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MaRIE 1.0: Ma tter R adiation I nteractions in E xtremes 1.0 Mary Hockaday 6 June 2013 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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MaRIE 1.0: Ma tter R adiation I nteractions in E xtremes 1.0 Mary Hockaday 6 June 2013 2013 Mission Committee talk. We have four major themes for today’s discussions. Introduce myself Reframing of the mission n eed for MaRIE 1.0 Provide a status of our path t o CD-0

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MaRIE 1.0: Ma tter R adiation I nteractions in E xtremes 1.0 Mary Hockaday 6 June 2013

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Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

MaRIE 1.0:

Matter Radiation Interactions in Extremes 1.0

Mary Hockaday

6 June 2013

2013 Mission Committee talk


We have four major themes for today s discussions

We have four major themes for today’s discussions

  • Introduce myself

  • Reframing of the mission

    need for MaRIE 1.0

  • Provide a status of our path

    to CD-0

  • Obtain feedback on approach

We are modifying our framing of our mission need based on feed back from the Mission Committee. Let’s see how it’s coming along.


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

At the contract transition the need for Los Alamos National Laboratory to have a signature facility was reaffirmed

Historically LANSCE has

played a role.

MaRIE builds on LANSCE’s success.

  • LANSCE-generated Proton beam will be coupled

    directly into MaRIE

  • LANSCE provides experience in Accelerators, User

    Facilities, and Material Science


Marie 1 0 is the most nw relevant subset 1b of marie

MaRIE 1.0 is the most NW-relevant subset (~$1B) of MaRIE.

MPDH: Multi-Probe Diagnostic Hall

Dynamic experiments utilizing

premier x-ray scattering capability

at high energy and high repetition

frequency with simultaneous

charged particle dynamic imaging

M4: Making, Measuring & Modeling

Materials Facility

State of the art resource for

materials synthesis and control,

with national security infrastructure

Unique very hard x-ray XFEL

Unique simultaneous photon-proton imaging measurements


We have been working towards our vision of marie since contract transition

We have been working towards our vision of MaRIE since contract transition.

Path to

CD-0

Pre-conceptual Proposal

Facility

Definition

Developing the

Science Case

(2013)

LANS Contract Transition

Concept Definition/Internal Competition

MaRIE selection

Pre-MaRIE

(2012)

(2010)

(2006-2008)

(2009)

We are focusing on the NNSA customer

LANS BUSINESS-SENSITIVE INFORMATION


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

The NNSA New Facilities call was an opportunity to address decadal ST&E facility needs for Stewardship


As we look to the future three things are certain

As we look to the future three things are certain

  • The next and succeeding generations of stewards will need to make decisions

  • The nation, its allies and its adversaries must have confidence in those decisions

  • Our stewards will use the best computation, simulation and experimental toos we have to inform those decisions.

Annual

Assessment

Significant

Finding

Investigations

Life Extension

Programs

“It’s a matter of production and capability of doing it. As you know, ah, you go to war with the army you have—not the army you might want or wish to have at a later time.” –Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, 2004


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

Our stewards will be facing a different stockpile from today’s- one that was built and tested in the era of underground testing.

  • There will be changes in materials long term

    • Aging changes materials

    • Replacement materials may not be able to be made exactly the same way

    • Explicit decisions to change materials for manufacturability or sustainability reasons

    • Explicit decisions to change materials for performance gains.

  • Risk increases as weapons age, MaRIE can help mitigate those risks.

MaRIE offers the capability to study and better understand

how these changes will affect the performance of the

weapons.


Predictive capability for the nep is not yet sufficient to protect against irrational confidence

Predictive capability for the NEP is not yet sufficient to protect against irrational confidence

We have moved to how do we best test our

stewards!!!


Marie 1 0 adds to the tool set our stewards will need to improve confidence in their decisions

MaRIE 1.0 adds to the tool set our stewards will need to improve confidence in their decisions

Life Extension Programs

Significant Finding Investigations

W76-1 and other systems until retired

W88 Alt 370

B61-12

Cruise Missile

Annual Assessment

IW-1

IW-2

IW-3

Materials Capability Review 2013


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

We asked ourselves, “What would we need to achieve a predictive, phase and process-aware understanding of materials performanceto support future stockpile decisions?”

