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Collaborations in Digitization: Digitizing UMBC Historic Photographs MLA Presentation 7 June 2011 Vicki Sipe UMBC. Digitization is not the end of the road. Digitization is the beginning of a process leading to access. Descriptive Metadata. Learning objectives:

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Collaborations in Digitization: Digitizing UMBC Historic Photographs

MLA Presentation

7 June 2011

Vicki Sipe

UMBC

slide2

Digitization is not the end of the road

Digitization is the beginning of a process leading to access

slide3

Descriptive Metadata

Learning objectives:

Understand two primary reasons for descriptive metadata.

Learn two applications of a data dictionary.

Understand use of three controlled vocabularies commonly utilized in creating descriptive metadata for digital collections.

slide4

What is descriptive metadata?

descriptive metadata – metadata that describes a work for purposes of discovery and identification, such as creator, title, and subject.

http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

slide8

Digitization of books is a game changer for discovery

With full text keyword searching…

…the book speaks for itself

slide9

Digitization of books is a game changer for discovery

Fulltext keyword searching cannot discover this book based on what it is about

slide11

…don’t describe themselves

Descriptive metadata especially important for images

slide13

Hughes collection—what to describe?

People, places and things

Metal melting furnace

Broadway Recreation Pier

Personal names

Geographic names

Types of things

Bridal portrait of Mrs. Mary Johnston and her flower girl

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Hughes collection—how to describe?

Subject analysis of non-book materials

Aboutness—

What is the image about?

Does the image illustrate a concept?

Of-ness—

What is the image of?

What is depicted in the image?

Thingness—

What is the image?

Not all images will include all three

Bridal portrait of Mrs. Mary Johnston and her flower girl

Apologies to Heidi Lee Hoerman, 1998 OLAC

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Subject analysis

Aboutness—

What is the image about?

Does the image illustrate a concept?

Of-ness—

What is the image of?

What is depicted in the image?

Thingness—

What is the image?

Not all images will include all three

Lewis Hine’s portrait of Harley Bruce

slide16

Hughes collection—subjects of a picture

Thingness—what is the image?

black and white photograph

from a gelatin dry plate negative

Of-ness—what is depicted?

Monument

Cityscape

Aboutness—what is the image about?

Soldiers Wells and McComas

Battle of North Point

Baltimore

Wells and McComas Monument

Baltimore

slide17

Tools to provide descriptive metadata—controlled vocabulary

Local Names

Local Genre

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Controlled vocabularies—Thesaurus for Graphic Materials

TGM http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/

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Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

Female workers filling and packing bottles National Ink Co., Baltimore

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Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First

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Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/webvoy.htm

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Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First

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Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus

AAT Art & Architecture Thesaurus

http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat/about.html

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Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus

Organized hierarchically in 7 facets from abstract to concrete

Associated Concepts

Physical Attributes

Styles and Periods

Agents

Activities

Materials

Objects

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Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus

industrial photography in the hierarchy

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Controlled vocabularies—Local Names list

Names appearing in images, in caption information

LCNAF headings when available

Local names created as needed, form based on NACO practice

Personal names

Corporate names

Portion of list as it appears in CONTENTdm Client

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Controlled vocabularies—Location list

Locations appearing in images, captions

Based on geographic names in LCNAF

Local names created as needed

Indirect entry form of name

Portion of list as it appears in CONTENTdm Client

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How to structure our metadata

Comes loaded with:

Simple Dublin Core

Qualified Dublin Core

VRA 3.0

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Dublin Core metadata scheme

http://dublincore.org/

slide43

Simple Dublin Core

Contributors Format Rights

Coverage Identifier Source

Creator Language Subject

Date Publisher Title

Description Relation Type

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml

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Qualified Dublin Core

http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/qualifiers.shtml

slide46
Many forms

Data dictionary

Same purpose

Provide information about data

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Hughes collection

Postcard, Magazine Service, Inc. 1920s

Loch Raven Dam and reservoir

slide55

Hughes collection—what we have

From Sleeve: Balto. Monuments – Series of 10. Key Monument – Hyatt Mfg. Co. In honor of Francis Scott Key. N214

Original caption identified as Key Monument, no location given.

