THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. BIRTH OF A NATION. Articles of Confederation (confederal government) 1777 Annapolis Convention (1786, trade) Shay’s Rebellion (1787) Constitutional Convention (1787) Negotiation and Compromise New Jersey and Virginia plans

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Birth of a nation
BIRTH OF A NATION

  • Articles of Confederation (confederal government) 1777

  • Annapolis Convention (1786, trade)

  • Shay’s Rebellion (1787)

  • Constitutional Convention (1787)

  • Negotiation and Compromise

  • New Jersey and Virginia plans

  • 3/5ths Compromise (tax. and rep.)

  • The Great Compromise (representation)

  • Federalist Papers (1787) Hamilton, Madison and Jay

  • Ratification


George the first

Under the 1st and 2nd

Continental Congress

(1774-81):

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

Thomas Mckean

Under the Articles of Confederation

(1782-88)

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Richard Henry Lee

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

Under U.S. Constitution

George Washington+(1789)

GEORGE THE FIRST?


The small states battle the large states

New Jersey Plan

Equal votes from each state

Unicameral legislature

Some power to levy taxes, regulate commerce

Executive-more than one, elected by legislature, removed by state majority of governors

National judiciary appointed by the president

No power over states

Ratification by the states

Virginia Plan

Popular representation

Bicameral legislature

Executive (including cabinet) size undetermined, elected and removed by congress

Judicial-life tenure, can override state laws, elected by legislature

Ratification by citizens

THE SMALL STATES BATTLE THE LARGE STATES


The art of compromise
THE ART OF COMPROMISE

  • Virginia Plan: House representation based on population favoring the _______ states. Strong national government, single executive and a judiciary (James Madison).

  • New Jersey Plan: Representation equally allocated to each state favoring the ________ states. Weak national government, multiple executives and a supreme court. Retained the Articles of Confederation (William Patterson).

  • Connecticut Plan (Great Compromise): ????????

  • 3/5th’s Compromise: for the purposes of taxation and house representation, slaves would be counted as 3/5th’s of a person. No slave importation after 1807. (note: slaves comprised 3/5’s of the southern population)

  • Signed on September 17, 1787 (Constitution Day)


The constitution
THE CONSTITUTION….

  • What is it?

  • What is it used for?

  • Who developed it?

  • What was the first?


U s constitution

U.S. CONSTITUTION

a framework….


  • THE UNFOLDING…

  • Magna Carta (1215) compelling King John of England to agree to some governmental restrictions and subjects’ rights.

  • Mayflower Compact (1620) Mayflower pilgrims agree to a set of laws governing behavior for the “good of the people”.

  • The Colonial Charters (1624-1732) various colonial constitutions

  • Declaration of Independence (1776)

  • Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)

  • The Constitution (1788)


Preamble
PREAMBLE

  • We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Constitution
CONSTITUTION

  • Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

  • Adoption (1788)

  • Bill of Rights (1791)

  • Articles I, II, III

  • Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches

  • Balance of power and checks and balances


Articles iv vii
ARTICLES IV-VII

  • IV: States’ rights between states

  • V: Amendability

  • VI: Supreme law of the land

  • VII: Ratification (9 of 13)


Amending the constitution
AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION

Note: 21st amendment repealed the 18 th with congressional and state conventions’ approval .

h.




Balance of power
BALANCE OF POWER

  • Shared government

  • Checks and balances


Bill of rights
BILL OF RIGHTS

  • Amendments 1-10

  • Civil Liberties



Other changes
OTHER CHANGES…………

  • ERA

  • Continuity of Congress

  • Abortion

  • Marriage

  • Presidential qualification

  • Marital definition


Congress
CONGRESS

  • Article I the legislative branch

  • Sections 1-10


The executive branch
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

  • Article II the presidency

  • Sections 1-4


The judicial branch
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH

  • Article III the Supreme Court

  • Sections 1-3


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