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Collaborations in Digitization: Digitizing UMBC Historic Photographs MLA Presentation 7 June 2011 Vicki Sipe UMBC. Digitization is not the end of the road. Digitization is the beginning of a process leading to access. Descriptive Metadata. Learning objectives:

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Collaborations in Digitization: Digitizing UMBC Historic Photographs

MLA Presentation

7 June 2011

Vicki Sipe

UMBC


Digitization is not the end of the road Photographs

Digitization is the beginning of a process leading to access


Descriptive Metadata Photographs

Learning objectives:

Understand two primary reasons for descriptive metadata.

Learn two applications of a data dictionary.

Understand use of three controlled vocabularies commonly utilized in creating descriptive metadata for digital collections.


What is descriptive metadata? Photographs

descriptive metadata – metadata that describes a work for purposes of discovery and identification, such as creator, title, and subject.

http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf




Digitization of books is a game changer for discovery Photographs

With full text keyword searching…

…the book speaks for itself


Digitization of books is a game changer for discovery Photographs

Fulltext keyword searching cannot discover this book based on what it is about


Images… Photographs


…don’t describe themselves Photographs

Descriptive metadata especially important for images


What to describe? Photographs


Hughes collection—what to describe? Photographs

People, places and things

Metal melting furnace

Broadway Recreation Pier

Personal names

Geographic names

Types of things

Bridal portrait of Mrs. Mary Johnston and her flower girl


Hughes collection—how to describe? Photographs

Subject analysis of non-book materials

Aboutness—

What is the image about?

Does the image illustrate a concept?

Of-ness—

What is the image of?

What is depicted in the image?

Thingness—

What is the image?

Not all images will include all three

Bridal portrait of Mrs. Mary Johnston and her flower girl

Apologies to Heidi Lee Hoerman, 1998 OLAC


Subject analysis Photographs

Aboutness—

What is the image about?

Does the image illustrate a concept?

Of-ness—

What is the image of?

What is depicted in the image?

Thingness—

What is the image?

Not all images will include all three

Lewis Hine’s portrait of Harley Bruce


Hughes collection—subjects of a picture Photographs

Thingness—what is the image?

black and white photograph

from a gelatin dry plate negative

Of-ness—what is depicted?

Monument

Cityscape

Aboutness—what is the image about?

Soldiers Wells and McComas

Battle of North Point

Baltimore

Wells and McComas Monument

Baltimore


Tools to provide descriptive metadata—controlled vocabulary

Local Names

Local Genre


Controlled vocabularies—Thesaurus for Graphic Materials vocabulary

TGM http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/






Controlled vocabularies—Thesaurus for Graphic Materials vocabulary

Käthe Kollwitz, “Die Mutter”


Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

Female workers filling and packing bottles National Ink Co., Baltimore


Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First


Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/webvoy.htm


Controlled vocabularies—Library of Congress Subject Headings

LC Authorities http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First







Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus Headings

AAT Art & Architecture Thesaurus

http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat/about.html


Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus Headings

Organized hierarchically in 7 facets from abstract to concrete

Associated Concepts

Physical Attributes

Styles and Periods

Agents

Activities

Materials

Objects




Controlled vocabularies---Art & Architecture Thesaurus Headings

industrial photography in the hierarchy



Controlled vocabularies—Local Names list Headings

Names appearing in images, in caption information

LCNAF headings when available

Local names created as needed, form based on NACO practice

Personal names

Corporate names

Portion of list as it appears in CONTENTdm Client


Controlled vocabularies—Location list Headings

Locations appearing in images, captions

Based on geographic names in LCNAF

Local names created as needed

Indirect entry form of name

Portion of list as it appears in CONTENTdm Client


How to structure our metadata Headings

Comes loaded with:

Simple Dublin Core

Qualified Dublin Core

VRA 3.0


Dublin Core metadata scheme Headings

http://dublincore.org/


Simple Dublin Core Headings

Contributors Format Rights

Coverage Identifier Source

Creator Language Subject

Date Publisher Title

Description Relation Type

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml


Qualified Dublin Core Headings

http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/qualifiers.shtml



Many forms Headings

Data dictionary

Same purpose

Provide information about data









Hughes collection Headings

Postcard, Magazine Service, Inc. 1920s

Loch Raven Dam and reservoir


Hughes collection—what we have Headings

From Sleeve: Balto. Monuments – Series of 10. Key Monument – Hyatt Mfg. Co. In honor of Francis Scott Key. N214

Original caption identified as Key Monument, no location given.


