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Themes of Geography. Location, regions, place, movement, human-environmental interaction. Location. Where is it? Continent? Country? State? City? Exact coordinates (latitude & longitude). Where is New Orleans?. Regions. Share at least one common feature

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Themes of Geography

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Themes of Geography

Location, regions, place, movement, human-environmental interaction


Location

  • Where is it?

    • Continent?

    • Country?

    • State?

    • City?

    • Exact coordinates (latitude & longitude)


Where is New Orleans?


Regions

  • Share at least one common feature

  • The world can be divided into many types of regions

    • Continents- Africa, Asia, Australia

    • Countries- Nigeria, Mali, Ghana, (West Africa)


  • States- California, Oregon, Washington

  • Cities- Minneapolis, St. Paul

  • Political regions


Place

  • Natural and human features that make one place different than every other place

    • Landforms- Grand Canyon, Mount Everest

    • Climate- Rain Forest, Deserts, Ice Caps

    • Plants- Cactus, Venus Fly Trap, Indigenous plants


  • Animals- Polar bears, lions, seals, rattle snakes

  • People- Zulu warriors, Celtic Clans

  • Language

  • Culture


Movement

  • How do people, goods, and ideas move from place to place?

  • Silks from China

  • Pizza from Italy

  • Name something in America that originated in another country!


Human-Environment Interaction

  • Relationships between people and the environment

  • How people live, work, dress, travel, and communicate


Jacksonville, NC

  • Describe Jacksonville by using each of the five themes of geography

    • Location

    • Regions

    • Place

    • Movement

    • Interaction


Quick write

  • Use your notes to summarize what you have learned in a well written paragraph.

  • 10 minutes


Location

Movements of the Earth

Page M2-M3


The Earth

  • Revolves around the sun in a circular path called an orbit

  • Revolution- one complete orbit around the sun is 365 ¼ days (1 year)

  • Rotation- the Earth also spins on its axis and one rotation occurs in 24 hours


Hemispheres


Hemisphere Breakdown


The Seasons

  • Earth’s axis is tilted at an angle

  • Sunlight strikes different parts of the Earth at different times in the year


Autumn

  • Begins September 22or 23

  • Sun is directly overhead at Equator

  • Almost equal hours of sunlight and darkness


Winter

  • Begins December 21

  • Sun directly overhead at Tropic of Capricorn

  • Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun


Spring

  • Begins March 20 or 21

  • Sun is directly overhead at the Equator

  • Almost equal hours of sunlight and darkness


Summer

  • Begins June 21 or 22

  • Sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer

  • Northern Hemisphere receives the greatest hours of sunlight


Critical thinking?

  • So does the sun rise in the east and set in the west?

    • No- the sun does not actually change positions

    • The Earth rotates on its axis so that different regions face the sun at different times of the day.


Understanding Globes


Globes

  • Scale model of Earth

  • Shows actual shapes, sizes, locations

    • Landforms

    • Bodies of water

    • Elevation

    • Depressions


World Divisions


Parallels of Latitude

  • Latitude lines are imaginary horizontal lines

    • Equator

    • Tropic of Cancer 23.5ْ N

    • Tropic of Capricorn 23.5ْ S


Equator

  • Halfway between North & South Poles

  • 0ْ latitude

  • Divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres

  • “Earth’s Belt”


Meridians of Longitude

  • The globe divided along imaginary vertical lines

    • Prime Meridian- runs from North Pole to South Poles (0ْ longitude)

    • Divides East and West Hemispheres


Global Grids

  • Latitude- North & South degrees (sides of maps)

  • Longitude- East & West degrees (top and bottom of maps)

  • * (1 degree latitude or longitude= ~69 miles or 111 kilometers)


Latitude/Longitude Practice

  • Latitude degrees only

    • Example (Page 464)

    • Mexico City

      19ْ N


Latitude/Longitude Practice

  • Longitude degrees only

    • Example (page 464)

    • Lima, Peru

      76ْ W


Try These Coordinates


Answers

  • Page#LocationLatitude Longitude

  • 468Quito, Ecuador 1ْ S78ْ W

  • 468Buenos Aires, Argentina 35ْ S58ْ W

  • 471Raleigh, NC 37ْْ N78ْ W

  • 471Houston, TX 29ْ N95ْ W

  • 472Madrid, Spain 41ْ N4ْ W

  • 472Istanbul, Turkey 42ْ N28ْ E

  • 474Cape Town, South Africa 34ْ S18ْ E

  • 476Sanaa, Yemen15ْ N45ْ E


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