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CAPTIONING ACCESSIBLE EDUCATION FOR HEARING IMPAIRED PEOPLE. Lang Tech 2008 Rome 28-29 February 2008. Fausto Ramondelli. enhancement of subtitling. commercial technical skills. Real-time subtitling (closed captioning).

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captioning accessible education for hearing impaired people

CAPTIONINGACCESSIBLE EDUCATION FOR HEARING IMPAIRED PEOPLE

Lang Tech 2008

Rome 28-29 February 2008

Fausto Ramondelli

enhancement of subtitling
enhancement of subtitling
  • commercial
  • technical
  • skills
real time subtitling closed captioning
Real-time subtitling (closed captioning)
  • access to meetings, congresses, conventions, conferences, university lectures, by means of a stenotype machine.
  • stenotypist (captioner), with excellent knowledge, accuracy and speed
access to information and education
Access to information and education
  • access to information and communication
    • constitutional rights
    • justice
    • public offices
    • political events
    • safety news
    • education programs
the hearing impaired community
The hearing impaired community
  • to take part in social life (education, labour, entertainment, culture)
  • overcome communication barriers

disabilities are so only (or also) because we don’t make any tangible effort; nevertheless, we can rely on tools and skills allowing us to eliminate or improve the conditions of deaf people

technical and skill progress
Technical and skill progress
  • technical progress goes hand in hand with skills upgrading and marketing-oriented activities
  • growing awareness of subtitling opportunities and challenges
with or without images
With or withoutimages?
  • YESTERDAY
    • three-four scrolling lines box under the image of the speaker, like in TV programs (this is where the word “subtitling” comes from )
  • TODAY
    • whole page of simultaneous transcription, without images
    • longer text (with a context)
    • presentation is not disturbed by the scrolling of the captions box.
to simplify or not
TO SIMPLIFY OR NOT?
  • complete and faithful
  • no summary
  • no simplification
  • neutrality of the mediation process
  • entire meaning
remote or web subtitling 1
remote or web subtitling 1
  • work without going to the place where event is held
  • drop in costs and price
  • less time and cost-effective transfer
  • teleworking
  • less downtime.
  • job flexibility

rare captioners in Italy

remote or web subtitling 2
Remote Or Web Subtitling 2
  • broadband connection nearly everywhere
  • web for transferring the digital audio flow and receiving captions from the remote workplace
  • the speaker’s (teacher’s) voice is encoded and sent to the stenotypist who produces subtitles that users (students) can read real time.

insegnante

studente

ADSL

ADSL

IPTV

postazione remota stenotipista

captioning devices
Captioningdevices
  • AUDIO
    • Voice Over IP software (such as Skype)
  • SUBTITLES
    • desktop or application sharing
    • NOW
  • Specific web clients
    • higher security
    • user friendly environment for captioners and users.
marketing
Marketing
  • spreading information and awareness about captioning
  • reduce costs and prices along with the demand increase
  • improve professional skills
benefits
Benefits
  • production of a text available for later processing
  • effective communication device
  • analytic and not syntetic
  • faithful (not intermediated) “translation” of the speech

hearing impaired associations (ENS, FIADDA, FISH and others) always perform live subtitling in their conventions and encourage subtitling in a great deal of social and working environments

university lessons
Universitylessons
  • University lessons
    • Padova, Milan, Rome, Palermo, Turin, Bologna, Naples
  • FEEDBACK

Valeria Cotura:

“Stenotype has allowed deaf people to disclose environments once acustically precluded, thus revealing impossible and unimaginable horizons ... Students can catch particular tones, which are essential for defining the real meaning of the lesson ... Captions make it possible to understand lessons more accurately, allow to “hear” dialogues between other students and the teacher, enable to take part actively and to interact ... Sometimes teachers theirselves have requested the subtitled texts even for preparing the following lessons ...”

what is coming
Whatiscoming?
  • tests performed successfully
  • standardization is a priority
  • easier and more proper use
  • web captioning will be the most used way of providing captions in the future
    • lower costs and simpler job organization
  • on-demand captioning
    • send the digital audio
    • receive captions
speech recognition captioning 1
SpeechRecognitioncaptioning 1
  • Mr. Giuliano Pirelli, on behalf of the EU Joint Research Center in Ispra
  • VOICE Project (1996) at “developing and spreading tools for deaf people to become more active in the society”
  • Real time voice captioning in meetings and conventions
speech recognition captioning 2
SpeechRecognitioncaptioning 2

Stenotype

(spelling)

Voice

(phonetic)

  • production of text along with the fast striking of carachters and syllabs on the steno keyboard
  • more accurate
  • fit for subtitling in any environment
  • long training
  • probabilistic matching voice data/vocabulary
  • less accurate
  • not fit for subtitling needs in a general domain
  • short training
  • good for domain-specific environments (medical, technique, sport TV programs/channels) major improvements are expected to come in the next future
captioning skills
Captioningskills
  • both for stenotype and SR captioning highly skilled professionals are requested
  • many stenotypists but few captioners (less than 15)
  • no way of training captioners from the beginning (at least 2 years!)
    • long term training
    • low job placement degree
  • training of skilled stenotypists
the proposal from the academy giuseppe aliprandi
The proposal from the Academy “Giuseppe Aliprandi”
  • human contribution
    • speed and accuracy
    • linguistic and intellectual mediation
  • captioning carry on the cultural path of fast writings (shorthand and typing)
  • fully part of the automatic treatment of language
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