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# Split projections 3 Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Split projections 3 Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35. Introduction to Syntax ANTH 3590/7590 Harry Howard Tulane University. Course management. http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/ANTH3590/ I added two sample presentations to the final exam day on the home page. REVIEW. SPLIT VP. The data

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Split projections 3 Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35

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## Split projections 3Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35

Introduction to Syntax

ANTH 3590/7590

Harry Howard

Tulane University

### Course management

• http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/ANTH3590/

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### REVIEW

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### SPLIT VP

• The data

• She rolled the ball down the hill. (36a)

• Two guesses

• she [V' [V rolled] [DP the ball] [PP down the hill]] (37)

• She rolled [the ball down the hill] and [the acorn up the mountain]. (38)

• she [V' [V rolled] [DP the ball [PP down the hill]]]

• *The ball down the hill will roll.

• The ball will roll down the hill. (39b)

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### Third guess: V shell ~ split VP (47)v is an abstract causative light verb, like make

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

roll+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

V assigns LOCATIVE to its internal argument

-------

V assigns THEME to its external argument

v

ø

VP

DP

the ball

V'

v assigns AGENT to its external argument

thematic

agentive

V

roll

PP

down the hill

### SPLIT PROJECTIONS

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

49a) They will gently roll the ball down the hill.

49b) They will roll the ball gently down the hill.

53a) He had deliberately rolled the ball gently down the hill.

53b) He had gently rolled the ball deliberately down the hill.

54a) Mary perfectly jumped the horse over the last fence.

54b) Mary jumped the horse perfectly over the last fence.

*

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

*

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

T

will

vP

roll+

PRN

they

v'

-------

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

gently

deliberately

v'

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the ball

V'

V

roll

PP

down the hill

### … or to V’ (51)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

roll+

T

will

vP

PRN

they

v'

-------

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

v

ø

-------

VP

DP

the ball

V’

V'

gently

perfectly

V

roll

PP

down the hill

• Adverbs like deliberately can only adjoin to a projection headed by an agentive verb, such as v (so they only adjoin to v’).

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### OTHER TRANSITIVE STRUCTURES

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### Inductive introduction

• Other transitive verbs

55a They will load the truck with hay.

56a) The truck will load with hay.

57a) They will carefully load the truck with hay.

57b) They will load the truck carefully with hay.

also give to, take from, blame for

• Particle verbs

• He was taking out the rubbish.

• He was taking the rubbish out.

• Resultative verbs

60a) The acid will turn the litmus paper red.

62a) Duncan must persuade Dougal that he should be less frugal.

62b) Duncan must persuade Dougal to be less frugal.

*

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

### Load with (58)carefully adjoins to v’ or V’no intransitive version > the verb is always agentive

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the truck

V'

V

PP

with ø hay

### take out (59)take the rubbish out, but not take out the rubbish

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

take+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the rubbish

V'

V

take

PP

out

### Resultative turn red (61)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

it

T’

turn+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

it

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the litmus paper

V'

V

turn

red

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

DP

ø Duncan

T’

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

DP

ø Duncan

v'

-----------

------------

v

ø

VP

DP

ø Dougal

V'

V