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TECHNOLOGY GUIDE ONE. Computer Hardware. TECHNOLOGY GUIDE OUTLINE. TG1.1 Introduction TG1.2 Strategic Hardware Issues TG1.3 Computer Hierarchy TG1.4 Input and Output Technologies TG1.5 The Central Processing Unit. LEARNING OBJECTIVES.

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technology guide one

TECHNOLOGY GUIDE ONE

Computer Hardware

technology guide outline
TECHNOLOGY GUIDE OUTLINE

TG1.1 Introduction

TG1.2 Strategic Hardware Issues

TG1.3 Computer Hierarchy

TG1.4 Input and Output Technologies

TG1.5 The Central Processing Unit

learning objectives
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • Identify the major hardware components of a computer system.
  • Discuss the strategic issues that link hardware design to business strategy.
  • Describe the hierarchy of computers according to power and their respective roles.
  • Differentiate the various types of input and output technologies and their uses.
learning objectives continued
LEARNING OBJECTIVES (continued)
  • Describe the design and functioning of the central processing unit.
  • Discuss the relationships between microprocessor component designs and performance.
  • Describe the main types of primary and secondary storage.
hardware consists of
Hardware consists of:
  • Central processing unit (CPU)
  • Primary storage
  • Secondary storage
  • Input technologies
  • Output technologies
  • Communication technologies
tg1 2 strategic hardware issues
TG1.2 Strategic Hardware Issues
  • How do organizations keep up with the rapid price and performance advancements in hardware?
  • How often should an organization upgrade its computers and storage systems?
  • Will upgrades increase personal and organizational productivity?
  • How can organizations measure such increase?
  • How should organizations determine the need for new hardware infrastructures?
  • How do organizations manage employees who can “work from anywhere?”
tg1 3 computer hierarchy
TG1.3 Computer Hierarchy
  • Supercomputers
  • Mainframe Computers
  • Midrange Computers
  • Microcomputers
tg1 4 input and output technologies
TG1.4 Input and Output Technologies

Input technologies

Human data-entry

Source-data automation

various human input devices
Various Human Input Devices
  • Trackball
  • Pointing Stick
  • Digital Pen
  • Web Camera
  • Wii
  • Bluetooth Laser Virtual Keyboard
  • The Maltron Keyboard
multimedia technology
Multimedia Technology
  • Multimedia technology
  • Merges capabilities
tg1 5 the central processing unit
TG1.5 The Central Processing Unit

Central processing unit (CPU)

Microprocessor

  • Control unit
  • Arithmetic-logic unit (ALU)
  • Registers
computer memory
Computer Memory

Two basic categories of computer memory:

  • Primary Storage
  • Secondary Storage
hierarchy of memory capacity
Hierarchy of Memory Capacity
  • Kilobyte
  • Megabyte
  • Gigabyte
  • Terabyte
  • Petabyte
  • Exabyte
  • Zettabyte
main types of primary storage
Main Types of Primary Storage
  • Registers
  • Random access memory (RAM)
  • Cache memory
  • Read-only memory (ROM)
secondary storage
Secondary Storage

Secondary Storage

  • Magnetic tape (sequential access)
  • Magnetic disks (direct access)
  • Optical storage devices
  • Flash Memory devices
optical storage devices
Optical Storage Devices

Optical storage devices

  • Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory (CD-ROM)
  • Digital Video Disk (DVD)
flash memory devices
Flash Memory Devices

Flash memory

Flash memory devices

Thumb drive

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