Urban Assistance Guidelines
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Urban Assistance Guidelines. BIG LAUNCH!. Crawford. Guidelines. Shelter Meeting 10a May 2010. At a glance, the global discussion addresses: Identification of beneficiaries And what needs to be done differently

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Urban Assistance Guidelines




Shelter Meeting 10a

May 2010

At a glance, the global discussion addresses:

  • Identification of beneficiaries

  • And what needs to be done differently

    Can these guidelines help me when doing program planning (policy and technical)?


These guidelines can help you with:

  • Defining Affected Population (Beneficiaries)

  • Combining Assistance Methods

  • Understanding the SWOT of 18 Assistance Methods

  • Deciding on Standards

    In addition they provide on overview of:

    - Assessment Tools and Handbooks

    - Profiling Methods

    - Housing, Land and Property Issues (HLP)

    - Case studies


But how does it all work?

 Urban areas are very attractive (economic, social, ...) and especially after a crisis

people choose their ”durable soultion”

based on the benefits they have in the city.

Do I get guidance on who to assist (who is actually affected and in need)

and on how people make a living?


How does it all work?

  • Urban Livelihoods Approach:

    thinking about people in cities...

  • Affected Populations:

    thinking about what happens to people in cities after disasters/crisis (durable solution) ...

  • Appropriate combinations of assistance: thinking about what to do...


Urban Livelihoods Approach

  • Households

  • ........Neighbourhoods

  • .........................................Cities

  • ..............................................................Regions


So the guidelines tell me about:

- Vulnerabilities, coping strategies, capacties and household assets of Households and families but also

- Governance, infrastructure and services and vulnerabilities of Locations and neighborhoods

- Policies, Institutions and Processes of Cities

- Policies, laws and regulations on National, Regional and International level


Affected Populations (Who?)

  • Populations affected by an urban humanitarian crisis include:

  • displaced and non-displaced households;

  • directly and indirectly affected households and communities;

  • pre-existing and new urban dwellers;

  • owner-occupiers and tenants;


How can the affected populations, those in need (needs based vs. status based assistance) get assistance?

Is it possible to know who is affected and what about all the urban poor?


  • Know who to assist

  • Know about the importance of livelihood

    How can the affected Populations be assisted (now what?)


Assistance Methods (what can be done)

Supervision and technical expertise

Contract labour

Return and transit support items

Legal and administrative expertise

Household WASH support items


Information centres and teams

General household support items


Household shelter construction support items

Capacity building and training

Loans and credit

Infrastructure and settlement planning support

Insurance and guarantees

Community labour

Market interventions

Environmental and resource management

Direct labour




What should be done?


laws, principles and standards based on and continuing to inform policy

What are we intending to do?



How do we do it in practice?

where do we start?

what are the priorities?

what are the practical difficulties, dilemmas and controversies?

where and when do we stop?

Are we doing it?

what was the baseline benchmark? what is the target benchmark?

how well did we do it?

how fast did we do it?

are our indicators right?


informed by policy, shaped by practice, scenarios, participation


Before the guidelines get printed
Before the Guidelines get printed:

  • Are they posted on SC webpage (Sector Projects, Urban, ...)

  • Can you provide your final comments

  • Will we decide how we make them look like (product of and for the entire shelter community)