Phase-aware integrated models

Process -aware integrated models

Phase-aware

EOS

Multi-Scale

Strength

Models

Multi-Mode

Damage

We are here

We are here

Analytical

Isotropic

Homogeneous

Manufacturing/

synthesis

Aging

phenomena

Interfaces/

compatibility

Equation of

State

Damage/

Failure

Strength/

Plasticity

Process Aware Manufacturing

Dynamic Materials Performance

There is a symbiotic relationship between MaRIE and advanced

computational power to achieve self consistent modeling


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

We have always used multiple facilities to acquire data at the appropriate time and length scales required to establish predictive capability


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

We take the evolution of mix and burn to provide an example of how integrating across scales and facilities is powerful


An example to consider is the validation of the mix model

An example to consider is the validation of the mix model


Application to model though preliminary is showing great promise

Application to model though preliminary, is showing great promise


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

We developed a set of MaRIE 1.0 “First Experiments” that span the mission need AND set functional requirements for the facility

Materials Capability Review 2013


Dead zones in ihe present simulation method

Dead zones in IHE; present simulation method


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

Through the Multi-Probe Diagnostic Hall, MaRIE 1.0 provides a unique capability for simultaneous, multi-probe measurements of in situ transient phenomena in relevant dynamic extremes

42-keV XFEL allows multigranular sample penetration and multipulse dynamics without significant sample perturbation.

MPDH provides a broad suite of loading conditions to the user.

total

Pu; Al

MaRIE 1.0

elastic

Proton microscopy provides absolute density (~1%) & velocities through sample volume.

First Experiments


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

Multiple processes are required to produce well characterized Pu and we continue to be reminded about challenges associated with Pu


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

Example: Dynamic Performance of Plutonium and Surrogate Metals and Alloys

The challenge is to observe the dynamic microstructure and phase evolution down to the sub-granular level

Sub-mm resolution

100’s – 1000’s mm samples

Sub-ns resolution,

~30 frames in

1 ms duration

The first experiment: Multiple, simultaneous dynamic in situ diagnostics with resolution at the scale of nucleation sites (< 1 mm; ps – ns)

See Garry’s Maskaly’s talk on why this could matter

Marie allows us to break the problem apart.

Slide 20


Lack of accurate predictive processing models leads to production inefficiency

Lack of accurate predictive processing models leads to production inefficiency


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

Developing a coupled experimental and modeling approach to process-aware manufacturing based on solidification phenomena


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

First Experiment: Controlled Solidification and Phase Transformations

Developing a coupled experimental and modeling approach to process-aware manufacturing based on solidification phenomena

Solidification fronts 0.01 to 10 mm/ms

Images from every 100 ns to 10’s of ms

FOV 100 mm to see multiple grains

Resolution of 500 nm for precipitates

0.1 – 5 mm penetration

Temperature up to 2200 oC

Heating/Cooling rates of 0.01 - 105oC/sec

The goal: Advanced casting models with elemental and microstructure evolution using dynamic 3-D imaging of density, structure, temperature and elemental composition

Density/Fluid

Flow Radiography

Protons

Hard X-rays

Diffraction - structure

Mission: Cost efficient near-net shape components with controlled performance.

Tunable X-rays

Chemical composition

The First Experiment:

Complete 3-D reconstruction coupled to :

Structure and elemental mapping during processing at M4

In situ density/structure at MPDH

The model: New solidification models that incorporate fluid flow, nucleation and growth of microstructure

Long term goal is product based specifications

Slide 23

Team includes: Franz Freibert, Dave Teter, Robert Hackenberg, …


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

“First Experiments” define mission-driven functional requirements and reveal facility performance gaps

Materials Capability Review 2013


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

“First Campaigns” are examples of how MaRIE 1.0 could help our Stockpile Stewards address today’s challenges if it were available today


New facilities process outcome we would expect to move marie to cd 0 within 6 months

New Facilities Process Outcome:“…we would expect to move MaRIE to CD-0 within 6 months”

  • “MaRIE was, by far, judged to be the most mature and well-motivated proposed facility”

  • “The cost estimate, schedule estimate, and technical feasibility of MaRIE are assessed to be at a level of fidelity beyond what is needed at this stage in the planning process”

  • “The technical capabilities provided by MaRIE could substantially advance our ability to maintain the stockpile, but only if utilized within the appropriate framework.”

  • “Acceptance of MaRIE for CD-0 will require a letter from the directors of LANL and LLNL that describes your commitment and plan for advancing the process and science of certification to make use of MaRIE.”


