Syllabification Principles. Dr. Marga Vinagre Phonetics II Department of English Studies. Daniel Jones’ Dictionary. Steps in syllabification Transcribe and mark stress MOP - Sonority profile ( possible clusters )
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Dr. Marga Vinagre
Department of English Studies
- Sonorityprofile (possibleclusters)
-Syllableweight (stressedsyllablescan’tbe light, i.ethereisonly a short vowel). Therefore, wetakethefollowingconsonanttomakeit a ‘strongsyllable’. Strong syllables are: short vowel+coda, diphthong or long vowels in the nucleus
1. If a consonantclusterwithin a word can bedividedintotwoparts, suchthatthefirstis a possibleword-final cluster and thesecond a possibleword-initialcluster, then a syllableboundarymaybe placed betweenthesetwoparts.
2. Sometimesalternatives are possible; as a general rule, stressedsyllablestendtoattractconsonantsmore thanunstressedones.
3. A single consonant between vowels is normally taken as being the onset of the syllable containing the following vowel: Maximum Onset Principle
(Ambisyllabicity: in an unstressed syllable the 1st consonant of the onset also serves as coda of the preceding syllable: hp.i)
-Syllable boundaries always come between morphemes or elements of a compound:
blackboard/blk.bd/, murderer /m:.dr./
In general terms, open vowels like [a] have the highest sonority because the vocal tract is open and a large amount of acoustic energy radiates from the vocal tract. At the other extreme, voiceless oral stops have least sonority because there is no acoustic energy during the closure in which the vocal tract is constricted.
If they conform to the sonority profile, consonants sequences in syllable onsets increase in sonority from left to right and consonant sequences in syllable codas decrease in sonority from left to right. From this we can predict which consonant sequences are more probable for syllable onsets and codas.