3. Space Science in Education - Situation in Poland Prof. Wojciech Nawrocik Institute of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, P oland NSC „Science on Stage”. Forum on Space Science and Education International Space Science Institute Bern , 12-13 June 2007.
Space Science in Education - Situation in Poland
Prof. Wojciech Nawrocik
Institute of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland
NSC „Science on Stage”
Forum on Space Science and Education
International Space Science Institute
Bern , 12-13 June 2007
In Poland several years ago
6-year primary schools and
3-year gymnasia were introduced.
Secondary education is provided in
3-year general lyceums
or in vocational secondary schools
3-year specialized lyceums
and 4-year secondary technical schools.
In addition, there are 2-3-year basic vocational schools
Number of schools, pupils, and teachers in the school year 2004/2005
Type of schoolschoolspupils teachers
Gymnasia 61711611537 120900
General lyceum 251774662749900
Technicum and 3984 615263 40800
Basic vocational 1844 23917512600
The main objective of general secondary education is to:
„Help pupils to understand and not only to memorize relevant information,
Help pupils to develop an ability to observe particular relations (causality, as well as function, time and space based relations),
Support pupils in the development of an analytical and synthetic thinking,
Enable pupils to use practical information and knowledge in an integral way leading to the better understanding of the world, people and oneself,”...
In Poland there is no special space science programme at schools.
Some information about space science achievements are reported on physics and astronomy or geography lessons at gimnasium and liceum.
After all teachers and pupils are interested in space science and willingly participate at competitions and festivals organized by astronomers and physicists.
As examples one can indicate European Festivals „Universe and Life”, „Physics on Stage” and”Science on Stage”.
The initiatives of EIROforum members to show teachers and pupils a modern science, including the space science, are extremely important because give teachers and pupils the opportunity to touch Big Science.
Last time a lot of local science festivals are organized in Poland. Always space science is attractive subject of these festivals.
Very active role in space science propaganda play Center of Cosmic Investigations PAS, Nikolai Copernicus Astronomical Centre PAS, Astronomical Observatories of Polish universities, Astronautic chair at Warsaw Technical University, Centre of Theoretical Physics PAS, Institute of Physics Szczecin University.
Very important are enthusiasm of teachers who are interested in space science and transfer his interest to their pupils.Often these activities have international dimension.
One of the example is „Hands-On Universe, Europe”
Observations from Arizona, with the remotely controlled telescope Ironwood North Observatory (INO).
„The truly simple Web interface of this telescope, allowed us to take pictures of Messier’s objects, well-known certainly, but always so spectacular. This was just our first observing session, one hour and half long. The firsts pictures were black and white (M27, M51, M101). Then, we tried the colour procedure - a set of filter is available – with four images LRVB: thus we could get M57’s colors.
Thank you toAnne Laure Melchior (UPMC-France) and Lech Mankiewicz (Center for Theoretical Physics PAS, Warsaw-Poland),who guided us, step by step, in handling this instrument” the students said.
In Poland we consider as very important ESA declaration: „Since the foundation of the European Space Agency, education and outreach have been a fundamental part of its mandate ESA is conscious that it can play a significant role in contributing to a scientifically literate and aware society, and that it has both a responsibility and a vested interest in doing so.
In recent years, the subject of education has become a reason for concern because of the decreasing number of students in such disciplines, and the negative consequences that this trend might have on our society.
This is even more critical as Europe strives to become the leading knowledge-based society of the 21 st century. For this reason, ESA is today increasing its education efforts in a coordinated fashion, which will ensure that all aspects of space (human spaceflight, space science, earth observation…) are well represented.”