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Hughes collection—what we found

Orpheus with the Awkward Foot. Monument to Francis Scott Key and Soldiers and Sailors who took part in the Battle of North Point and defense of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812. Located at Fort McHenry.

According to the National Park Service, this is a named statue, dedicated to more than Francis Scott Key and located at Fort McHenry.

slide57

Hughes collection—what we found

From Sleeve: Balto. Monuments – Series of 10. Post Office & Battle Monument. #13717. (Plus Drawing on Onion Paper). N209.

Post Office built 1890. Replaced 1932 at same site with current post office and courthouse, Calvert Street between Fayette and Lexington Streets. Battle monument designed by Maximilian Godefroy.

Information on building allows photo to be dated with slightly more precision. Also access points

slide58

Uses of images—Hughes collection

Caption

From Sleeve: Street car Towson #8 on York Road at Regester Avenue. Envelope marked Chas. H. Steffey, Development at Anneslie. 1922-07-11

Location

United States – Maryland -- Anneslie

Subject Names

Steffey, Charles H.;

Subject (TGM)

Street car on York Road

Street railroad stations; Street railroads; Automobiles;

slide59

Uses of images—Hughes collection

Patron illustrates decline in streetcar ridership at time of suburban expansion

Public History class project

http://hughesco.blogspot.com

slide60
Art & Architecture Thesaurus

http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat/

Thesaurus for Graphic Materials

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/

Library of Congress Subject Headings

http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First

Introduction to Controlled Vocabularies: Terminology for Art, Architecture, and other Cultural Works by Patricia Harpring (Getty, 2010)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_controlled_vocab/index.html

Resources—Controlled Vocabularies

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Understanding Metadata (NISO Press, 2004)

http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

Introduction to Metadata edited by Murtha Baca (Getty, 2008)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Metadata for Digital Collections by Steven J. Miller. Seven-week online course.

https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/mll/www/

Metadata for Digital Collections by Steven J. Miller (Neal-Schuman, 2011)

Resources—Metadata

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Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1 (DCMI, 2010)

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml

Dublin Core Qualifiers (DCMI, 2005)

http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/qualifiers.shtml

Metadata by Marcia Lei Zeng and Jian Qin (Neal-Schuman, 2008)

Resources—Metadata

slide63
None Listed

Resources—Subject Analysis

slide64
Boydston, Jeanne M. K. “Observations on the Catalogers’ Role in Descriptive Metadata Creation in Academic Libraries.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 43 (2) 2006: 3-17.

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml

Resources—Descriptive Metadata

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Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, tools, standards, strategies edited by Murtha Baca (Getty, 2002)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_aia/index.html

Introduction to Imaging by Howard Besser (Getty, 2003)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/introimages/index.html

Photographs: Archival Care and Management by Mary Lynn Ritzenthaler and Diane Vogt-O’Connor with Helena Zinkham, Brett Carnell, and Kit Peterson (Society of American Archivists, 2006)

Resources—Images

slide66
Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, tools, standards, strategies edited by Murtha Baca (Getty Publications, 2002)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_aia/index.html

Shatford, Sara. “Analyzing the Subject of a Picture: a Theoretical Approach.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 6 (Spring 1986): 39-62.

Resources—Images

slide67
Data Dictionary: Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images

http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards/kfile_download?id%3Austring%3Aiso-8859-1=Z39-87-2006.pdf&pt=RkGKiXzW643YeUaYUqZ1BFwDhIG4-24RJbcZBWg8uE4vWdpZsJDs4RjLz0t90_d5_ymGsj_IKVaGZww13HuDlSn6cvwjex0ejiIKSaTYlErPbfamndQa6zkS6rLL3oIr

Resources—Data Dictionary

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