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“Stories from my Grandmothers”. Florence McGeshick Garcia, Ed.D Washte Hinapawe “Good Woman Comes Out”. Research is Ceremony.

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Stories from my grandmothers

“Stories from my Grandmothers”

Florence McGeshick Garcia, Ed.D


“Good Woman Comes Out”

Research is ceremony

Research is Ceremony

  • “Stories go in circles. They don’t go in straight lines. It helps if ;you listen in circles because there are stories inside and between stories, and finding your way through them is as easy and as hard as finding your way home. Part of finding is getting lost, and whey you are lost, you start to open up and listen”. (Tafoya, 1995, p.12)

Trio student support services

TRiO Student Support Services

  • Federally funded grant to increase the retention and graduation rate of eligible students, i.e. first generation, low-income, disabled; serves 300 students at MSU.

  • Provide tutoring, advising, workshops, math instruction, academic counseling, cultural enrichment, career and graduate school exploration.

Chief seattle

Chief Seattle

"Take only memories. Leave nothing but footprints."

Zitkala sa

Zitkala Sa

  • "A wee child toddling in a wonder world, I prefer to their dogma my excursions into the natural gardens where the voice of the Great Spirit is heard in the twittering of birds, the rippling of mighty waters, and the sweet breathing of flowers. If this is Paganism, then at present, at least, I am a Pagan."



  • Describe basic Native American values

  • Explore how perceptions affect creative and critical thinking

  • Promote cross cultural competency and define cultural humility

  • Discuss Indigenous Intelligence and Indigenous Research

Context and need

Context and Need

  • Current status of Native Americans

  • MCA and Montana Constitution

  • Transforming perceptions

  • Why should we change?

  • What happens if we don’t?

  • What can we accomplish?



  • 562+ federally recognized tribes

  • Sovereign nations

  • Pre 1492

Mca 20 1 501

MCA 20-1-501

Every Montanan, whether Indian or non- Indian, be encouraged to learn about the distinct & unique heritage of American Indians in a culturally responsive manner

every educational agency and all educational personnel will work cooperatively with Montana tribes or those tribes that are in close proximity, when providing instruction or when implementing an educational goal or adopting a rule related to the education of each Montana citizen, to include information specific to the cultural heritage and contemporary contributions of American Indians, with particular emphasis on Montana Indian tribal groups and governments.




  • It is also the intent of this part, predicated on the belief that all school personnel should have an understanding and awareness of Indian tribes to help them relate effectively with Indian students and parents, that educational personnel provide means by which school personnel will gain an understanding of, and appreciation for, the American Indian people.

Stories from my grandmothers

Over time more American Indian/Alaska Native students have gone on to college and their attainment expectations have increased.

  • Demographic Overview

  • In 2006, there were 4.5 `` million American Indians/Alaska Natives in the United States, representing 1.5 percent of the total U.S. population.

  • `` In 2006, almost half (49 percent) of all American Indians/Alaska Natives alone,1 including those of Hispanic ethnicity, resided in western

  • states.

  • `` In 2003, there were more than 560 federally recognized American Indian/Alaska Native tribes, with the largest tribes being Cherokee

  • and Navajo.

  • `` Since 1990, the median age of American Indians/Alaska Natives, including those of Hispanic ethnicity, increased by 5 years, from 26

  • to 31. In 2006, the median age for the general

  • population was 36 years.



In 2006, 27 percent of Native individuals lived in poverty compared to 13 percent of the general population. At 36 percent, the American Indian/Alaska Native poverty rate was higher among families on reservations than among families in other American Indian/Alaska Native areas in 1999.

Perceptions myths or truths

Perceptions: Myths or Truths

  • We are a nation of immigrants

  • All Indians are alike

  • This is America and everyone is equal anyway (melting pot mentality)

  • Stereotypes

  • Forget the past (pull yourself up by your bootstraps—but I’m wearing moccasins)

  • Is it good to be different?

