was on top of the world when...

    --> My heart leaped when...

  • (Much) To one’s surprise/disappointment/regret...


Emotions

  • He was angry...

    --> He was furious at/about...

    --> He was outraged by...

    --> He lost his temper...

    --> He was red/hot with rage...

    --> He flew into a rage...

    --> He saw red...


Emotions

  • He burst out crying/laughing.

  • He burst into tears/laughter.

  • He was green with envy.

  • He was overwhelmed by grief.

  • He trembled with fear/rage.

  • He had butterflies in his stomach.

  • He was struck dumb with fear.

  • He was stunned with grief and anger.

  • He was tongue-tied.

  • He was like a cat on hot bricks.


用字明確

  • I enjoyed coffee in the afternoon.

     I relished a hot cup of latte on a cool autumn afternoon.

  • She rode a scooter in the city.

     She rode an old scooter snaking through the lanes and alleys in such a big city.


說明文 (expository)

  • paragraph punch

  • 學生作品

  • 種類: giving examples/reasons, sequence, comparison, cause and effect, problem and solution, definition等

  • 佳作


Paragraphpunch


http://www.paragraphpunch.com


說明文注意事項(一)

  • 注意結構: 主題句、支持句、結論句

  • 主題句:

    (1)表達重要性:There is no doubt that… 無疑地

    No _______ is better than _______.

    沒有…比…更好

    (2)表達做法: The best way to V is to V

    (3)表達意見: As far as ________ be concerned,…

    就…而言

    In one’s opinion,… 依…的意見

    (4)開始主題: When it comes to N, … 當提到…


說明文注意事項(二)

  • 支持句:to begin with 首先,

    besides 除…之外還有,finally 最後

    in other words 換句話說,

    above all 最重要的是

    on one hand 一方面,

    on the other hand 另一方面

    as a result/therefore 因此,

    however 然而

  • 結論句: to sum up 總之,in brief 簡言之,

    in conclusion 總之, It dawns on me that…

    我領悟到


絕對要避免的錯誤

  • 時態

  • Every persons was early.

  • Apple is good for health.

  • She had his book in his hand.

  • You eats lunch.

  • 人稱換來換去

  • Checklist


主題式寫作

  • Brainstorm

  • 主題句

  • 支持句

  • 結論句

  • 轉折詞

  • 範文


Q&A


  • Login