Changes in doe and nnsa leadership have impacted our path forward

Changes in DOE and NNSA Leadership have impacted our path forward

  • The Directors’ letter continues to be worked

  • Optimal timing and delivery path is uncertain

  • Soliciting input from key stakeholders

  • FYNSP Budget Builds most likely will not wait for new leadership to be in place

  • Informal funding profile has been provided – FY20 construction start with peak no greater than 200 M a/year over 8 years – will entertain FY19 construction start


Notional cd 0 schedule logic has been established pacing is under discussion

Notional CD-0 Schedule: Logic has been established; pacing is under discussion

Selden Review of

LLNL and LANL Letter

Update Cost, Schedule, Risks, & Ref. Design

Dec. 2012

Facility Definition Review (FFR’s, CDEP, and R&D)

Draft Letter

Final Letter / NNSA Conc.

PSP Review

Mar 2013

SFR / 1st Camp. Workshops

Review of Scope, Schedule, Cost, Risks, & CD-0 package

[BOG Endorsed]

Update FFR’s

Draft MNS

Draft PRD

Draft CDEP

Update R&D Plan

NNSA / APM

ICR Review

Respond / Revise

Selden Review of Mission Need and Program Requirements

Respond / Revise

MNS

Approved!

Deeney: “12/13”

Our goal is to position MaRIE 1.0

for CD-0 in CY 13 AND for a funding line in FY15 FYNSP request


We are grappling with what should our acquisition strategy be given that

We are grappling with what should our Acquisition Strategy be given that:

  • NNSA Management uncertainty

  • NNSA has requested a CD0 – initial cost range

  • Construction start no sooner than FY19

  • Technical Risk exists in the XFEL and the detectors -- ~85M R&D required to mitigate

  • NMSSUP experience has left us cautious


Los alamos is the right place for marie

Los Alamos is the right place for MaRIE

  • Our Stewards will utilize MaRIE to meet our mission challenges of the future

  • We have the expertise in weapons mission materials (Pu, HE,…) in a classified environment

  • LANSCE is a National User Facility

  • -We have experience optimizing the co-existence of basic and classified research

  • - Provides ~$1B infrastructure site credit towards MaRIE

  • - We have proven track record in running large accelerator based facilities

  • People are key to our future, and MaRIE is key to attracting and retaining the next generation of Stewards to Los Alamos

“We have won the competition”

We need your help to make MaRIE a reality!


Marie 1 0 ma tter r adiation i nteractions in e xtremes 1 0 mary hockaday 6 june 2013

MaRIE 1.0 will enable us to observe and ultimately control how mesoscale materials properties affect weapons performance

A mission need exists for a facility focused on predicting and controlling materials in extreme environments, exploiting in situ transient measurements on real materials in relevant dynamic extremes to address nuclear weapons challenges in qualification and certification.

Achieving controlled functionality at the mesoscale through co-design is the frontier of materials research.

MaRIE 1.0 meets this need with a robust preconceptual reference design that is grounded in community-defined mission and scientific requirements.

MaRIE provides a unique tool set for our future Stewards. Definitely a “Killer Capability.”


Marie 1 0 science and mission is already attracting the best and the brightest

MaRIE 1.0 science and mission is already attracting the best and the brightest

Garry Maskaly

XTD

Amy Clarke

MST

MaRIE Generation

MaRIE Generation

Cindy Bolme

WX

Kyle Ramos

WX

Richard Sandberg

MPA


Backup

Backup

Materials Capability Review 2013


Marie external advisory board mission need subcommittee

MaRIE External Advisory Board Mission Need Subcommittee

  • Bob Selden, Chair

  • Mike Anastasio

  • Charlie Curtis

  • Roger Falcone

  • Sig Hecker

  • Rus Hemley

  • John Immele

  • Don Kerr

  • Steve Koonin

  • Cherry Murray

  • The task of this Subcommittee is to provide me advice, feedback, and advocacy as we lay the groundwork for a communication strategy with all possible stakeholders that articulates

  • A joint (LANL-LLNL) vision for how we qualify components and certify the performance of the future stockpile using the scientific tools and data we can obtain as we anticipate a smaller and different stockpile that is further removed from underground test;

  • The mission need for the MaRIE CD-0 package including the assurance that mission need has been translated to appropriate and cost-effective facility requirements; and,

  • A compelling strategy for extending the lifetime and sustaining the science base of the stockpile that is appreciated and supported by the broader community and our colleagues at the Pentagon.


Marie 1 0 adds to the tool set our stewards will need to improve confidence in their decisions1

MaRIE 1.0 adds to the tool set our stewards will need to improve confidence in their decisions

Life Extension Programs

Significant Finding Investigations

W76-1 and other systems until retired

W88 Alt 370

B61-12

Cruise Missile

Annual Assessment

IW-1

IW-2

IW-3

Materials Capability Review 2013


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