Hughes collection—what we found Headings

Orpheus with the Awkward Foot. Monument to Francis Scott Key and Soldiers and Sailors who took part in the Battle of North Point and defense of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812. Located at Fort McHenry.

According to the National Park Service, this is a named statue, dedicated to more than Francis Scott Key and located at Fort McHenry.


Hughes collection—what we found Headings

From Sleeve: Balto. Monuments – Series of 10. Post Office & Battle Monument. #13717. (Plus Drawing on Onion Paper). N209.

Post Office built 1890. Replaced 1932 at same site with current post office and courthouse, Calvert Street between Fayette and Lexington Streets. Battle monument designed by Maximilian Godefroy.

Information on building allows photo to be dated with slightly more precision. Also access points


Uses of images—Hughes collection Headings

Caption

From Sleeve: Street car Towson #8 on York Road at Regester Avenue. Envelope marked Chas. H. Steffey, Development at Anneslie. 1922-07-11

Location

United States – Maryland -- Anneslie

Subject Names

Steffey, Charles H.;

Subject (TGM)

Street car on York Road

Street railroad stations; Street railroads; Automobiles;


Uses of images—Hughes collection Headings

Patron illustrates decline in streetcar ridership at time of suburban expansion

Public History class project

http://hughesco.blogspot.com


Art & Architecture Thesaurus Headings

http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat/

Thesaurus for Graphic Materials

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/

Library of Congress Subject Headings

http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First

Introduction to Controlled Vocabularies: Terminology for Art, Architecture, and other Cultural Works by Patricia Harpring (Getty, 2010)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_controlled_vocab/index.html

Resources—Controlled Vocabularies


Understanding Metadata (NISO Press, 2004) Headings

http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

Introduction to Metadata edited by Murtha Baca (Getty, 2008)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html

Metadata for Digital Collections by Steven J. Miller. Seven-week online course.

https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/mll/www/

Metadata for Digital Collections by Steven J. Miller (Neal-Schuman, 2011)

Resources—Metadata


Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1 (DCMI, 2010) Headings

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml

Dublin Core Qualifiers (DCMI, 2005)

http://dublincore.org/documents/usageguide/qualifiers.shtml

Metadata by Marcia Lei Zeng and Jian Qin (Neal-Schuman, 2008)

Resources—Metadata


None Listed Headings

Resources—Subject Analysis


Boydston Headings, Jeanne M. K. “Observations on the Catalogers’ Role in Descriptive Metadata Creation in Academic Libraries.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 43 (2) 2006: 3-17.

http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/index.shtml

Resources—Descriptive Metadata


Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, tools, standards, strategies edited by Murtha Baca (Getty, 2002)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_aia/index.html

Introduction to Imaging by Howard Besser (Getty, 2003)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/introimages/index.html

Photographs: Archival Care and Management by Mary Lynn Ritzenthaler and Diane Vogt-O’Connor with Helena Zinkham, Brett Carnell, and Kit Peterson (Society of American Archivists, 2006)

Resources—Images


Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, tools, standards, strategies edited by Murtha Baca (Getty Publications, 2002)

http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intro_aia/index.html

Shatford, Sara. “Analyzing the Subject of a Picture: a Theoretical Approach.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 6 (Spring 1986): 39-62.

Resources—Images


Data Dictionary: Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images strategies edited by Murtha Baca (Getty Publications, 2002)

http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards/kfile_download?id%3Austring%3Aiso-8859-1=Z39-87-2006.pdf&pt=RkGKiXzW643YeUaYUqZ1BFwDhIG4-24RJbcZBWg8uE4vWdpZsJDs4RjLz0t90_d5_ymGsj_IKVaGZww13HuDlSn6cvwjex0ejiIKSaTYlErPbfamndQa6zkS6rLL3oIr

Resources—Data Dictionary


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