H ardware d evices
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H ardware D evices. FACULTY: VO VAN PHUC. Hardware Devices. Mainboard CPU RAM PSU (Case). Hardware Devices. Monitor VGA Card HDD Keyboard Mouse. Hardware Devices. Floppy Disk Drive (FDD) Optical Device Sound Card Printer Scanner Speaker / Headphone Web Cam Gamepad / Joystick.

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H ardware D evices

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Hardware Devices

FACULTY: VO VAN PHUC


Hardware Devices

  • Mainboard

  • CPU

  • RAM

  • PSU (Case)


Hardware Devices

  • Monitor

  • VGA Card

  • HDD

  • Keyboard

  • Mouse


Hardware Devices

  • Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)

  • Optical Device

  • Sound Card

  • Printer

  • Scanner

  • Speaker / Headphone

  • Web Cam

  • Gamepad / Joystick


Mainboard

  • Motherboard

  • System board


PCI EXPRESS

PORT

PCI

POWER P4

SOCKET

PIN

CMOS

CHIPSET

RAM

SLOT

SATA

FDD

IDE

POWER


Sockets

370 478 775


Socket


Chipset


IDE ATA Cable


Front Audio

Front USB

CPU FAN

Power Led Front Panel


Mainboard

RJ-45

PARALLEL

AUDIO

USB

VGA

COM

SERIAL

PS/2


Mainboard Parameter

  • Manufacturer: Intel, Gigabyte, ASUS, ESC, MSI…

  • Model: D945GVAL, D946GAV, D101GCC

  • Socket: LGA775

    • Bus 400 / 533 / 800 / 1066 / 1333

    • Support 3.8GHz

  • DDRAM x4 / Dual DDRAM II

    • Bus 133 / 266 / 400 / 533 / 667

  • LAN Onboard / VGA Onboard / Sound Onboard


CPU


Intel Pentium EE


Socket 478 vs. 775


CPU Fan


CPU Parameter

  • Manufacturer: Intel / AMD

    • Intel Celeron D 347 / 420 / 631

    • Intel Pentium 4 / Pentium D

    • Intel Core 2 Duo / Quad Core

  • Speed: 1.6 – 3.0 GHz

  • Bus: 533 / 800 / 1066 / 1333

  • Socket: LGA 775

  • Cache L2


RAM


ram

  • SRAM (Static RAM)

  • DRAM (Dynamic RAM)

    • SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)

      • DDR SDRAM (Double Data Rate SDRAM)

      • DDR 2

      • DDR 3


RAM


RAM Parameter

  • Manufacturer:

    • Kingmax, Kingston, Apacer, Cosair, Crucial…

  • SRAM / DRAM / SDRAM

  • DDR / DDR2 / DDR3

  • Bus 100 / 133 / 266 / 400 / 533 / 667 / 800 / 1066 / 1333 MHz

  • 16 / 32/ 64 / 128 / 256 / 512 MB

  • 1 / 2 / 4 GB


Power Supply Unit


20pins vs. 24pins


24pins


PSU Parameter

  • Power: 400W / 420W

  • 20 pins / 24 pins

  • USB Front


Case


Monitor

LCD CRT


Cathode Ray Tube


CRT Parameter

  • Size: 14" / 15" / 17" / 19"

  • Resolution: 1024x768 / 1280x1024

  • Flat


LCD

3:4 16:9


LCD


Connector

DVIVGA


LCD Parameter

  • Wide Screen

  • Resolution

    • 1024x768 / 1280x1024

    • 1440x900

  • Response time: 2 / 5 / 8 ms

  • Contrast: 700:1 / 800:1 / 2000:1

  • DVI


Response Time


Industry Standard


VGA Card

RJ-45

PARALLEL

AUDIO

USB

VGA

COM

SERIAL

PS/2


AGP Slot


Geforce FX500


PCI Express


Parameter

  • Manufacturer: Gigabyte / ASUS

  • nVIDIA Geforce / ATI Radeon

  • 64 / 128 / 256 / 512 MB

  • 64 / 128 / 256 bit


HDD


IDE ATA


IDE ATA


IDE ATA


SATA Cable


SATA


HDD Parameter

  • Manufacturer: Seagate, Samsung…

  • ATA / SATA / SCSI

  • 20 / 40 / 80 / 120 / 160 / 320 GB

  • Speed: 5400 / 7200 / 10000 / 15000 rpm

  • Cache 2 / 8 / 16 MB


Keyboard


Keyboard


Dvorak Keyboard


Keyboard


Mouse


1 Button


2 Buttons


3 Buttons


2 Buttons with Scroll


USB Mouse


Wireless Mouse


Mouse Parameter

  • PS/2 / USB

  • Optical / Laser

  • Scroll Wheel

  • Wireless


FDD


FDD


FDD


FDD


Optical Devices

  • CD ROM

  • CD RW

  • DVD ROM

  • DVD RW

  • COMBO

  • CD-R (CD-Recordable)

  • CD-RW (CD-Rewritable)

  • DVD-R

  • DVD-RW


Compact Disk

  • 120mm

  • 1,2mm

  • Aluminium


Compact Disk


Pits and Lands


Pits and Lands

0.5 micron

1.6 micron


CD

  • Beam width: 800nm

  • Capacity: 700MB

  • Time unit: 1 / 4,321,800 sec


DVD

  • Pit: 0.74 micron

  • Beam width: 350nm

  • Capacity: 4.7 GB


DVD

  • DVD 5: Single Side, Single Layer = 4.7GB

  • DVD 9: Single Side, Double Layer = 8.5GB

  • DVD 10: Double Side, Single Layer = 9.4 GB

  • DVD 18: Double Side, Double Layer = 17 GB


DVD

  • DVD+R

  • DVD-R

  • DVD+RW

  • DVD-RW

  • DVD±RW

  • DVD-RAM


Speed

  • CD

    • 1X = 150 KB/s

    • 52X = 7800 KB/s ~ 7.6 MB/s

    • 52/32/52

  • DVD

    • 1X = 1.25 MB/s

    • 16X = 20 MB/s


Internal Interfaces

  • ATAPI (Extra IDE)

  • SCSI

  • SATA


DVD-RW Ext.


  • Max. 16X DVD±R / 8X DVD+RW / 6X DVD-RW / 8X DVD±R (DL)

  • Max. 40X CD-R / 32X CD-RW

  • Max. 16X DVD-ROM / 40 CD-ROM

  • Max. 5X DVD-RAM Read / Write support


Mini CD

  • 8cm

  • Capacity: 200MB / 24min


Sound Card

RJ-45

PARALLEL

AUDIO

USB

VGA

COM

SERIAL

PS/2


Sound Card


Sound Card


Speaker


Speaker


Speaker


Speaker


Laser Printer


Dot Matrix Printer


Inkjet Printer


Printer Parameter

  • HP / Canon / Samsung / Epson

  • Inkjet / Dot Matrix / Laser

  • Monochrome (Black-White) / Color

  • Size: A4 / A3

  • Speed: 12 / 14 / 16 / 20 ppm

  • Resolution: 600 / 1200 dpi

  • Port: Parallel / USB


Scanner


Scanner Parameter

  • HP

  • Resolution: 300 / 600 / 1200 / 2400 dpi (dots per inch)

  • Transparency Adapter: scan film

  • Interface: USB 1.1 / 2.0

  • Color depth:

    • High color: 16 bit

    • True color: 24 bit / 32 bit

  • Sensor: CCD / CIS


Headphone


Web Cam


Gamepad


Joystick


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