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饮食与营养 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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饮食与营养. 安顺职业技术学院 周艳. 第一节 营养与健康 第二节 营养的评估 第三节 患者的一般饮食护理 第四节 特殊饮食护理. 第一节 营养与健康. 人体对营养的需求: 营养素 热能. 热能 热能不是营养素,但人的生命活动需要消耗能量。热能主要来自于三大营养素 — 碳水化合物、脂肪、蛋白质 。 营养素 食物中对人体有用的成分就是营养素。人体所需的营养素可分为六大类:蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物、矿物质及微量元素、维生素、水 。. 第二节 营养的评估.

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饮食与营养

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  • 1.

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    • 2cm

    • 2cm

    • 1cm


100%



(basic diets)


(therapeutic diets)


(testing diets)




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  • ()



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  • 3

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  • 5

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1

(2)

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  • 61239




(tube feeding)


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(nasogastric gavage)



  • 50ml38~40




  • 45-55cm




  • 15cm


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---2

  • 10


---3


  • 10ml

  • 200ml2h




  • 2

  • 200ml2



3

  • 250~400ml4~6

  • 4~6400~500ml30~60min

  • 12~24


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