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At Risk Elderly Residents of Traverse City. Melissa Benderman , Megan Clinard , Marissa Herrera, Shannon Mienk , Sally Murphy, Joshua Schad , Erica Zache Ferris State University. Abstract.

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at risk elderly residents of traverse city

At Risk Elderly Residents of Traverse City

Melissa Benderman, Megan Clinard, Marissa Herrera, Shannon Mienk, Sally Murphy, Joshua Schad, Erica Zache

Ferris State University

abstract
Abstract
  • The population of residents in Traverse City continues to grow faster than the national average (MDCH 2003). Among people 65 years old and older, falls are the leading cause of injury deaths and the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions for trauma (Zeischegg 2010).
  • As the geriatric population in Traverse City increases, area residents will need to assist the elderly in accessing available services.
  • Current demographics relating to this increase are reviewed.
  • Suggested interventions to decrease risk for injuriesor ambulatory care sensitive conditions and hospitalizations related to falls, andways to evaluate outcomes are presented.
problem statement
Problem Statement
  • Residents in Traverse City who are 65 years or older are at risk for injuries andambulatory caresensitive condition or hospitalizations related to falls, as evidenced by:
  • Review of the an ambulatory care sensitive condition data for the age group of 65 and older shows Grand Traverse County increased by 33.1% while the state benchmark increased by 30.7% (MDCH, 2009).
  • Thirty-eight percent of people over 65 report hearing problems, vision

difficulties, cognitive impairment or ambulation problems that hinder their self care (Administration on Aging, 2010).

data to support
Data to Support

To further facilitate a study of the data of the demographic with the greatest growth and search for a problem that can be remedied, the data for ambulatory care sensitive hospitalizations was reviewed.

The Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) defines an ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) as “hospitalizations for conditions where timely and effective ambulatory care can decrease hospitalizations by preventing the onset of an illness or condition, controlling an acute episode of an illness or managing a chronic disease of condition” (MDCH, 2009).

GTC’s increase in ACSC was 2.4% more than the state benchmarks. It could be inferred that the factors relating to the increase can be attributed to the increase in the population of GTC that are 65 and older, as well as, the group of persons age 65 and older are most affected by this problem.

data to support1
Data to Support

According to the data from the Census Bureau between 2000 and the study performed from 2006 to 2008 Grand Traverse County population of those 65 years and older experienced a 21.36 percent increase or about 12.82 percent more increase than the National Benchmarks (MDCH, 2009).

data to support2
Data to Support

Review of the an ambulatory care sensitive condition data for the age group of 65 and older shows Grand Traverse County increased by 33.1% while the state benchmark increased by 30.7% (MDCH, 2009).

data to support3
Data to Support

It is estimated that by the year 2020 one-third of Grand Traverse County residents will be senior citizens (Grand Traverse County).

data to support4
Data to Support

“The condition (FTT) affects 5 to 35 percent of community-dwelling older adults, 25 to 40 percent of nursing home residents, and 50 to 60 percent of hospitalized veterans” (Robertson & Montagnini, 2004).

data to support5
Data to Support
  • “In 2007, more than 21,700 Americans died as a result of falls and more than 7.9 million were injured by a fall including over 1.8 million older adults who had a fall-related injury that resulted in an emergency room visit.
  • Falls are the leading cause of injury-related deaths among older adults 73 and older and the second leading cause of death from ages 60-72” (National Safety Council, n.d., para. 1).
data to support6
Data to Support
  • “Why fall prevention is important.
  • Falls are a major threat to the health and independence of older adults, people aged 65 and older.
  • Each year in the United States, nearly one-third of older adults experience a fall” (CDC, 2008, p. 6).
data to support7
Data to Support

Fall injuries accounted for 38.5 percent of the unintentional injuries for those ages 65 and older for Grand Traverse County in 2007 (Michigan Department of Community Health, 2009).

health interventions
Health Interventions
  • Exercise Program
    • Exercise is the only intervention that by itself reduces falls among older adults.
    • Exercises can improve mobility, strength, and balance
  • Review your Medications with your Physician
  • Check vision
  • Check hearing

http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/images/CDC_Guide-a.pdf

senior center topics for education
Senior Center Topics for Education

We will have seniors at

the community center

sign up for an in home

evaluation. Education

will be provided which

looks for factors that

put elderly at risk for

Falls that could be

remedied.

