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Annual Refresher Training. Tools and Machine Guards. Hazard Recognition. Tools and equipment used on the job can be dangerous devices.  Even a simple hand tool can cause injury. Workers with little or no training are the highest risk for injury . Tools are common in “day-to-day” life

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Annual Refresher Training

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Annual refresher training

Annual Refresher Training

Tools and Machine Guards

Hazard recognition

Hazard Recognition

Tools and equipment used on the job can be dangerous devices.  Even a simple hand tool can cause injury. Workers with little or no training are the highest risk for injury

  • Tools are common in “day-to-day” life

  • Difficult to spot hazards due to familiarity

  • Most tools manufactured with safety devices

  • Users must inspect the tool daily

  • Tools are often misused

Examples of misuse

Examples of Misuse

  • Using a screwdriver as a chisel

  • Using tools with loose handles

  • Wrenches with sprung jaws

Hand tools safety

Hand Tools Safety

  • Regular plastic dipped handles on hand tools are not for working on electrical equipment.

  • If a wooden handle on a tool, such as a hammer or axe is loose, splintered or cracked, the head of the tool may dislodge from the handle.

  • A wrench must not be used if its jaws are sprung.

  • Impact tools, such as chisels, wedges or drift pins are unsafe if they have mushroomed heads. The heads may shatter on impact, causing sharp fragments to disperse

Power tools safety

Power Tools Safety

Five basic rules with power tools

Five Basic Rules with Power Tools

  • Keep all tools regularly maintained

  • Use the right tool for the job

  • Examine each tool for damage before use

  • Operate tools in accordance with the manufacturer

  • Provide and use the proper personal protective equipment



  • Never place your finger on the start button while carrying a power tool.

  • Never try to alter a tool to complete a task it was not designed for perform.

  • Never remove a guard from a tool or machine.

  • Be sure the power tool you need to use has a functioning guard.

  • Properly tighten all nuts and bolts

Precautions cont

Precautions, cont.

  • Before You Plug it in, check for loose or frayed cords.

  • Only use double-insulated or three-pronged plugs.

  • Never carry a tool by the cord or hose

  • Never yank the cord to unplug it

  • Keep cords and hoses away form heat, oil, and sharp edges

  • Disconnect tools when not in use

Precautions cont1

Precautions, cont

  • Make sure observers at a safe distance

  • Secure work with a vise or clamp

  • Keep tools sharp and lubricated

  • Do not wear loose clothes, ties, jewelry, etc.

  • Mark or tag all damaged tools with “Do Not Use”

Personal protective equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

  • Use proper gloves when applying any chemical

  • Wear the appropriate safety glasses/goggles when using hand tools

  • Use the proper respirator when working with power tools that may produce respiratory hazards

  • Spark shield and protection around flammables

  • Don’t use tools near aisle ways

Equipment machine safety

Proper Tool Storage

When finished using a power tool, disconnect it immediately from its power source

Do not wrap the electric cord around the tool because it may cause the cord to wear or break

Working at Heights

Never work directly above someone.

Do not carry tools up ladders, instead use a hoist or rope to lift your tools.

Be aware of where your tools are at all times

Equipment & Machine Safety

Equipment machine safety1

Equipment & Machine Safety

  • Operate them within their design limitations

  • Gloves and footwear are recommended

  • When they are not in use, store them in a dry location

  • Do not use them in wet or damp location

  • Work areas should be well lighted

Machine guard

Machine Guard

Protective guards

Protective Guards

Guards are required for:

  • Pinch, shear, or in-roll points.

  • Shaft ends exposed more than ½ the diameter or have rough areas, such as gears, chains, pulleys, rope pulls and fan blades.

  • Electrical circuits.

General guard safety requirement

General Guard Safety Requirement

  • Prevent body contact with dangerous moving parts

  • Guards must be durable and firmly secured to the machine.

  • Unplug the machine before attempting to conduct repairs.

  • Never removed jammed objects by removing or working around the guard.

  • Guards must protect objects from falling into moving parts.

  • Guards must not create a hazard of its own, such as, shear points, jagged edges or any surface which could cause a laceration.

  • Guards should not create interference or impede the worker from job performance.

  • Properly maintain the machine according to manufacturer's instructions

  • Always use proper lockout and tagout procedures

Guards protect against

Guards Protect Against

Guards will provide protection for operators from the following hazards:

  • Point of operation

  • In-running nip points

  • Rotating parts

  • Flying chips and sparks

Power grinders

Power Grinders

  • Always use eye protection

  • Turn off power when it is not in use

  • Never clamp a hand-held grinder in a vise

All done


Make sure you fill out the quiz, sign it, and drop it off in my mailbox for record keeping.

Remember: This is an annual requirement.




Contact: Kathie Moh


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