Washte hinapawe


  • Where I come from

  • My journey

  • My credentials

  • My vision



Susan and thomas duck

Susan and Thomas Duck

Hotonhowashte anpetu tokeca john other day

Hotonhowashte, AnpetuTokeca, John Other Day

Grandmothers voices

Grandmothers’ Voices

  • Hawaii

  • Interviews

  • Job

  • Dissertation

  • My daughter

Indigenous intelligence

Indigenous Intelligence

  • Resiliency

  • Cultural diversity

  • History, knowledge, and nature

  • Science and math

  • Language, art, music

  • Medicine wheel

  • Humor

Indian humor

Indian Humor



  • A to Z

  • Sharing stories

  • Humor

Scott bear don t walk racialicious blog

Scott Bear Don’t WalkRacialicious blog

  • “An Indian elder once told me that nomadic tribes had figured out a way to live so that they only had to spend about twenty hours a week “making a living.” The rest of the time was spent really living: socializing, telling stories, singing songs through long winter nights. In Western culture, we haven’t figured out how to spend less than forty hours at a desk. In this world, in Oxford’s world, relationships aren’t as important as getting ahead.”

Factors affecting learning

Factors affecting learning

  • Racism and Oppression

  • Intergenerational trauma

  • Poverty

  • Values/cultural practices

  • Environment

  • Learning styles

Health issues

Health issues

  • Diabetes

  • Substance abuse

  • Otitis media

  • Accidents

  • Heart problems

Healing the soul

Healing the Soul

  • Oppression; boarding schools

  • Systems, language, and values

  • Turning things around, 180 degrees

  • “Blue Winds Dancing”



  • Sherman Alexie or what I learned from a “part-time” Indian

  • Duran’s Healing the Soul Wound or break it to me gently

  • Paolo Freire or Pedagogy can be oppressive

  • Grandma Day or smart alecs can make you smarter

Transformational learning

Transformational Learning

  • Means we are growing

  • May be good or positive

  • Resiliency is a benefit

  • Getting to the next level (driving in reverse)

Inside the circle

Inside the Circle

  • Tipi, hogan

  • Medicine Wheel

  • Medicine lodge

  • Family, clan, tribe, nation

  • Infinite

How to relate better

How to relate better

  • Be genuine

  • Learn something about our history, culture, language, where we come from

  • If you don’t know, ask with respect

  • Don’t make assumptions

  • Invite us to be involved in activities or to do a workshop

  • Invite us to a non-Native event

  • Get to know one of us as a person, be a friend

  • Be patient

What is an indian

What is an Indian?

They say he is a person who doesn’t work, but gets a monthly check from the government. Others say he’s lazy; still others say he is a man that got a raw deal from the government. Therefore, he deserves what he can get from the government. Also others say he is a drunkard who will never amount to anything. So therefore the government should terminate him. Let him make his own way in the white man’s society.

Myself, I do not see an Indian in the same light as any of these people. I see the Indian as a group of people, all different in their ways, but held together by a common bond called culture. I see the Indian as a group who fought courageously against overwhelming odds, and after giving in and signing peace treaties, lived to see each peace treaty broken one by one. I see the Indian as an individual who, when the country was in danger, went to the front voluntarily and gave their last full measure of devotion in every major conflict including the Civil War, WWI, WWII, Korean Conflict and Vietnam.



I see the Indian as a group of people who are proud, and rightfully so, because they possess the secrets of life the white man has never discovered. I see the Indian as a group of people because, even with their broken English, they will tell you how important it is to gain an education in this modern world. I see the Indian who crossed a cultural barrier into the dominant society, to become the best in their chosen profession whether it be law, medicine, politics, trader, athlete, or fighting for freedom. When I think of the Indian in this light, I think of the question: What is an Indian? My chest suddenly expands and I say: I am Indian!

Cultural presence family spirituality resilience

Cultural presence: family, spirituality , resilience.

The future is going to be fine we are in good hands

The future is going to be fine – we are in good hands

Mitakuye oyasin


Teach your children what we have taught our children—that the earth is our mother. Whatever befalls the earth, befalls the sons and daughters of the earth.

Mitakuye oyasin1


My relatives, we are all related…

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