Traverse City Senior Center

senior center topics for education1
Senior Center Topics for Education

We will have seniors at the community center sign up for an in home evaluation and education which looks for factors that put elderly at risk for falls that could be remedied:

Outside lighting and nightlights near bed, hallways, stairs, and bathroom

Throw rugs removed

Safety when using new medications

Keep telephone wires out of the way, have phone on bed stand and end table to prevent running for the phone.

Wear rubber-soled shoes so you don\'t slip

Put salt or kitty litter on icy sidewalks.

Wear low-heeled shoes

Do not walk in socks, stockings, or slippers

Be sure stairs are well lit and have rails on both sides

Put grab bars on bathroom walls near tub, shower, and toilet

Use a nonskid bath mat in the shower or tub

Keep a flashlight next to your bed

senior center activities
Senior Center Activities

Perform an Elderly Mobility Scale to pre-determine safety

Have clients watch video at local senior center on safety of rugs

Have clients watch video at local senior center regarding fall prevention

Have clients take the Fall Prevention Checklist (http://www.mnsafetycouncil.org/seniorsafe/falls/index.cfm)

Provide walkers, canes, and other assistive devices to those in need.

loan closet commission on aging
Loan Closet Commission on Aging

Equipment, such as wheelchairs,

bath benches

walkers, commodes, and

are loaned to senior citizens

in Grand Traverse County

client outcomes
Client Outcomes

The elderly population will be able to:

continue at their highest level of functioning

identify hazardous items in the home that contribute to falls

name items that can help them to maneuver more safely 

identify medication that can contribute to falls.

verbalize knowledge of postural hypotension and to get up slowly

demonstrate the correct use of their walker or cane. 

They will also take pre test, watch fall prevention video, and take post test to evaluate their knowledge

evaluation
Evaluation
  • Evaluate participants 30 days after risk reduction education. Determine if risk reduction

was taken.

  • Have client take pre test, watch fall prevention video, and take post test to evaluate their knowledge
  • Evaluate trends in ACS data

Trends should show less hospitalization for

Accidents (falls).

fall prevention video
Fall Prevention Video

Please take 5 minutes to view this video on fall prevention

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqQGjPOFio0&feature=related

references
References

Administration on Aging, 010) A profile of older Americans, 2009. Retrieved March 6, 2010 from http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Aging_Statistics/Profile/2009/16.aspx

CDC. (2008). In Nation Center for Injury Prevention & Control (Eds.), Fall Prevention (Falls 2008, pp. 1-100). Retrieved April 1, 2010, from CDC Web site: http:/​/​www.cdc.gov/​HomeandRecreationalSafety/​images/​CDC_Guidea.pdf

Grand Traverse County. Retrieved March 07, 2010, Retrieved March 07, 2010 from http://www.co.grand-traverse.mi.us/Page1492.aspx?PageMode=View&ContainerPageDefID=1531&PageletZone=1Munson Medical Center Senior Services.

MDCH. (April 3, 2009). Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC 1991 & 2002-2007). Retrieved March 4, 2010, from Michigan Department of Community Health Web site: http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/pha/osr/chi/hosp/frame.html

Minnesota Safety Council. (2009). Fall Prevention Checklist. Retrieved March 28, 2010, from http://www.mnsafetycouncil.org/seniorsafe/falls/index.cfm

Murphy, D., and Cleveland, M. (2006, April 1). Falls: A preventable geriatric syndrome. Aging Matters

references1
References

Michigan Department of Community Health. (2009, June 22). Unintentional Fatal Injuries, 2002 -2007. Retrieved from MDCH Web site: http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/pha/osr/chi/fatal/frame/html

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS). (2009, May). Fast Facts: What are ways to prevent falls and related fractures. Retrieved March 28, 2010, from http://www.niams.nih.gov/HealthInfo/Bone/Osteoporosis/Fracture/preventfalls_ff.asp#

National Safety Council. (n.d.). Protecting Ourselves from Slips, Trips and Falls. Retrieved April 2, 2010, from National Safety Council Web site: http://www.ncs.org/safety_home/Resources/Pages/Falls.aspx

Ness,K., and Gurneu, J. (2001). Screening for risk of falls in the elderly in a community health fair setting: A feasible study. Issues on Aging, 24 (2).

Robertson, R., & Montagnini, M. (2004, July 15). Geriatric failure to thrive. American Family Physician, 70(2), 248, 257. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15291092?dopt=Abstract

Zeischegg P. (2010, February 03). Fall prevention balance and your brain. The Union. Retrieved April 4, 2010 from http://www.theunion.com

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