Driverless Car        Technology

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Background. Futurama" built in 1933 by Norman Bel Geddes.Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, 1977, max. speed of 20 mph.Mercedes Benz robot van, max. speed of 60 mph, built in 1980. VaMP and others. What Is a Driverless Car?. It is an autonomous vehicle that is capable of fulfilling the

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Driverless Car Technology

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1. Driverless Car Technology

2. Background “Futurama” built in 1933 by Norman Bel Geddes. Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, 1977, max. speed of 20 mph. Mercedes Benz robot van, max. speed of 60 mph, built in 1980. VaMP and others

3. What Is a Driverless Car? It is an autonomous vehicle that is capable of fulfilling the human transportation capabilities of a traditional car by sending its environment and navigating on its own. A human may choose a destination, but is not required to perform any mechanical operation of the vehicle. In other words, it’s just a car that drives by itself. In other words, it’s just a car that drives by itself.

4. Driverless Car Sub-Systems Main systems that allow the car to drive on its own: Sensors and laser scanners Navigation system The motion planning The control system

5. How Sensors Work There are various sensors installed in the car that work together to recognize mobile (pedestrians, other cars, and motorcycles) and immobile objects (buildings, trees, etc.). Scanners send laser beams around the car and the light is reflected back from its objects on its approximate distance. Laser scanners track everything around the car 10 times per second.There are various sensors installed in the car that work together to recognize mobile (pedestrians, other cars, and motorcycles) and immobile objects (buildings, trees, etc.). Scanners send laser beams around the car and the light is reflected back from its objects on its approximate distance. Laser scanners track everything around the car 10 times per second.

6. Fully Autonomous Systems Pre-Built Infrastructure Driver Assistance Approaches to Driverless Transportation Systems Fully Autonomous Systems imply an ability of a future car to safely navigate unfamiliar environments and transport people and goods from place to place safely. Pre-Built Infrastructure Systems make use of existing technologies (such as GPS) to enable driverless car transportation in defined areas. Driver Assistance technologies make use of small steps in achieving a fully automated driverless vehicle.Fully Autonomous Systems imply an ability of a future car to safely navigate unfamiliar environments and transport people and goods from place to place safely. Pre-Built Infrastructure Systems make use of existing technologies (such as GPS) to enable driverless car transportation in defined areas. Driver Assistance technologies make use of small steps in achieving a fully automated driverless vehicle.

7. Fully Autonomous System Aim to enable future cars to fully operate themselves in the unfamiliar environments and transport people, and goods safely. There is no such technology exist today. A driverless car is in the “experimental stage,” and even though the driverless car can operate on its own, it cannot operate in unfamiliar environments yet.A driverless car is in the “experimental stage,” and even though the driverless car can operate on its own, it cannot operate in unfamiliar environments yet.

8. Pre-built Infrastructure Systems Take the existing technologies to develop driverless cars in defined areas, such as airport or campus. The implementation of this method is entirely possible today, but the cost of equipment and infrastructure is prohibitive. FROG or Free Ranging On Grid project is an example. The FROG combines central system with autonomous vehicle using lasers, ultrasonic sensors and odometry via magnets. This system is currently being used for small-scale applications, such as factory sites and container ports.FROG or Free Ranging On Grid project is an example. The FROG combines central system with autonomous vehicle using lasers, ultrasonic sensors and odometry via magnets. This system is currently being used for small-scale applications, such as factory sites and container ports.

9. Driver Assistance Systems Make use of small steps in achieving a fully automated driverless vehicle. Already had been installed in some luxury cars, such as anti-lock brakes, stability control, pre-safe systems, cruise control, and advance parking guidance system.

10. Who Is Working On The Driverless Car Technology? Artificial Intelligence Group of the Free University Berlin. Professor Raul Rojas (predict 30 to 40 years before these cars become available to regular consumers) Google. Professor Sebastian Thrun General Motors (predict to introduce a car in the market by 2018) And others There are many others who are working on this technology.There are many others who are working on this technology.

11. “Made In Germany” Or “MIG” Volkswagen Passat Worth $551,800 Built-in lots of special technology Drive on its own Accident free http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SP0MWeoKmbg

13. Google’s Driverless Car Toyota Prius Has about 140,000 miles (California, San Francisco Bay). Has one accident http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bp9KBrH8H04

15. Advantages of Driverless Car Fewer car accidents Allow better traffic flow (tighter packing of vehicles on the road) Less pollution Reduced the amount of space required for parking

16. Advantages of Driverless Car No need to learn how to drive a car More efficient allocation of time (instead of driving, read, work, relax, etc.) Young, elderly, disabled can take advantage of this opportunity Reduce the need for police monitoring and vehicle insurances

17. Disadvantages of Driverless Car Technology Give up joy of driving Computerizing human labor (reduce need for workers will increase unemployment rate) How safe is this technology? Computer cannot reason and predict human behavior

18. Summary The driverless car is still at the “experimental stage” The driverless car is illegal in all 50 states. As an exception, driverless cars now legal in the US State of Nevada (temporarily for tests)

19. Conclusion The Driverless car technology is definitely a cutting edge technology, but the question is if we are ready for this technology?! Are we ready to trust our lives to computers? May be not now, but soon enough we probably will.

20. References http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SP0MWeoKmbg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bp9KBrH8H04 http://auto.howstuffworks.com/under-the-hood/trends-innovations/driverless-car1.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_car http://www.economist.com/blogs/schumpeter/2011/09/driverless-cars

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