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Split projections 3 Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35. Introduction to Syntax ANTH 3590/7590 Harry Howard Tulane University. Course management. http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/ANTH3590/ I added two sample presentations to the final exam day on the home page. REVIEW. SPLIT VP. The data

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Split projections 3 nov 28 2012 day 35

Split projections 3Nov 28, 2012 – Day 35

Introduction to Syntax

ANTH 3590/7590

Harry Howard

Tulane University


Course management
Course management

  • http://www.tulane.edu/~howard/ANTH3590/

  • I added two sample presentations to the final exam day on the home page.

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane


Review
REVIEW

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane


Split vp
SPLIT VP

  • The data

    • She rolled the ball down the hill. (36a)

  • Two guesses

    • she [V' [V rolled] [DP the ball] [PP down the hill]] (37)

    • She rolled [the ball down the hill] and [the acorn up the mountain]. (38)

    • she [V' [V rolled] [DP the ball [PP down the hill]]]

    • *The ball down the hill will roll.

    • The ball will roll down the hill. (39b)

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane


Third guess v shell split vp 47 v is an abstract causative light verb like make
Third guess: V shell ~ split VP (47)v is an abstract causative light verb, like make

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

roll+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

V assigns LOCATIVE to its internal argument

-------

V assigns THEME to its external argument

v

ø

VP

DP

the ball

V'

v assigns AGENT to its external argument

thematic

agentive

V

roll

PP

down the hill


Split projections
SPLIT PROJECTIONS

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

Continue Radford §8.4


A look at adverbs
A look at adverbs

49a) They will gently roll the ball down the hill.

49b) They will roll the ball gently down the hill.

53a) He had deliberately rolled the ball gently down the hill.

53b) He had gently rolled the ball deliberately down the hill.

54a) Mary perfectly jumped the horse over the last fence.

54b) Mary jumped the horse perfectly over the last fence.

*

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

*


Adverbs adjoin to v 50
Adverbs adjoin to v’ … (50)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

T

will

vP

roll+

PRN

they

v'

-------

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

ADV

gently

deliberately

v'

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the ball

V'

V

roll

PP

down the hill


Or to v 51
… or to V’ (51)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

roll+

T

will

vP

PRN

they

v'

-------

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

v

ø

-------

VP

DP

the ball

V’

V'

ADV

gently

perfectly

V

roll

PP

down the hill


Adverb position
Adverb position

  • Adverbs like gently can adjoin to v’ or V’.

  • Adverbs like deliberately can only adjoin to a projection headed by an agentive verb, such as v (so they only adjoin to v’).

  • Adverbs like perfectly can only adjoin to V’.

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane


Other transitive structures
OTHER TRANSITIVE STRUCTURES

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

Radford §8.5


Inductive introduction
Inductive introduction

  • Other transitive verbs

    55a They will load the truck with hay.

    56a) The truck will load with hay.

    57a) They will carefully load the truck with hay.

    57b) They will load the truck carefully with hay.

    also give to, take from, blame for

  • Particle verbs

    • He was taking out the rubbish.

    • He was taking the rubbish out.

  • Resultative verbs

    60a) The acid will turn the litmus paper red.

  • Verbs like persuade

    62a) Duncan must persuade Dougal that he should be less frugal.

    62b) Duncan must persuade Dougal to be less frugal.

*

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane


Load with 58 carefully adjoins to v or v no intransitive version the verb is always agentive
Load with (58)carefully adjoins to v’ or V’no intransitive version > the verb is always agentive

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

load+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the truck

V'

V

load

PP

with ø hay


Take out 59 take the rubbish out but not take out the rubbish
take out (59)take the rubbish out, but not take out the rubbish

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

they

T’

take+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

they

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the rubbish

V'

V

take

PP

out


R esultative turn red 61
Resultative turn red (61)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

PRN

it

T’

turn+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

PRN

it

v'

-------

-------

v

ø

VP

DP

the litmus paper

V'

V

turn

AdjP

red


Persuade 64
Persuade (64)

ForceP

Force

Ø

TP

DP

ø Duncan

T’

persuade+

T

will

vP

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

DP

ø Duncan

v'

-----------

------------

v

ø

VP

DP

ø Dougal

V'

V

persuade

CP

that he should be less frugal

ø PRO to be less frugal


Next time
NEXT TIME

ANTH3590/7590, Harry Howard, Tulane

Continue with §8


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