The terrible 14 th century
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The Terrible 14 th Century. A century of famine, war, and plague The plague: extent and symptoms The plague: social effects The cause and the cure Questions remaining. I. A century of famine, war, and plague. The Famine. Never-ending rainfall in northern Europe, 1315-1317.

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The Terrible 14 th Century

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The Terrible 14th Century

  • A century of famine, war, and plague

  • The plague: extent and symptoms

  • The plague: social effects

  • The cause and the cure

  • Questions remaining


I. A century of famine, war, and plague


The Famine

Never-ending rainfall in northern Europe, 1315-1317


Famine lion


Warfare

The Hundred Years’ War: France v. England, 1337-1453


Battle of Crecy 100 Years’ War


Battle of Agincourt


II. The plague: extent and symptoms


The spread of the plague, 1347-1351


Plague struck the Italian seaports


Life Expectancy in England(how long the average person lived)

Years and Eras:Life Span:

1276 (the good 13th century) 35.28 years

1301-1325 (the famine era)29.84 years

1348-1375 (plague era)17.33 years


plague symptoms


Man revealing buboe on his leg


Monks with plague


Couple with plague


Modern plague victim with buboe


III. Social Effects of the Plague


Burying plague victims in coffins


Doctor with plague mask


Flagellants


Burning Jews, who were blamed for the plague


Plague artwork: the obsession with death


The Dance of Skeletonsby Michael Wolgemut (1493)


IV. The cause and the cure


The plague bacterium, Yersinia Pestis


Xenopsylla Cheopis the flea that spread the plague


Plague-carrying Black rat


Alexandre Yersin discovered the plague bacterium in 1894


Shibasaburo Kitasato also discovered the plague bacterium in 1894


Paul-Louis Simond showed how the plague was transmitted to humans, in 1898


Selman Abraham Waksman discovered Streptomycin in 1943


Plague in the U.S. Southwest


V. Questions remaining

  • Why did it come and go in just a few years?

  • Was it really bubonic plague or something else?

  • Would society react the same way to a similar situation now?


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